Contact Lens Spectrum

July 2007

Document #140




(p. 21) Dry Eye Dx and Tx: Staining the Dry Eye, By William Townsend, OD


Feenstra RPG, Tseng SCG. What is actually stained by rose bengal? Arch Ophthalmol 110:984-993,1992.


Wilson H. ; Laurent J. Corneal epithelial fluorescein staining. J. Am. Optom. Assoc.  1995, vol. 66, no7, pp. 435-441 


Kim J, Foulks GN: Evaluation of the effect of lissamine green and rose bengal on human corneal epithelial cells. Cornea 1999;18:328-332.


Manning F. J. ; Wehrly S. R. ; Foulks G. N.  Patient tolerance and ocular surface staining characteristics of lissamine green versus Rose Bengal.

1995, vol. 102, no12, pp. 1953-1957


Gilbard, JP. Dry eye: Natural history, diagnosis and treatment

Optometric Management,  Feb 2002  pp2-8




(p. 23) Contact Lens Care: Another Solution Recall: Is This the End of No Rub? By Michael A. Ward, MMSc, FAAO


  1. Acanthamoeba Keratitis – Multiple States, 2005-2007. MMWR 56(dispatch);1-3, May 26, 2007.


  1. Epidemiological Characteristics of a Chicago area Acanthamoeba keratitis outbreak. CE Joslin, EY Tu, et al. AJO 142 (2);212, 2006.






(p. 24) Managing Inflammatory Corneal Disease, by Tammy P. Than, MS, OD, FAAO


  1. Colatrella N, Daniel TE.  Crack eye syndrome, J Am Optom Assoc 1999;70(3):193-7.


  1. Connell P, O’reilly J, Coughlan S, Collum L, Power W.  The role of common ocular viral pathogens in Thygeson’s superficial punctate keratitis, Br J Ophthalmol 2007 (Epub abstract only).


  1. Corneal Infections, Inflammations, and Surface Disorders.  In:  Rapuano C, Heng W, ed. Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology.  McGraw-Hill: 2003:148-207. 


  1. Moshirfar M, Marx DP, Barsam CA, Mohebali J, Mamalis N.  Salzmann’s-like nodular degeneration following laser in situ keratomileusis, J Cataract Refract Surg 2005;31(10):2021-5. 


  1. Nagra P, Rapuano C, Cohen E, Laibson P.  Thygeson’s superficial punctate keratitis:  ten years’ experience, Ophthalmology 2004;111(1):34-7.


  1. Pilon AF, Scheiffle J.  Ulcerative keratitis associated with crack-cocaine abuse, Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2006;29(5):263-7.


  1. Reinhard T, Sundmacher R. Topical cyclosporine A in Thygeson’s superficial punctuate keratitis, Graefe’s Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 1999;237:109-112.


  1. Sachs R, Zagelbaum BM, Hersh PS.  Corneal complications associated with the use of crack cocaine, Ophthalmology 1993;100(2):187-91. 


9.       Taherian K, Shekarchian M, Taylor R. Fascicular keratitis in children:  can corneal phlycten be mobile. Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2005;33:531-540.



(p. 41) Improving Underwater Vision, By Brian Chou, OD, Jerome A. Legerton, OD, & Jim Schwiegerling, PhD


1.  Katzir G, Howland HC. Corneal power and underwater accommodation in great cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbon sinensis). J Exper Biol. 2003;206:833-841.


2.  Walls GL. The vertebrate eye and its adaptive radiation. 1942. The Cranbrook Press. Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.






5.  Gislén A, Dacke M, Kröger RH, et al. Superior underwater vision in a human population of sea gypsies. Current Biology, Vol. 13, 833-836, May 13, 2003.


6.  Diefenbach CB, Soni PS, Gillespie BJ, Pence N. Extended wear contact lens movement under swimming pool conditions. Am J Optom Physiol Optics 1988;65(9):710-6.


7. Legerton, J. Prescribing for water sports, in: “Sports Vision” Optometry Clinics, Volume 3, Number 1, edited by John Classé. Published by Appleton & Lange, 1998, pp. 91-110.




