Contact Lens Spectrum

May 2006

Document #126




(p. 15) Letter to the Editor: Alcon Responds about Fungal Keratitis Cases, By Ralph Stone, PhD


  1. Ruth A. Rosenthal, et al, Extreme Testing of Contact Lens Disinfecting Products, Contact Lens Spectrum, Jul 2002




(p. 21) Discovering Dry Eye: Preservative-Related Dryness? By Jason J. Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD


  1. Jones L, Evans K, Sariri R, Franklin V, Tighe B. Lipid and protein deposition of N-vinyl pyrrolidone-containing group II and group IV frequent replacement contact lenses. Clao J 1997;23:122-6.
  2. Jones L, MacDougall N, Sorbara LG. Asymptomatic corneal staining associated with the use of balafilcon silicone-hydrogel contact lenses disinfected with a polyaminopropyl biguanide-preserved care regimen. Optom Vis Sci 2002;79:753-61.


(p. 27) No-fee CE: Contact Lenses and Aquatics, By Dawn Lam, MSc, OD, and Timothy B. Edrington, OD, MS, FAAO


  1. Beattie TK, Tomlinson A, Seal DV.  Surface treatment or material characteristic: The reason for the high level of acanthamoeba attachment to silicone hydrogel contact lenses.  Eye and Contact Lens 2003;29(1s):S40-S43.


  1. Borazjani RN and Kilvington S.  Effect of a multipurpose contact lens solution on the survival and binding of acanthamoeba species on contact lenses examined with a no rub regimen.  Eye and Contact lens 2005;31(1):39-45.


  1. Brown MS, Siegel IM. Cornea-contact lens interaction in the aquatic environment. CLAO J 1997;23(4):237-42.


  1. Buck SL, Rosenthal RA, Schlech BA.  Amoebicidal activity of multipurpose contact lens solutions.  Eye and Contact lens 2005;1(2):62-66.


  1. Cavanagh HD, Ladage P, Yamamoto K, Li SL, Petroll M, Jester JV. Effects of daily and overnight wear of hyper-oxygen transmissible rigid and silicone hydrogel lenses on bacterial binding to the corneal epithelium: 13-month clinical trials. Eye & Contact Lens 2003;29(1S):S14-S16.


  1. Choo J, Vuu K, Bergenske P, Burnham K, Smythe J, Caroline P. Bacterial populations on silicone hydrogel and hydrogel contact lenses after swimming in a chlorinated pool. Optometry and Vision Science 2005;82(2):134-7.


  1. Chynn EW, Talamo JH, Seligman MS. Acanthamoeba keratitis: is water exposure a true risk factor? CLAO J 1997;23(1):55-6.


  1. Diefenbach CB, Soni PS, Gillespie BJ, Pence N. Extended wear contact lens movement under swimming pool conditions. Am J Optom Physiol Optics 1988;65(9):710-6.


  1. Erickson S, Randieri K, Ster J. Behavior of hydrophilic soft contact lenses under stress conditions of pH and toxicities. In: ----#7 reference in Legerton


  1. Flynn WJ, Hill RM. Hypotonic exposures. J Am Optom Assoc 1984;55(3):221-2.


  1. Gillilan RW. Vision and water sports. J Am Optom Assoc 1980;51:683-5.


  1. Haag JR, Geiser RG. Effects of swimming pool water on the cornea. JAMA 1983;249:2507


  1. Josephson JE, Caffery BE. Contact lens considerations in surface and subsurface aqueous environments. Optometry and Vision Science 1991;68(1):2-11.


  1. Jurkus J, Colarusso MA. To see or not to see: a swimmer’s dilemma. Contact Lens Spectrum. 1996;


  1. Kilvington S and White DG.  Acanthamoeba biology, ecology and human disease.  Rev Med Microbiol 1994;5:12-20.


  1. Legerton JA. Prescribing for water sports. ??? 3(1):92-110.


  1. Legerton JA. Large dynamic lenses for dynamic water sports. Sportsvision 1990;6(1):12-3.


  1. Lovsund P, Nilsson SE, Oberg PA. The use of contact lenses in wet or damp environments. Acta Ophthalmol 1980;58(5):794-804.


  1. Polse K, Mandell R. Hyperbaric oxygen effect on corneal edema caused by a contact lens. Am J Optom Physiol Optics 1971;48:197-200.


  1. Radford C, Lehmann O, Dart J.  Acanthamoeba keratitis: Multicentre survey in England 1992-1996.  Br J Ophthalmol 1998;82:1387-1392.


  1. Radford CF, Minassian DC, Dart JKG. Acanthamoeba keratitis in England and Wales: incidence, outcome, and risk factors. Br J Ophthalmol 2002;86:536-42.


  1. Simon D, Bradley M. Adverse effects of contact lens wear during decompression. JAMA 1980;244:1213-4.


  1. Sliney DH.  Physical factors in cataractogenesis-ambient UV radiation and temperature.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1986;27:781-9.


