Contact Lens Spectrum

August 2008

Document #153





(p. 19) Contact Lens Materials: Defining Hypertransmissibility of a Contact Lens, By William J. Benjamin, OD, MS, PhD


1. Benjamin WJ. EOP and Dk/L: the quest for hyper transmissibility. J Am Opt Assoc 1993;64(3):196-200.

2. Holden BA, Mertz GW. Critical oxygen levels to avoid corneal edema for daily and extended wear contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1984; 25(10):1161-1167.

3. ANSI Z80.20:2004 American National Standard for Ophthalmics – Contact Lenses – Standard Terminology, Tolerances, Measurements, and Physico-chemical Properties.

4. ISO 18369-1:2006 Optics and optical instruments - Contact lenses – Contact lens terminology, tolerances, measurement, and physicochemistry – Part 1:  Con-tact lens terminology.




(p. 20) Dry Eye Dx and Tx: Managing Dry Eye in Specialty Lens Patients, by Ann Laurenzi, OD, FAAO


Bowling E.  Contact Lens-Related Dry Eye, Treatment tips for a common condition.  Review of Optometry pp 48-52.


Cohen SM et al.  Prospective Case History of study using Systane R   Lubricant Eye Drops to Help Reduce Symptoms of Dry Eye Associated with Contact Lens Wear.

AOA Poster 2004.


Lievens CW et al.  The effect of multipurpose solutions on the ocular surface.  Eye Contact lens 2006; 32:8-11.

Gupta D.  Keep Dry eye patients in Contact Lenses.  CLS July 2005.


Lebow KA.  Can a Lens drop Minimize Deposits and Increase Comfort?.  CLS Nov 2003.

Nichols K.  Study of Lubricating Eye Drops Offers Interesting Conclusions.  CLS 2004.


Szczotka-Flynn L.  Chemical Properties of Contact Lens Rewetters.  CLS April 2006.


Ward M.  Beware of Side Effects from Generic Artificial Tears.  CLS Sept 2004.


Ward M.  Lubricating Drops May Improve or Worsen Lens-Related Dry Eye.  CLS May 2004.




(p. 30) Practical Applications of the Staining Studies, By Mile Brujic, OD


  1. Rah M.  A Review of Corneal and Conjunctival Stains.  Contact Lens Spectrum.  2006.(\2006\december\1206048.htm)
  2. Garofalo R, Dassanayake D, Carey C, Stein J, Stone R, David R. Corneal Staining and Subjective Symptoms with Multipurpose Solutions as a Function of Time. Eye & Contact Lens 2005;31(4): 166-174.
  3. Epstein A.B. SPK with Daily Wear of Silicone Hydrogel Lenses and MPS. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2002;17(11): 30.
  4. Andrasko G, Ryen K.  A Series of Evaluations of MPS and Silicone Hydrogel Lens Combinations.  2007; March: 36-42.
  6. Carnt N, Wilcox M, Evans V, Naduvilath T, Tilia D, Papas E, Sweeney D, Holden B. Corneal Staining: The IER Matrix Study. Contact Lens Spectrum 2007;22(9):38.
  7. Carnt N, Wilcox M, Evans V, Naduvilath T, Tilia D, Papas E, Holden B.  IER Matrix Update: Adding Another Silicone Hydrogel.  Contact Lens Spectrum 2008; March: 40-43.



(p. 34) No-Fee CE: Educating Patients about Ultraviolet Radiation, By Stephen Cohen, OD


1.         Vistakon UV Advisory Panel Meeting, August, 2007; Jacksonville, Florida

2.         Transitions Optical Inc. Market Survey. March 9-13, 2006 I.C.R., Media, Pa.

3.         Smith, RC, Prezelin BB, Baker KS, et al. Ozone depletion: ultraviolet radiation and phytoplankton biology in Antarctic waters.  Science 1992 Feb 21;255(5047):952-93

4.           Caldwell MM, Bjorn, LO, Berman JF, Tevini M, et al.  Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on terrestrial ecosystems.  J Photochem Photobiol B, 1998 Oct(46):40-52

5.         Sheedy J, Edick RF.  Ultraviolet eye radiation; the problem and solutions.  J Long Term EA EA Med Implants, 2004; 14(1): 67-71.

6.         Taylor HR, West S, Munoz B, et al.  The long-term effects of visible light on the eye.  Arch of Ophthalmol, 1992. Jan; 110(1):99-104.

7.         World Health Organization.  Ultraviolet Radiation: Global Solar UV Index. Fact Sheet 271 available at: (Accessed April 2008).

8.         National Women’s Health Resource Center. Fun Facts For Your Health: The Sun and Your Eyes. Available at (Accessed April 2008)

9.         Sasaki, Hiroshi. UV Exposure  111th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Ophthalmological Society in Osaka, Japan, May, 2007.

