Article Date: 7/1/2009

Ocular surface and lid margin diseases

Ocular surface and lid margin diseases

Bacterial conjunctivitis

This disease occurs when bacteria infect the conjunctiva, the thin, clear layer of tissue that lines the inside of the eyelid and covers the white part of the eye.1,2

What should l look for?

What causes it?

Why treat it?

Allergic conjunctivitis

This condition is an inflammation, caused by allergies, of the inner surface of the eyelid and the white part of the eye.2,3

What should I look for?

What causes it?

Why treat it?

Bacterial keratitis

This condition occurs when bacteria infect the cornea, the clear covering over the front of the colored portion of the eyeball.5,8

What should I look for?

What causes it?

Why treat it?

Blepharitis

Blepharitis is a common condition that causes inflammation around the eyelid and eyelashes. It occurs in 3 forms, usually classified by location: the outer eyelid (anterior), the inner eyelid (posterior), or a combination of the 2 (mixed).9-11

Anterior

This disease causes inflammation around the outer (anterior) part of the eyelids and eyelashes.9,10

What should l look for?

What causes it?

Why treat it?

Posterior or meibomian gland disease (MGD)

This disease causes inflammation around the inner (posterior) part of the eyelids and eyelashes.9,10

What should l look for?

What causes it?

Why treat it?

References

  1. Sowka JW, Gurwood AS, Kabat AG. Bacterial conjunctivitis. Handbook of ocular disease management. Review of Optometry Online, http://www.revoptom.com/handbook/sect2c.htm. Accessed July 29, 2008.
  2. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Preferred Practice Pattern: conjunctivitis. http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP.aspx?sid=9955f101-a94b-4f8f-a3c9-15d014f613b9. Published January 2006. Accessed July 30, 2008.
  3. Sowka JW, Gurwood AS, Kabat AG. Allergic conjunctivitis. Handbook of ocular disease management. Review of Optometry Online, http://www.revoptom.com/handbook/oct02_sec2_2.htm. Published October 2002. Accessed July 29, 2008.
  4. Sowka JW, Gurwood AS, Kabat AG. Acute allergic conjunctivitis. Handbook of ocular disease management. Review of Optometry Online, http://www.revoptom.com/handbook/March_2004/sec2_4.htm. Published March 2004. Accessed August 1, 2008.
  5. Sowka JW, Gurwood AS, Kabat AG. Bacterial keratitis. Handbook of oculardisease management. Review of Optometry Online, http://www.revoptom.com/handbook/oct02_sec3_5.htm. Published October 2002. Accessed January 26, 2009.
  6. Sowka JW, Gurwood AS, Kabat AG. Bacterial keratitis. Handbook of oculardisease management. Review of Optometry Online, http://www.revoptom.com/handbook/ March_2004/sec3_1.htm. Published March 2004. Accessed January 21, 2009.
  7. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Preferred Practice Pattern: Bacterial keratitis. http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP_Content.aspx?cid=1d56d934-c309-4072-B6b5-0698559a3b47. Published 2008. Accessed January 21, 2009.
  8. National Eye Institute. Facts about the cornea and corneal disease. http://www.nei.nih.g0v/health/cornealdisease/index.asp#O. Updated December 2008. Accessed January 30, 2009.
  9. Sowka JW, Gurwood AS, Kabat AG. Blepharitis. Handbook of ocular disease management. Review of Optometry Online, http://www.revoptom.com/handbook/sect1a.htm. Accessed August 1, 2008.
  10. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Preferred Practice Pattern: blepharitis. http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP.aspx?sid=9955f101-a94b-4f8f-a3c9-15d014f613b9. Published September 2003. Accessed July 30, 2008.
  11. Jackson WB. Blepharitis: current strategies for diagnosis and management. Can J Ophthalmol. 2008;43(2):170-179.
  12. McDonald MB, O'Brien TP. New considerations in the treatment of anterior and posterior blepharitis. Refract Eyecare. 2008;12(4 suppl):1-14.
  13. Sowka JW, Kabat AG. A new option for blepharitis? Review of Optometry Online. 2008;145(11). http://www.revoptom.com/index.asp?page=2_14067.htm. Published November 15, 2008. Accessed December 5, 2008.


Contact Lens Spectrum, Issue: July 2009