Contact Lens Spectrum

October 2005

Document #119




(p. 25) Discovering Dry Eye: Tear Film Osmolality — A Newer Gold Standard? By Kelly K. Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD


  1. Farris RL. Tear osmolarity--a new gold standard? Adv Exp Med Biol 1994; 350:495-503.


  1. Lemp MA. Report of the National Eye Institute/Industry workshop on Clinical Trials in Dry Eyes. Clao J 1995; 21 (4):221-32.


  1. Tomlinson A, Khanal S. Assessment of tear film dynamics: quantification approach. Ocular Surface; 3:81-95.



(p. 40) Quantifying Regression with Orthokeratology, By Helen K. Gardiner, OD, FAAO, Michael A. Leong, OD, FAAO,  & Ralph E. Gundel, OD, FAAO


1.  Jessen GN. Orthofocus techniques. Contacto 1962; 6:200-204.


2.  Harris DH, Stoyan N. A new approach to orthokeratology. Contact Lens Spectrum 1992; 7(4):37-39.


3.  Mountford J. An analysis of the changes in corneal shape and refractive error induced by accelerated orthokeratology. ICLC 1997; 24:249-257.


4.  Day JH, Reim T, Bard, RD, et al. Advance orthokeratology using custom lens design.  Contact Lens Spectrum 1997; 12(6):34-40.


5.  Polse KA, Brand RJ, Keener RJ, et al. The Berkeley Orthokeratology Study, part 2: Efficacy and duration. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1983; 60(3): 187-198.

6.  Polse KA, Brand RJ, Keener RJ, et al. The Berkeley Orthokeratology Study, part 3: Safety. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1983; 60(4): 269-272.


7.  Mountford J. Retention and regression of orthokeratology with time. ICLC 1998; 25:59-64.


8.  Mountford J, Ruston D, Dave T.  Orthokeratology Principles and Practice.  Butterworth-Heinmann, 2004; 113-114.


9.  Swarbrick HA, Wong G, O’Leary DJ.  Corneal response to orthokeratology.  Opt Vis Sci 1998; 75(11): 791-799.


10.  Horner DG, Armitage KS, Wormsley KA. Corneal molding recovery after contact lens wear. Opt Vis Sci 1993; 12:156-157.