Contact Lens Spectrum

September 2006

Document #130




(p. 23) Discovering Dry Eye: IgA through IgM: A Closer Look at Tear Proteins, By Julia Rae Geldis, OD, & Jason Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD


  1. Tsai P S, Evans J E, Green K M , Sullivan R M, Schaumberg D A, Richards S M , Dana M R, Sullivan D A  Proteomic analysis of human meibomian gland secretions Br J Ophthalmol 2006;90:372–377.


  1. Oktay K. Gasymov, Adil R. Abduragimov, Pawan Prasher, Taleh N. Yusifov, and Ben J. Glasgow Tear Lipocalin: Evidence for a Scavenging Function to Remove Lipids from the Human Corneal Surface Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 2005;46:3589-3596.


  1. Grus F. Can lens care solutions change the protein composition of the tear film in contact lens wearers? New analytic technology is helping answer this question. Contact Lens Spectrum. November 2005;



(p. 29) The Latest Research and Treatment Options for Lens-related Dry Eye, By Kelly Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD, & Jason Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD


  1. Begley  CG, Caffery B, et al. Responses of contact lens wearers to a dry eye survey.  Optom Vis Sci 2000;77: 40-6.
  2. Begley CG, Chalmers RL, et al.  Characterization of ocular surface symptoms from optometric practices in  North America. Cornea 2001;20: 610-8.
  3. Begley CG, Himebaugh N, Renner D,  Liu H, Chalmers R, Simpson T, Varikooty J.  Tear breakup dynamics: a technique for quantifying tear film  instability.
    Optom Vis Sci. 2006 Jan;83(1):15-21.
  4. Brennan NA and  Efron N. Symptomatology of HEMA contact lens wear. Optom Vis Sci 1989;66:  834-8.
  5. Doughty MJ, Fonn D, et al. A patient questionnaire approach to  estimating the prevalence of dry eye symptoms in patients presenting to  optometric practices across Canada. Optom Vis Sci 1997;74:  624-31.
  6. Guillon M, Styles E, et al. Preocular tear film characteristics  of nonwearers and soft contact lens wearers. Optom Vis Sci 1997;74:  273-9.
  7. Goto E. Quantification of tear interference image: tear fluid  surface nanotechnology.
    Cornea. 2004 Nov;23(8 Suppl):S20-4.
  8. Lemp MA.  Report of the National Eye Institute/Industry workshop on Clinical Trials in  Dry Eyes. Clao J 1995;21: 221-32.
  9. King-Smith PE, Fink BA, et al. The  thickness of the human precorneal tear film: evidence from reflection  spectra. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2000;41: 3348-59.
  10. King-Smith PE, Fink BA, Nichols JJ, Nichols KK, Hill RM. Interferometric imaging of the full thickness of the precorneal tear  film.J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis.  <javascript:AL_get(this,%20'jour',%20'J%20Opt%20Soc%20Am%20A%20Opt%20Image%20Sci%20Vis.');>   2006 Sep;23(9):2097-104.
  11. Nichols JJ, Sinnott LT. Tear film, contact lens, and patient-related factors associated with  contact lens-related dry eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Apr;47(4):1319-28.
    Nichols JJ, Ziegler C, et al. Self-reported  dry eye disease across refractive modalities. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci  2005;46: 1911-4.
  12. Pritchard N, Fonn D, et al. Discontinuation of contact  lens wear: a survey. ICLC 1999;26: 157-162.
  13. Schlanger JL. A study of  contact lens failures. J Am Optom Assoc 1993;64: 220-224.
  14. Vajdic C,  Holden BA, Sweeney DF, Cornish RM. The frequency of ocular symptoms during spectacle and daily soft and  rigid contact lens wear.
    Optom Vis Sci. 1999 Oct;76(10):705-11.
  15. Wang J, Fonn D, Simpson TL, Jones L. Precorneal and  pre- and postlens tear film thickness measured indirectly with optical  coherence tomography. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003  Jun;44(6):2524-8.


(p. 39) Piggyback Lens Systems for Keratoconus, By Jill J. Rodio-Vivadelli, OD, FAAO, & Ralph Gundel, OD, FAAO


  1. Gundel RE, Libassi DP. Keratoconus: Diagnosis and Management. In Scheid TR (ed.). Clinical Manual of Specialized Contact Lens Prescribing. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2002: 87-102.


  1. Westerhout D. The combination lens and therapeutic uses of soft lenses.

Contact Lens 1973; 4:3-9.


  1. Baldone JA. The fitting of hard lenses onto soft contact lenses in certain diseased

conditions. Contact Lens Med Bul 1973; 6(2-3):15-17.


  1. Polse KA, Decker MR, Sarver MD. Soft and hard contact lenses worn in

combination. Am J Optom Physiol Optics 1977; 54:660-665.


  1. Fatt I. Oxygen transmissibility considerations for a hard-soft contact lens

combination. Am J Optom Physiol Optics 1977; 54:666-672.


  1. Giasson CJ, Perreault N, Brazeau D. Oxygen tension beneath piggyback contact

lenses and clinical outcomes of users. CLAO J 2001; 27:144-150.


  1. Baldone JA. Piggyback fitting of contact lenses. CLAO J 1985; 11(2):130-134.


  1. Kok JH, VanMil C. Piggyback lenses in keratoconus. Cornea 1993; 12(1):60-64.


  1. Heyman LS. Corneal and Scleral Contact Lenses. St. Louis: Mosby, 1967:122.


  1. O’Donnell C. A hyper-Dk piggyback contact lens system for keratoconus. Eye

and Contact Lens 2004; 30(1):44-48.


  1. Weissman BA, Chun MW, Barnhart LA. Corneal abrasion associated with contact

lens correction of keratoconus—a retrospective study. Optom Vis Sci

1994; 71(11):677-681.


  1. Kennedy RH, Bourne WM, Dyer JA. A 48-year clinical and epidemiological study of keratoconus.  Am J Ophthalmol 1986; 101:267-273.


  1. Tuft SJ, Moodaley LC, Gregory WM, et al. Prognostic factors for the progression of keratoconus. Opthalmology 1994; 101:439-447.


  1. Crew MJ, Driebe WT, Stern GA. The clinical management of keratoconus: a 6 year retrospective study. CLAO J 1994; 20:194-197.


  1. Smiddy WE, Hamburg TR, Kracher GP, Stark WJ. Keratoconus: contact lens or keratoplasty? Ophthalmology 1988; 95L487-492.


  1. Yeung K, Eghbali F, Weissman BA. Clinical experience with piggyback contact lens systems on keratoconic eyes. J Am Optom Assoc 1995; 66(9):539-543.


  1. Tsubota K et al. A piggyback contact lens for the correction of irregular

astigmatism in keratoconus. Ophthalmology 1994; 101(1):134-139.



(p. 52) Treatment Plan: Caring for Bullous Keratopathy, By William L. Miller, OD, PhD, FAAO


  1. Knezovic I, Dekaris I, Gabric N, Cerovski J, Barisic A, Bosnar D, Rastegorac P, Parac A. Therapeutic efficacy of 5% NaCl hypertonic solution in patients with bullous keratopathy. Coll Antropol. 2006 Jun;30(2):405-8.