Contact Lens Spectrum

June 2006

Document #127




(p. 25) Discovering Dry Eye: Looking Back: Contact Lenses and Dry Eye, By Kelly K. Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD


  1. Begley CG, Caffery B, Nichols KK, Chalmers R.Responses of contact lens wearers to a dry eye survey. Optom Vis Sci. 2000 Jan;77(1):40-6.


  1. Brennan NA, Efron N. Symptomatology of HEMA contact lens wear.
    Optom Vis Sci. 1989 Dec;66(12):834-8.


  1. Cho P, Brown B. Review of the tear break-up time and a closer look at the tear break-up time of Hong Kong Chinese. Optom Vis Sci. 1993 Jan;70(1):30-8.


  1. Farris RL. The dry eye: its mechanisms and therapy, with evidence that contact lens is a cause. CLAO J. 1986 Oct-Dec;12(4):234-46.


  1. Doughty MJ, Fonn D, Richter D, Simpson T, Caffery B, Gordon K.A patient questionnaire approach to estimating the prevalence of dry eye symptoms in patients presenting to optometric practices across Canada. Optom Vis Sci. 1997 Aug;74(8):624-31.


  1. Golding TR, Efron N, Brennan NA. Soft lens lubricants and prelens tear film stability. Optom Vis Sci. 1990 Jun;67(6):461-5.

  2. Lemp MA. Contact lenses and the dry-eye patient.
    Int Ophthalmol Clin. 1986 Spring;26(1):63-71.


  1. McMonnies CW. Key questions in a dry eye history.
    J Am Optom Assoc. 1986 Jul;57(7):512-7.


  1. Nichols JJ, Sinnott LT. Tear film, contact lens, and patient-related factors associated with contact lens-related dry eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Apr;47(4):1319-28.




(p. 27) Contact Lens Care: Using Artificial Tears Before Lens Application and Removal, By Susan J. Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO


1.         Cohen S, Potter W, Christensen M, et al.  Prospective case history study using Systane lubricant eye drops to help reduce symptoms of dry eye associated with contact lens wear.  Optom 2004;75(6):372-373.


2.         Brennan N, Coles M-L, Simmons P et al.  Tear thickening and duration of effect with different lubricant drops.  Optom Vis Sci 2004;81(suppl):234.


3.         Paugh J, Marsden H, Edrington T et al.  Can polyhexanide preservative staining be ameliorated in vivo?  Optom Vis Sci 2004;81(suppl):79.


4.         Willcox M, Garrett Q, Khan S et al.  The binding of CMC to human corneal epithelial cells and effect on cell migration/proliferation.  Optom Vis Sci 2005;82:E-abstract 055067.



(p. 52) Assessing and Treating Complications, By Barry A. Weissman, OD, PhD, FAAO


  1. Allansmith MR, Korb DR, Greiner JV, et al.  Giant papillary conjunctivitis in contact lens wearers.  Am J Ophthalmol 1977; 83:697-708.


  1. Berger ST, Mondino BJ, Hoft RH, et al.  Successful medical management of Acanthamoeba keratitis.  Am J Ophthalmol 1990; 110:395-403.


  1. Bergmanson JPG, Ruben CM, Chu LWF.  Epithelial morphological response to soft hydrogel contact lenses.  Br J Ophthalmol 1985; 69:373-9.


  1. Bonnano JA, Polse KA.  Corneal acidosis during contact lens wear:  effects of hypoxia and CO2.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1987; 28:1514-20.


  1. Brennan NA, Efron N. Corneal oxygen consumption and hypoxia. In Bennett ES and Weissman BA (eds). Clinical Contact Lens Practice (2/e). Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2005.


  1. Businger U, Treiber A, Flury C.  The etiology and management of three and nine o'clock staining.  Int Cont Lens Clin 1989; 16:136-9.


  1. Chan WK, Weissman BA.  Corneal pannus associated with contact lens wear.  Am J Ophthalmol 1996; 121:540-6.


8.      Cheng KH, Leung SL, Hoekman HW, Beekhuis WH, Mulder PG, Geerards AJ, Kijlstra A, Incidence of contact lens associated microbial keratitis and its related morbidity. Lancet 1999 354(9174):181-5


  1. Clemons CS, Cohen EJ, Arentsen JJ, et al.  Pseudomonas ulcers following patching of corneal abrasions associated with contact lens wear.  CLAO J 1987; 13:161-4.