9.  Sivak JG, Howland HC, West J, et al. The eye of the hooded seal, Cystophora cristata, in air and water. J Comp Physiol, 1989 Oct;165(6):771-7.


10.  Sivak J, Howland HC, McGill-Harelstad P. Vision of the Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) in air and water. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1987 Jan 22; 229(1257):467-72.


11.  Chynn EW, Talamo JH, Seligman MS. Acanthamoeba keratitis: is water exposure a true risk factor? The CLAO Journal. 1997, vol 23(1):55-56.


12. Sibley MJ, Dabezies OH Jr. Soft lens hygiene. Contact lenses. The CLAO guide to basic science and clinical practice.  Orlando, Fla: Grune & Stratton, 1984;40.1-40.15.


13. Baines MG, Cai F, Backman HA. Adsorption and removal of protein bound to hydrogel contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 1990;67:807-10.



(p. 35) Comparing Multifocals and Monovision, By William J. Benjamin, OD, MS, PhD


1.      Benjamin WJ. Stereopsis in Presbyopia:  Comparison of Monovision and Wear of Balanced Progressive Multifocal Contact Lenses. Report of Clinical Study submitted to Cooper Vision Corporation, June 1, 2006.

2.      Benjamin WJ, Borish IM. Correction of Presbyopia with Contact Lenses. Chapter 28 in:  Benjamin WJ (ed.) Borish’s Clinical Refraction, 2nd Edition. Elsevier Medical Publications, St. Louis MO; pp. 1274-319, 2006.

3.      Pence NA. Modified trivision, a modified monovision technique specifically for trifocal candidates. Int Cont Lens Clin 14(12):484-7, 1987.

4.      Peyre C, Fumery L, Gatinel D. Comparison of higher-order optical aberrations induced by different multifocal contact lens geometries. J Fr Ophtalmol 28(6):599-604, 2005.

5.      Richdale K, Mitchell GL, Zadnik K. Comparison of multifocal and monovision soft contact lens corrections in patients with low-astigmatic presbyopia. Optom Vis Sci 83(5):266-73, 2006.

6.      Sheedy JE, et al. Binocular vs. monocular task performance. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 63(10):839-46, 1986.

7.      Sheedy JE, et al. Task performance with base-in and base-out prism. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 65(2):65-9, 1988.

8.      Situ P, Fonn D, Simpson T. Successful monovision contact lens wearers refitted with bifocal contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens 29(3):181-4, 2003.

9.      Thibos LN, Himebaugh NL, Coe CD. Wavefront Refraction. Chapter 19 in:  Benja-min WJ (ed.) Borish’s Clinical Refraction, 2nd Edition. Elsevier Medical Publications, St. Louis MO; pp. 765-89, 2006.

10.  Westin E, Wich B, Harris RB. Factors influencing success of monovision contact lens fitting: survey of contact lens diplomats. Optometry 71:757-63, 2000.



(p. 35) Contact Lens Practice Pearls: Another Look at Daily Disposable Lenses, By Thomas G. Quinn, OD, MS, FAAO


1. Morgan P et al. International Contact Lens Prescribing in 2006. Contact Lens Spectrum 22(1): 34-38, 2007.

2. Bailey G, Shovlin J. Review of Cornea and Contact Lenses, March 2006.



(p. 50) Readers’ Forum: Acanthamoeba Keratitis in 2007: Stay Informed but Calm, By Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd


1.  Acanthamoeba: Clinical management, contact lens patient compliance and reporting.  AOA News, April 16, 2007: 15-18. 

2.  Schaumberg DA, Snow KK, Dana MR.  The epidemic of Acanthamoeba keratitis: where do we stand?  Cornea  1998;17:3-10.

3.  Stehr-Green JK, Bailey TM, Visvesvara GS.  The epidemiology of Acanthamoeba keratitis in the United States.  Am J Ophthalmol  1989;107:331-336.

