Contact Lens Spectrum

August 2009

Document #165





(pp. 14-15) Letters to the Editor:


“Soft Bifocal Lenses and Myopia Progression,” By Susan G. Rodgin, OD, FAAO


1. Rodgin S. Preventable myopic progression. Am Acad Optom 2001. poster #93
2. Aller T., Grisham D. Myopia progression control using bifocal contact lenses. Am
Acad Optom 2000. poster #92


“A Caution Against Peroxide Use,” By William B. Potter, OD


"Comparison of Hydrogen Peroxide Contact Lens Disinfection Systems and Solutions Against Acanthamoeba polyphaga,"  Reanne Hughes and Simon Kivlington, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, July 2001, pp. 2038-2043.


“Dr. Joslin’s Response:”


Shoff ME, Joslin CE, Tu EY, Kubatko L, Fuerst PA. Efficacy of contact lens systems against recent clinical and tap water Acanthamoeba isolates. Cornea. Jul 2008;27(6):713-719.




(p. 16) Point/Counterpoint: The Prognosis of GP Lenses


“What GP Decline?” By Eef van der Worp, BOptom, PhD, FAAO, FIACLE, FBCLA


Efron, Nathan and Morgan, Philip B. and Hill, Elizabeth A. and Raynor,

Mathew K. and Tullo, Andrew B. (2005) Incidence and morbidity of

hospital-presenting corneal infiltrative events associated with contact lens

wear. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 88(4). pp. 232-239.


F. Stapleton, T. Naduvilath, Y. Wu, N. Carnt, L. Keay, K. Edwards, A. Ho

(2009) The Risk of Vision Loss in Contact Lens Wear and Following LASIK.

ARVO presentation May 04, 2009 9:45 AM -10:00 AM. Program number: 1247.




(p. 19) Prescribing for Astigmatism: The Benefits of Corneal Cross-Linking for Keratoconus, By Vishakha Thakrar, OD, FAAO



1.       Kymionis GD, Diakonis VF, Kalyvianaki M, Portaliou D, Siganos C, Kozobolis VP, Pallikaris AI. One-year follow-up of corneal confocal microscopy after corneal cross-linking in patients with post laser in situ keratosmileusis ectasia and keratoconus. Am J Ophthalmol 2009;147:774-778.

2.      Vinciguerra P, Albe E, Trazza S, Rosetta P, Vinciguerra R, Seiler T, Epstein D. Refractive, topographic, tomographic and aberrometric analysis of keratoconic eyes undergoing corneal cross-linking. Ophthalmology 2009;116:369-378.

3.      Wollensak G, Spoerl E, Seiler T. Riboflavin/ultraviolet-A-induced collagen crosslinking for the treatment of keratoconus. Am J Ophthalmol 2003;135:620-627.

4.      Wollensak G. Crosslinking treatment of progressive keratoconus: new hope. Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2006;17:356-360.

5.      Kohlhaas M. Collagen crosslinking with riboflavin and UVA-light in keratoconus. Ophthalmologe. 2008;105(8):785-796.

6.      Raiskup-Wolf F, Hoyer A, Spoerl E, Pillunat LE. Collagen crosslinking with riboflavin and ultraviolet-A light in keratoconus: long=term results. J Cataract Refact Surg. 2008;35(5):796-801.

7.      Hafezi F, Mrochen M, Iseli HP, Seiler T. Collagen crosslinking with ultraviolet-A and hypoosmolar riboflavin solution in thin corneas. J Cataract Refract Surg 2009;35:621-624.


(p. 21) Contact Lens Materials: What Contact Lens Materials are Patients Wearing? By Kathy Dumbleton, MSc, MCOptom, FAAO, & Lyndon Jones, PhD, FCOptom, FAAO


1. Nichols J. Contact Lenses 2008. Contact Lens Spectrum 2009;24:1 24-32.

2. Morgan P, Woods C, Tranoudis I et al. International contact lens prescribing 2008. Contact Lens Spectrum 2009;24:2 28-32.