  1. Donshik PC, Ballow M, Luistro A, et al.  Treatment of contact lens-induced giant papillary conjunctivitis.  CLAO J 1984; 10:346-50.


  1. Epstein G, Putterman AM.  Acquired blepharoptosis secondary to contact lens wear.  Am J Ophthalmol 1981; 91:634-9.


  1. Fonn D, Holden BA.  Extended wear of hard gas permeable contact lenses can induce ptosis.  CLAO J 1986; 12:93-4.


  1. Grohe RM, Lebow KA.  Vascularized limbal keratitis.  Int Cont Lens Clin 1989; 16:197-208.


  1. Hamano H, Hori M, Hamano T, et al.  Effects of contact lens wear on the mitosis of corneal epithelium and lactate content in the aqueous humor of rabbits.  Jpn J Ophthalmol 1983; 27:451-8.


  1. Hirji NK, Larke JR.  Corneal thickness in extended wear of soft contact lenses.  Br J Ophthalmol 1979; 63:274-6.


  1. Holden BA, Mertz GW.  Critical oxygen levels to avoid corneal edema for daily and extended wear contact lenses.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1984; 25:1161-7.


  1. Jenkins C, Tuft S, Liu C, Buckley R. Limbal transplantation in the management of chronic contact lens associated epitheliopathy. Eye 1993; 7:629-633.


18.  Jones L, Macdougall N, Sorbara LG. Asymptomatic corneal staining associated with the use of Balafilcon silicone hydrogel contact lenses disinfected with a polyaminopropyl biguanide-preserved care regimen. Optom Vis Sci 2002;79(12):753-61.


19.  Korb DR.  Edematous corneal formations.  J Am Optom Assoc 1973; 44:246-53.


  1. Korb DR, Exford JM.  The phenomenon of central circular clouding.  J Am Optom Assoc 1968; 39:223-30.


  1. Korb DR, Greiner JV, Fennemore VM, Allansmith MR.  Treatment of contact lenses with papain.  Increase in wearing time in keratoconic patients with papillary conjunctivitis.  Arch Ophthalmol 1983; 101:48-50.


  1. Korb DR, Henriquez AR.  Meibomian gland dysfunction and contact lens intolerance.  J Am Optom Assoc 1980; 51:243-51.


  1. Lansche RK, Lee RC.  Acute complications from present day corneal contact lenses.  Arch Ophthalmol 1960; 64:275-85.


  1. Madigan MC, Holden BA, Kwok LS.  Extended wear of contact lenses can compromise corneal epithelial adhesion.  Curr Eye Res 1987; 6:1257-60.


  1. Malinovsky V, Pole J, Pence NA.  Epithelial splits of the superior cornea in hydrogel contact lens patients.  Int Cont Lens Clin 1989; 16:252-5.


  1. McDonnell PJ, Nobe J, Gauderman WJ, et al.  Community care of corneal ulcers.  Am J Ophthalmol 1992; 114:531-8.


  1. Meisler DM, Berzins UJ, Krachmer JH, et al.  Cromolyn treatment of giant papillary conjunctivitis.  Arch Ophthalmol 1982; 100:1608-10.


  1. Millodot M, O'Leary DJ.  Effect of oxygen deprivation on corneal sensitivity.  Acta Ophthalmol 1980; 58:434-9.


  1. Mondino BJ, Groden LR.  Conjunctival hyperemia and corneal infiltrates with chemically disinfected soft contact lenses.  Arch Ophthalmol 1980; 98:1767-70.


  1. Mondino BJ, Weissman BA, Farb MD, et al.  Corneal ulcers associated with daily wear and extended wear contact lenses.  Am J Ophthalmol 1986; 102:58-65.


  1. Papas EB, Vajdic CM, Aust R, Holden BA.  High oxygen transmissibility soft contact lenses do not induce limbal hyperemia.  Curr Eye Res 1997; 16:942-8.


32.  Poggio ED, Glynn RJ, Schein OD, et al.  The incidence of ulcerative keratitis among users of daily wear and extended wear soft contact lenses.  New Engl J Med 1989; 321:779-83.