  1. Solomon J. Swimming with soft lenses. South J 1977;1913-8.


  1. Solomon. Hydrophilic lenses for swimming Contact Intraocul Lens Med J 1978;4:93-4.


  1. Solomon J, Snyder RP, Klein P. Swimming with soft contact lenses. Contact Lens Forum 1987;12(5):56-7.


  1. Soni PS, Pence NA, DeLeon C, Lawrence S. Feasability of extended wear lens use in chlorinated swimming pools. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 86;63:171-6.


  1. Stehr-Green JK, Bailey TM, Brandt FH, Carr JH, Bond WW, Visvesvara GS. Acanthamoeba keratitis in soft contact lens wearers. A case-control study. 1987 JAMA;258(1):57-60.


  1. Stehr-Green JK, Bailey TM, Visvesvara GS.  The epidemiology of Acanthamoeba keratitis in the United States.  Am J Ophthalmol 1989;107:331-336.


  1. Stein HA, Slatt B. Swimming and soft contact lenses. Contact Intraocul Lens Med J 1977;2:13-5.


  1. Stein HA, Slatt B. Swimming and soft contact lenses. Contact Intraocul Lens Med J 1977;3:24-


  1. Legerton J. “Sports Vision” Optometry Clinics, Volume 3, Number 1, edited by John Classe. Published by Apple and Lange, 1998, pp. 91-110.



(p. 40) The Role of Oxygen in Successful Lens Wear,” By Derrick L. Artis, OD, FAAO


  1. Goodlaw, EI.  Contact lens solutions and their wearing time.  Optometric Weekly 1946;48:1675-9.
  2. Lee KY, Lim L.  Pseudomonas keratitis associated with continuous wear silicone hydrogel soft contact lens: a case report.  Eye Contact Lens 2003;29:255-7.
  3. Stern J, Wong R, Naduvilath TJ, et. al. Comparison of the performance of 6-or30-night extended wear schedules with silicone hydrogel lenses over 3 years.  Optom Vis Sci 2004;81:398-406.
  4. Holden BA, Stephenson A, Stretton S, Sankaridurg PR, O’Hare N, Jalbert I, Sweeney DR.  Superior epithelial arcuate lesions with soft contact lens wear. Optom Vis Sci 2001;78:9-12.
  5. Fonn D, MacDonald KE, Richter D, Pritchard N.  The ocular response to extended wear of high Dk silicone hydrogel contact lens.  Clin Exp Optom 2002;85:176-82.
  6. Holden BA, Mertz GW.  Critical oxygen values to avoid corneal edema for daily and extended wear contact lenses.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1984;25:1161-7.
  7. Millodot  M.  Corneal anesthesia following contact lens wear.  In: Tomlinson A, eds.  Complications of Contact Lens Wear.  Mosby-Yearbook: St. Louis:1992. 
  8. Harvitt DM, Bonanno JA.  Re-evaluation of the oxygen diffusion model for predicting minimum Dk/t values needed to avoid corneal anoxia.  Optom Vis Sci 1999;76:712-9.
  9. Papas E.  On the relationship between soft contact lens oxygen transmissibility and induced limbal hyperemia. Exp Eye Res 1998;67:125-31.
  10. Giasson C, Bonanno JA.  Corneal epithelial and aqueous humor acidification during in vivo contact lens wear in rabbits.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1994;35:851-61.
  11. Morgan P, Brennan NA.  The decay of Dk?  Optician 2004;227: 27-33.
  12. Brennan NA.  Corneal oxygenation during contact lens wear: comparison of diffusion and EOP-based flux models. Clin Exp Optom 2005;88:103-8.
  13. Pritchard N, Fonn D, Brazeau D.  Discontinuation of contact lens wear: a survey.  Int Contact Lens Clin 1999; 26:157-62.
  14. Hall B, Jones S, Young G and Coleman S.  The on-eye dehydration of proclear compatibles lenses.  CLAO 1999;25:233-37.
  15. Pritchard N, Fonn D, Brazeau D.  Discontinuation of contact lens wear: a survey.  Int. Contact Lens Clin. 1999;26:157-62.
  16. Maldonado-Codina C, Morgan PB, Schnider CM, Efron N.  Short-term physiologic response to neophyte subjects fitted with hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2004;81:911-21.



(p. 50) Treatment Plan: Calculating Glaucoma Risk, By Leo Semes, OD, FAAO


  1. Gordon MO, Beiser JA, Brandt JD, et al. The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study: Baseline Factors that Predict the Onset of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma  Arch Ophthalmol  120: 714-720, 2002. 
  2. Kass MA, Heuer DK, Higginbotham EJ, et al. The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study: A Randomized Trial Determines that Topical Ocular Hypotensive Medication Delays or Prevents the Onset of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma  Arch Ophthalmol  120: 701-713, 2002.
  3. Medeiros FA, Weinreb RN, Sample PA, et al. Validation of a predictive model to estimate the risk of conversion from ocular hypertension to glaucoma. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005;123:1351-60.