10.       Kwok, LS, Kuznetsov VA; Ho A, et al.  Prevention of the adverse phtoic effects of peripheral light-focusing using UV-blocking contact lenses.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2003 Apr:44(4);1501-7.

11.       Coroneo MT, Muller-Stolzneberg NW, Ho A.  Peripheral light focusing by the anterior eye and the ophthalmoheliosis.  Ophthalmic Surg 1991, Dec 22(12): 705-11.

12.       McCarthy, CA, Fu CL, Taylor HR. Epidemiology of pterygium in Victoria, Australia.  Br J Ophthamol 2000 Mar:84(3):289-92.13.      McCarthy, CA. Nanjan MB, Taylor HB.  Attributable risk estimates for cataracts to prioritize medical and public health action.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2000, Nov;41(12):3720-5.

14.       Vistakon Market Research Study. November, 2005; Jacksonville, Fla.

15.       The 2006 Gallup Study of the Contact Lens Market.  November, 2006.

16.       Butler, DB, Geller AG, Cantor M, et al. Sun protection policies and environmental features in US elementary schools. Arch Dermatol 2002.Jun;138(6):771-4.

17.       Schnider CM.  UV protection and summer preparation. Rev Cornea Contact Lenses. Apr 2006;(4)36-38.

18.       Isotretinoin (Accutane). Drug Facts and Comparisons, 10th edition, 2006;1151-58.

19.       Tetracylcine. Drug Facts and Comparisons, 10th Edition, 2006; 889-95.

20.       West SK, Longstreth JD, Munoz BE, et al. Model of cortical cataracts in the US population with exposure to increased ultraviolet radiation due to stratospheric ozone depletion. Am J Epidemiol 2005 Dec 1:162(11):1080-8.

21.       US Environmental Protection Agency.  UV Index Scale.  Available at (Accessed April, 2008)

22.       AOA News, April 28, 2008.  Survey shows Americans lack critical eye health information.  NEI-Lions survey available at




(p. 48) Treatment Plan: A Case of Globe Subluxation, By William L. Miller, OD, PhD, FAAO


1. Apostolopoulos M, Papaspirou A, Damanakis A, Theodossiadis G, Moschos M.

Bilateral optic neuropathy associated with voluntary globe luxation and floppy eyelid syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004 Oct;122(10):1555-6


2. Tse DT A simple maneuver to reposition a subluxed globe Arch Ophthalmol. 2000 Mar;118(3):410-1



(p. 50) Readers’ Forum: Commenting on the FDA Panel Meeting on Lens Solutions, by Milton Hom, OD, FAAO


1. Penn Schoen & Berland Associates, market study September 2006.


3. Rosenthal RA, Henry CL, SchlechBA. Contribution of regimen steps to disinfection of hydrophilic contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. Sep 2004;27(3):149-156.

4. Radford C, et al. Risk factors for acanthamoeba keratitis in contact lens users: a

case-control study. BMJ 1995;310:1567-1570.

5. Joslin CE, Tu EY, Shoff ME, The association of contact lens solution use and acanthamoeba keratitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Aug;144(2):169-180.

6. Fleiszig SMJ. The pathogenesis of CL-related keratitis.  OVS 2005;83(12):866-873.

7. Andrasko GJ. Ryen KA. A series of evaluations of MPS and silicone hydrogel lens combinations. Review of Cornea and Contact Lenses. March 2007.

8. Garofolo RJ. Dassanayake N.  Carey C. Corneal staining and subjective symptoms with mulit-purpose solutions as a function of time. Eye and Contact Lens. 2005;31(4): 166-174.

9.  Kislan T. An evaluation of corneal staining with 2 multipurpose solutions. AOA Poster 2008.

10. Mowrey-McKee, M. George, M. Contact Lens Solution Efficacy Against Acanthamoeba castellani. Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice. 33(5):211-215, September 2007.

11. Hughes R, Kilvington S: Comparison of Hydrogen Peroxide Contact Lens Disinfection Systems and Solutions against Acanthamoeba polyphaga. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy: 2038-2043,  2001.

12. Borazjani R.N., Kilvington S: Efficacy of multipurpose solutions against Acanthamoeba species.Contact Lens & Anterior Eye 28: 169-175, 2005

13. Borazjani R, Kilvington S: Effect of a Multipurpose Contact Lens Solution on the Survival and Binding of Acanthamoeba Species on Contact Lenses Examined With a No-Rub Regimen. Eye & Contact Lens 3(11): 39-45, 2005



(p. 52) Readers’ Forum: Personalize Your Care System Recommendation, By Glenda Secor, OD, FAAO


1. Viability of acanthamoeba after exposure to a multipurpose disinfecting contact lens solution and two hydrogen peroxide systems. 2002. K Hit, J Walochnik, EM Haller-Schober, C Faschinger, & H Aspock. British journal of ophthalmology, 86, 144-146.

2. Data on file at AMO