4.  Acanthamoeba Keratitis - Multiple states, 2005-2007.  MMWR Dispatch, Vol 56, May 26, 2007.  Accessed via:

5.  Joslin CE, Tu EY, McMahon TT, et al.  Epidemiological characteristics of a Chicago-area Acanthamoeba keratitis outbreak.  Am J Ophthalmol  2006;142(2):212-217.

6.  Guttman C.  Acanthamoeba keratitis increasing at alarming rate.  Ophthalmol Times  Jan. 1, 2006.

7.  Awwad S, Petrell W, McCulley J, Cavanagh H.  Updates in Acanthamoeba keratitis.  Eye Contact Lens  2007;33(1):1-8. 

8.  Seal DV, Kirkness CM, Bennett HG, Peterson M.  Acanthamoeba keratitis in Scotland: risk factors for contact lens wearers.  Cont Lens Anterior Eye  1999;22:58-68. 

9.  Lee JE, Hahn TW, Ourn BS, et al.  Acanthamoeba and orthokeratology  Int Ophthalmol  2007;March 22. 

10.  Wilhelmus KR.  Acanthamoeba keratitis during orthokeratology.  Cornea  2005;24(7):864-866.

11.  Watt K, Swarbrick HA.  Microbial keratitis in overnight orthokeratology: review of the first 50 cases.  Eye & Contact lens: Science & Clinical Practice  2005;31(5):201-208.

12.  Hsiao CH (need co-authors).  Infectious keratitis related to overnight orthokeratology.  Cornea  2005;24(7):783-788.

13.  Xuguang S (need coauthors).  Acanthamoeba keratitis as a complication of orthokeratology.  Am J Ophthalmol  2003;136(6):1159-1161.

14.  Kilvington S, Gray t, Dart J, et al.  Acanthamoeba keratitis: the role of domestic tap water contamination in the UNited Kingdom.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci  2004;45:165-169. 

15.  Schein OD, McNally JJ, Katz J, et al.  The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of 30-day silicone hydrogel extended-wear contact lens.  Ophthalmol  2005;112:2172-2179.

16.  Stapleton F, Stretton S, Papas E, et al.  Silicone hydrogel contact lenses and the ocular surface.  Ocul Surf  2006;4:24-43.

17.  Advanced medical Optics voluntarily recalls Complete MoisturePlus contact lens solution.   FDA News  May 26, 2007.  Accessed from:

18.  Shoff M, Rogerson A, Schatz S, Seal D.  Variable responses of Acanthamoeba strains to three multipurpose lens cleaning solutions.  Optom Vis Sci  2007;84(3):202-207.

19.  Borazjani RN, Kilvington S.  Efficacy of multipurpose solutions against Acanthamoeba species.  Contact Lens & Anterior Eye  2005;28:169-175. 

20.  Borazjani RN, Kilvington S.  Effect of a multipurpose contact lens solution on the survival and binding of Acanthamoeba species on contact lenses examined with a no-rub regimen.  Eye & Contact Lens  2005;31(1):39-45.

21.  Snyder C.  Lens care complications-Where's the rub?  Contact Lens & Anterior Eye  2006;29:161-162.

22.  Shih KL, Hu JC, Sibley MJ.  The microbiological benefit of cleaning and rinsing contact lenses.  Int Cont Lens Clin  1985;12(4):235-242.

23.  Bennett ES.  Contact lens care and compliance:  Has it changed since the fusarium scare?  Rev Optom  2007;144(5):

24.  FDA/CDRH website.  Premarket Notification FDA (510{k}).  Guidance Document for Contact Lens Care Products.  Available at: May 1, 1997.

25.  International Standards Organization ISO 14729.  Ophthalmic Optics - Contact Lens Care products.  Microbiological requirements and test methods for products and regimens for hygienic management of contact lenses, 2001. 

26.  Seal DV, Bennett ES, McFadyen AK, et al.  Differential adherence of Acanthamoeba to contact lenses: effects of material characteristics.  Optom Vis Sci  1995;72:23-28. 

27.  Fleiszig SMJ.  The pathogenesis if contact lens-related keratitis.  Optom Vis Sci  2006;83(12):E866-E873.