3. Dumbleton K, Woods C, Jones L et al. Patient and practitioner compliance with silicone hydrogel and daily disposable lens replacement in the United States. Eye Contact Lens 2009;35:164-171.




(p. 23) Contact Lens Care and Compliance: A New Technology in Lens Care, By Susan J. Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO


1.       Personal communication, Ralph Stone, June 3, 2009.

2.      Personal communication, Alan Burris, March 28, 2009.





(p. 33) No-Fee CE: Fitting Kids With Contact Lenses, By Pauline Cho, PhD, FAAO, FCBLA, & Sin Wan Cheung, MPhil, FAAO


1.                 Boost MV, Cho P. Microbial flora of tears of orthokeratology patients, and microbial contamination of contact lenses and contact Lens accessories. Optom Vis Sci. 2005.82:451-458.

2.                 Cho P, Boost MV, Cheng R. Noncompliance and microbial contamination in orthokeratology. Optom Vis Sci. (in press)

3.                 Cho P, Cheung SW, Edwards M. The Longitudinal Orthokeratology Research In Children (LORIC) in Hong Kong. A pilot study on refractive changes and myopic control. Curr Eye Res. 2005.30:71-80.

4.                 Cho P, Cheung SW, Edwards MH. Practice of orthokeratology by a group of contact lens practitioners in Hong Kong. Part I. General overview. Clin Exp Optom. 2002.85:365-371.

5.                 Cho P, Cheung SW, Edwards MH. Practice of orthokeratology by a group of contact lens practitioners in Hong Kong. Part 2. Orthokeratology lenses. Clin Exp Optom. 2003.86:42-46.

6.                 Cho P, Cheung SW, Mountford J, White P. Good clinical practice in orthokeratology. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2008.31:17-28.

7.                 Claydon BE, Efron N. Non-compliance in contact lens wear. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1994.14:356-364.

8.                 Dart JK, Radfort CF, Minassian D, Verma S, Stapleton F. Risk factors for microbial keratitis with contemporary contact lenses: a case-control study. Ophthalmology. 2008.115:1647-1654.

9.                 Jones L, Rah MJ, Manny RE, Walline JJ. Contact lenses in pediatrics (CLIP) study 6 month survey results. Optom Vis Sci. 2007.83:E-abstract 070035.

10.             Morgan PB, Efron N, Brennan NA, Hill EA, Raynor MK, Tullo AB. Risk factors for the development of corneal infiltrative events associated with contact lens wear. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005.46:3136-3143.

11.             Stapleton F, Keay L, Edwards K, Naduvilath T, Dart JK, Brian G, Holden BA. The incidence of contact lens-related microbial keratitis in Australia. Ophthalmology. 2008.115:1655-1662.

12.             Walline JJ, Gaume A, Jones LA, Rah MJ, Manny RE, Berntsen DA, Chitkara M, Kim A, Quinn N, the Contact Lenses in Pediatrics (CLIP) Study Group. Benefits of contact lens wear for children and teens. Eye & Contact Lens. 2007a.33:317-321.

13.             Walline JJ, Gaume A, Jones LA, Rah MJ, Manny RE, Berntsen DA, Chitkara M, Kim A, Quinn N. Benefits of contact lens wear for children and teens. Eye & Contact Lens. 2007b;33:317-321.

14.             Walline JJ, Jones LA, Mutti DO, Zadnik K. A randomized trial of the effects of rigid contact lenses on myopia progression. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004.122:1760-1766.

15.             Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott LT, Manny RE, Gaume A, Rah MJ, Chitkara M, Lyons S, on behalf of the ACHIEVE Study Group. A randomized trial of the effect of soft contact lenses on myopia progression in children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008a.49:4702-4706.

16.             Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott LT. Corneal Reshaping and Myopia Progression. Br J Ophthalmol. 2009.93:doi:10.1136/bjo.2008.151365.