  1. Sarver MD.  Striate corneal lines among patients wearing hydrophilic contact lenses.  Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1971; 48:762-3.


34. Sarver MD, Harris MG.  A standard for success in wearing contact lenses.  American Journal of Optometry Archives American Academy of Optometry.  1971;48:382-5.


35.  Schein OD, Glynn RJ, Poggio ED, et al.  The relative risk of ulcerative keratitis among users of daily wear and extended wear soft contact lenses.  New Engl J Med 1989;  321:773-8.


  1. Schein OD, McNally JJ, Katz J, Chalmers RL, Tielsch JM, Alfonso E, Bullimore M, O’Day D, Shovlin J. The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30 day silicone hydrogel extended wear contact lens. Ophthalmology 2005:112:2172-2179.


  1. Schoessler JP, Woloschak MJ.  Corneal endothelium in veteran PMMA contact lens wearers.  Int Cont Lens Clin 1981; 8:19-25.


  1. Smelser G, Ozanics V.  Importance of atmospheric oxygen for maintenance of optical properties of the human cornea.  Science 1952; 115:140.


  1. Stehr-Green JK, Bailey TM, Visvesvara GS.  The epidemiology of Acanthamoeba keratitis in the United States.  Am J Ophthalmol 1989; 107:331-6.


  1. Stein RM, Clinch TE, Cohen EJ, et al.  Infected vs sterile corneal infiltrates in contact lens wearers.  Am J Ophthalmol 1988; 105:632-6.


  1. Stenson S.  Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis associated with soft contact lens wear.  Arch Ophthalmol 1983; 101:402-4.


  1. Sweeney DR.  Corneal exhaustion syndrome with long-term wear of contact lenses.  Optom Vis Sci 1992; 60:601-8.


  1. Weissman BA, Chun MW, Barnhart LA.  Corneal abrasion associated with contact lens correction of keratoconus - a retrospective study.  Optom Vis Sci 1994; 71:677-81.


  1. Zadnik K, Mutti DO.  Inferior arcuate corneal staining in soft contact lens wearers.  Int Cont Lens Clin 1985; 12:110-5.


  1. Zantos SG, Holden BA.  Transient endothelial changes soon after wearing soft contact lenses.  Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1977; 54:856-8.



(p. 67) Treatment Plan: Use Fusarium Cases to Emphasize Proper Lens Care, By Leo Semes, OD, FAAO











5. Houang E, Lam D, Fan D, Seal D. Microbial keratitis in Hong Kong: relationship to climate, environment and contact-lens disinfection. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2001; 95:361-7.


6. Wong TY, Fong KS, Tan DT. Clinical and microbial spectrum of fungal keratitis in Singapore: a 5-year retrospective study. Int Ophthalmol. 1997;21(3):127-30.


7. Cuero RG. Ecological distribution of Fusarium solani and its

opportunistic action related to mycotic keratitis in Cali,

Colombia. J Clin Microbiol 1980; 12: 455–61.


8. Rosa RH, Miller D, Alfonso EC. The changing spectrum of

fungal keratitis in Southern Florida. Ophthalmology 1994; 101:



9. Leck AK, Thomas PA, Hagan M et al. Aetiology of suppurative

corneal ulcer. Br J Ophthalmol 2002; 86: 1211–5.


10. Dursun D, Fernandez V, Miller D, Alfonso EC. Advanced fusarium keratitis progressing to endophthalmitis. Cornea. 2003; 22: 300-3.




12.  Choi DM, Goldstein MH, Salierno A, Driebe WT. Fungal keratitis in a daily disposable soft contact lens wearer. . CLAO J. 2001;27:111-2.


13.     Lin HC, Chu PH, Kuo YH, Shen SC. Clinical experience in managing Fusarium solani keratitis. Int J Clin Pract 2005; 59: 549-554.


14.   Dannelley KH, Waworuntu RV.  Effectiveness of contact lens disinfectants after lens storage.  Eye Contact Lens 2004; 30: 163–165.


15.  Lalitha P, Namperumalsamy VP, Kabra A, et al. Risk factors for treatment outcome in fungal keratitis. Ophthalmol 2006;113(4):526-30.