Contact Lens Spectrum

December  2008

Document #157





(p. 19) Contact Lens Materials: The Meaning of Hyperpermeability, By William J. Benjamin, OD, MS, PhD


1. Benjamin WJ. EOP and Dk/L: the quest for hyper transmissibility. J Am Opt Assoc 1993;64(3):196-200.

2. Holden BA, Mertz GW. Critical oxygen levels to avoid corneal edema for daily and extended wear contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1984; 25(10):1161-1167.

3. Harvitt DM, Bonanno JA. Re-evaluation of the oxygen diffusion model for pre-dicting minimum contact lens Dk/t values needed to avoid corneal anoxia. Optom Vis Sci 1999; 76(10):712-719.

4. Cohen JE, Small C. Hypsographic demography:  The distribution of human population by altitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 1998; 95:14009-14014.



(p. 20) Contact Lens Materials: Clinical Pearls and Greater Hyperpermeability, By William J. Benjamin, OD, MS, PhD


1. Hill RM. The evolution of factor “L”. International Contact Lens Clinic 1989; 16 (5):152-153.

2. Richardson SS, Benjamin WJ. Oxygen profiles and contact lens design. Con-tact Lens Spectrum 1993; 205(5387):19-23.

3. Benjamin WJ, Snyder C. How much oxygen is enough? International Contact Lens Clinic 2003; 27(5):165-169.

4. Fatt I. Gas transmission properties of soft contact lenses. In:  Ruben M (ed.) Soft Contact Lenses – Clinical and Applied Technology. Tindall, London and Wiley, New York; 1978; pp. 83-110.

5. Benjamin WJ. EOP and Dk/L: the quest for hyper transmissibility. J Am Opt Assoc 1993;64(3):196-200.

6. Richardson SS, Benjamin WJ. The age of “super-” and “hyper-transmissibility.” The Optician 1993; 8(3):57-58.

7. Benjamin WJ. Oxygen transport through contact lenses. In:  Guillon M, Ruben CM (eds.) Textbook of Contact Lens Practice. Chapman & Hall, publisher, Lon-don U.K.; 1994; pp. 43-70.



(p. 23) Cultivating Compliance: When is it a Compliance Issue, by Gloria B. Chiu, OD, & Timothy B. Edrington, OD, MS, FAAO


  1. Carnt N, Willcox MDP, Evans V, Naduvilath TJ, Tilia D, Papas EB, Sweeney DF, Holden BA. Corneal staining: The IER Matrix Study. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2007 Sept; 22:38-43.


  1. Garofalo RJ, Dassanayake N, Carey C, Stein J, Stone R, David R. Corneal staining and subjective symptoms with multipurpose solutions as a function of time. Eye Contact Lens. 2005 Jul; 31:166-74.


  1. McMonnies CW. Incomplete blinking: exposure keratopathy, lid wiper epitheliopathy, dry eye, refractive surgery, and dry contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2007 Mar; 30:37-51. Epub 2007 Jan 23. Review.



(p. 33) Satisfying Boomers and Boomlets with Lenses, By Susan J. Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO


1.         U.S. Census Bureau.  2005 American Community Survey.   


2.         Foot, DK.  Two thirds of everything.  In:  Boom, Bust, and Echo 2000, Macfarlane, Walter, and Ross, Toronto. 1998: 9-14.


3.         Smith JW.  In:  Rocking the Ages, Harper Business, Norwalk, Connecticut, 1997.


4.         Braus P.  The baby boom at mid-decade.  American Demographics, April 1995.


5.         Bruch M.  Appealing to aging hipsters.  Eye Bus 2001(12): 37.


6.         Pieper B.  Reaching baby boomers: 2020 and beyond.  Optom 2006(1): 141-142.


7.         De Long S.  Retail beat.  Eye Bus 2001(12): 12.


8.         Mediamark Research, Inc.  Fall 1999 Survey.


9.         In:  Generation Y.  Business Week Online, February 15, 1999.


10.       Spiezio A.  Beyond pester power.  Eye Bus 2002(6): 80.


11.       Jayson S.  Generation Y gets involved., October 24, 2006.


12.       Hira NA.  Attracting the twentysomething worker.  Fortune Mag, May 15, 2007;


13.       Hofman M.  “Upstarts:  Tapping Generation Y.”  In:  Inc. Magazine, December 1, 1999.


14.       Armour S.  Generation Y:  they’ve arrived at work with a new attitude.  USA,  November 6, 2005.


15.       Walline JJ, Jones LA, Mutti DO, et al.  A randomized trial of the effects of rigid  contact lenses on myopia progression.  Arch Ophthalmol. 2004;122:1760-1766.



(p. 44) The Contact Lens Exam: Don’t Let Early Studies Sway You from Using New Technology, By Loretta B. Szczotka-Flynn, OD, MS, FAAO


  1. Fiona Stapleton, Lisa Keay, Katie Edwards, Thomas Naduvilath, John K. G. Dart, Garry Brian, Brien A. Holden. The Incidence of Contact Lens–Related Microbial Keratitis in Australia.   Ophthalmology 2008;115:1655–1662.


  1. J. K. G. Dart, C. Radford, D. Minassian, S. Verma, F. Stapleton.  Risk Factors for Microbial Keratitis with Contemporary Contact Lenses. A Case-Control Study. Ophthalmology 2008;115:1647–1654.


  1. Keay L, Radford C, Dart JK, et al. Perspective on 15 years of research: reduced risk of microbial keratitis with frequent replacement contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens 2007;33:167– 8.




(p. 48) Treatment Plan: A Pair of Anterior Corneal Dystrophies, By William Miller, OD, PhD, FAAO



1. Kobayashi A and Sugiyama K. In vivo laser confocal microscopy findings for Bowman's layer dystrophies (Thiel-Behnke and Reis-Bücklers corneal dystrophies). Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan;114(1):69-75


2. Miller A, Solomon R, Bloom A, Palmer C, Perry HD, Donnenfeld ED. Prevention of recurrent Reis-Bücklers dystrophy following excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy with topical mitomycin C. Cornea. 2004 Oct;23(7):732-5.