17.             Walline JJ, Sinnott L, Johnson ED, Ticak A, Jones SL, Jones LA. What do kids think about kids in eyeglasses? Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt 2008b;28:218-224

18.             White P, Cho P. Legal issues in contact lens practice with special reference to the practice of orthokeratology. Ophthal Physiol Opt. 2003.23:151-161.




(p. 41) Two-Week Versus Monthly Replacement for Silicone Hydrogels, By Peter D. Bergenske, OD, FAAO, Marian Miller, & Inma Perez, PhD, FAAO


1.            Poggio EC, Abelson MB: Complications and symptoms with disposable daily wear contact lenses and conventional soft daily wear contact lenses. CLAO J 1993; 19;2:  95-102.

2.            Hamano H, Watanabe K, et al.: A study of the complications induced by conventional and disposable contact lenses. CLAO J 1994; 20;2:  103-108.

3.            Solomon OD, Freeman MI, et al.: A 3-year prospective study of the clinical performance of daily disposable contact lenses compared with frequent replacement and conventional daily wear contact lenses. CLAO J 1996; 22;4:  250-257.

4.            Suchecki JK, Ehlers WH, et al.: A comparison of contact lens-related complications in various daily wear modalities. CLAO J 2000; 26;4:  204-213.

5.            Marshall E, Begley C, et al.: Frequency of complications among wearers of disposable and conventional soft contact lenses. Int Contact Lens Clin 1992; 19;3/4:  55-59.

6.            Morgan PB, Woods C, et al.: International contact lens prescribing in 2007. Contact Lens Spectrum 2008; 23;1:  36 - 41.

7.            Stapleton F, Stretton S, et al.: Silicone hydrogel contact lenses and the ocular surface. Ocul Surf 2006; 4;1:  24-43.

8.            Brennan NA, Coles ML, et al.: A 1-year prospective clinical trial of balafilcon a (PureVision) silicone-hydrogel contact lenses used on a 30-day continuous wear schedule. Ophthalmology 2002; 109;6:  1172-1177.

9.         Jalbert I, Stretton S, et al.: Changes in myopia with low-Dk hydrogel and high-Dk silicone hydrogel extended wear. Optom Vis Sci 2004; 81;8:  591-596.

10.       Jones L, Dumbleton K, et al.: Introducing a made-to-order silicone hydrogel lens. Contact Lens Spectrum 2007; 22;2:  23.

11.            Morgan P: Personal communication. 2008.

12.       Covey M, Sweeney DF, et al.: Hypoxic effects on the anterior eye of high-Dk soft contact lens wearers are negligible. Optom Vis Sci 2001; 78;2:  95-99.

13.            Dumbleton KA, Chalmers RL, et al.: Vascular response to extended wear of hydrogel lenses with high and low oxygen permeability. Optom Vis Sci 2001; 78;3:  147 - 151.

14.            Nilsson SE: Seven-day extended wear and 30-day continuous wear of high oxygen transmissibility soft silicone hydrogel contact lenses: a randomized 1-year study of 504 patients. CLAO J 2001; 27;3:  125-136.

15.            Morgan PB, Efron N: Comparative clinical performance of two silicone hydrogel contact lenses for continuous wear. Clin Exp Optom 2002; 85;3:  183-192.

16.            Maldonado-Codina C, Morgan PB, et al.: Short-term physiologic response in neophyte subjects fitted with hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2004; 81;12:  911-921.

17.            Dumbleton K, Keir N, et al.: Objective and subjective responses in patients refitted to daily-wear silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2006; 83;10:  758-768.

18.       Long B, McNally J: The clinical performance of a silicone hydrogel lens for daily wear in an Asian population. Eye Contact Lens 2006; 32;2:  65-71.

19.            Bergenske P, Long B, et al.: Long-term clinical results: 3 years of up to 30-night continuous wear of lotrafilcon A silicone hydrogel and daily wear of low-Dk/t hydrogel lenses. Eye Contact Lens 2007; 33;2:  74-80.

20.            Brennan NA, Coles ML, et al.: A 12-month prospective clinical trial of comfilcon A silicone-hydrogel contact lenses worn on a 30-day continuous wear basis. Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2007; 30;2:  108-118.

21.       Riley C, Young G, et al.: Prevalence of ocular surface symptoms, signs, and uncomfortable hours of wear in contact lens wearers: the effect of refitting with daily-wear silicone hydrogel lenses (senofilcon a). Eye Contact Lens 2006; 32;6:  281-286.

22.            Schafer J, Mitchell GL, et al.: The stability of dryness symptoms after refitting with silicone hydrogel contact lenses over 3 years. Eye Contact Lens 2007; 33;5:  247-252.

23.       Sack RA, Jones B, et al.: Specificity and biological activity of the protein deposited on the hydrogel surface. Relationship of polymer structure to biofilm formation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1987; 28;5:  842-849.

24.       Minno GE, Eckel L, et al.: Quantitative analysis of protein deposits on hydrophilic soft contact lenses: I. Comparison to visual methods of analysis. II. Deposit variation among FDA lens material groups. Optom Vis Sci 1991; 68;11:  865-872.

25.       Garrett Q, Garrett RW, et al.: Lysozyme sorption in hydrogel contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1999; 40;5:  897-903.

26.       Rapp J, Broich J: Lipid deposits on worn soft contact lenses. CLAO J 1984; 10;3:  235-239.

27.            Orsborn G, Zantos S: Practitioner survey: Management of dry eye symptoms in soft lens wearers. Contact Lens Spectrum 1989; 4;9:  23-26.

28.       Binder PS, Worthen DM: Clinical evaluation of continuous-wear hydrophilic lenses. Am J Ophthalmol 1977; 83;4:  549-553.

29.            Nilsson SE, Andersson L: Contact lens wear in dry environments. Acta Ophthalmol (Copenh) 1986; 64;2:  221-225.

30.            McMonnies C: Contact lens aftercare: a detailed analysis. Clin Exp Optom 1987; 70;4:  121 - 127.

31.            Gellatly KW, Brennan NA, et al.: Visual decrement with deposit accumulation of HEMA contact lenses. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1988; 65;12:  937-941.

32.            Pritchard N, Fonn D, et al.: Ocular and subjective responses to frequent replacement of daily wear soft contact lenses. CLAO J 1996; 22;1:  53-59.

33.            Mondino BJ, Salamon SM, et al.: Allergic and toxic reactions of soft contact lens wearers. Surv Ophthalmol 1982; 26;6:  337-344.

34.            Brennan NA, Coles M-LC: Deposits and symptomatology with soft contact lens wear. Int Contact Lens Clin 2000; 27;3:  75-100.

35.       Jones L, Franklin V, et al.: Spoilation and clinical performance of monthly vs three monthly group II disposable contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 1996; 73;1:  16-21.

36.       Jones L, Mann A, et al.: An in vivo comparison of the kinetics of protein and lipid deposition on group II and group IV frequent-replacement contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2000; 77;10:  503-510.

37.            Cheung SW, Cho P, et al.: A comparative study of biweekly disposable contact lenses: silicone hydrogel versus hydrogel. Clin Exp Optom 2007; 90;2:  124-131.

38.            Nichols JJ: Deposition rates and lens care influence on galyfilcon A silicone hydrogel lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2006; 83;10:  751-757.

39.            Carney FP, Nash WL, et al.: The adsorption of major tear film lipids in vitro to various silicone hydrogels over time. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2008; 49;1:  120-124.

40.            Ghormley N, Jones L: Managing lipid deposition on silicone hydrogel lenses. Contact Lens Spectrum 2006; 21;1:  21.

41.            Subbaraman LN, Glasier MA, et al.: Kinetics of in vitro lysozyme deposition on silicone hydrogel, PMMA, and FDA groups I, II, and IV contact lens materials. Curr Eye Res 2006; 31;10:  787-796.

42.            Senchyna M, Jones L, et al.: Quantitative and conformational characterization of lysozyme deposited on balafilcon and etafilcon contact lens materials. Curr Eye Res 2004; 28;1:  25-36.

43.            Suwala M, Glasier MA, et al.: Quantity and conformation of lysozyme deposited on conventional and silicone hydrogel contact lens materials using an in vitro model. Eye Contact Lens 2007; 33;3:  138-143.

44.       Keith DJ, Christensen MT, et al.: Determination of the lysozyme deposit curve in soft contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens 2003; 29;2:  79-82.

45.            McCulley JP, Shine WE: Meibomian secretions in chronic blepharitis. Adv Exp Med Biol 1998; 438 319-326.

46.       Sindt CW, Longmuir RA: Contact lens strategies for the patient with dry eye. Ocul Surf 2007; 5;4:  294-307.

47.       Smith SK: Patient noncompliance with wearing and replacement schedules of disposable contact lenses. J Am Optom Assoc 1996; 67;3:  160-164.

48.            Donshik PC, Ehlers WH, et al.: Strategies to better engage, educate, and empower patient compliance and safe lens wear: compliance: what we know, what we do not know, and what we need to know. Eye Contact Lens 2007; 33;6 Pt 2:  430-433; discussion 434.

49.            Coopersmith L, Weinstock FJ: Current recommendations and practice regarding soft lens replacement and disinfection. CLAO J 1997; 23;3:  172-176.

50.            Morgan P: Contact lens compliance and reducing the risk of keratitis. Optician 2007; 234;6109:  20 - 25.

51.            Morgan P: The Science of Compliance. 2007, University of Manchester (for Bausch & Lomb).

52.       Saw SM, Ooi PL, et al.: Risk factors for contact lens-related fusarium keratitis: a case-control study in Singapore. Arch Ophthalmol 2007; 125;5:  611-617.

53.       Jones L, Dumbleton K, et al.: Comfort and compliance with frequent replacement soft contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2002; 79;12s:  259.

54.       CIBA-Vision: Data on file. 2005. 

55.            Winograd: Some observations on prospective remembering. in Practical Aspects of Memory: Current Research and Issues,  M. Gruneberg, P. Morris, and R. Sykes, Editors. Chichester, Wiley,  1988,  p  348 - 353.

56.            McDaniel M, Einstein G: Prospective Memory: An Overview and Synthesis of an Emerging Field. 2007, Thousand Oaks: Sage.




(p. 48) Pediatric and Teen CL Care: Set Realistic Expectations for Corneal Reshaping, By Marjorie J. Rah, OD, PhD, & Jeffrey J. Walline, OD, PhD


Cho P, Cheung SW, Edwards M. The longitudinal orthokeratology research in children (LORIC) in Hong Kong: a pilot study on refractive changes and myopic control. Curr Eye Res 2005;30(1):71-80.


Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott LT. Corneal reshaping and myopia progression. Br J Ophthalmol. 2009 May 4.


(p. 50) Treatment Plan, By William L. Miller, OD, PhD, FAAO

1. John T, Shah AA Use of azithromycin ophthalmic solution in the

treatment of chronic mixed anterior blepharitis. Ann Ophthalmol

40(2):68-74, 2008

2. Luchs J. Efficacy of topical azithromycin ophthalmic solution 1% in

the treatment of posterior blepharitis. Adv Ther 25(9):858-870, 2008

(p. 56) Contact Lens Case Reports: A Closer Look at SEALs, By Patrick J. Caroline, FAAO, & Mark P. André, FAAO


Young, G. and Mirejovsky, D. A hypothesis for the aetiology of soft contact lens induced superior arcuate keratopathy. International Contact Lens Clinic 20, 177-180 1993.