Contact Lens Spectrum

November 2010

Document #180





(p. 16) Letters to the Editor: Dr. Zimmerman’s and Dr. Nichols’ Response


1.     Poggio, E.C.e.a., The incidence of ulcerative keratitis among users of daily-wear and extended-wear soft contact lenses. The New England Journal of Medicine, 1989; 321(12):779-783.

2.     Seal, D.V., et al., Population-based cohort study of microbial keratitis in Scotland: incidence and features. Cont Lens Anterior Eye, 1999; 22(2): 49-57.

3.     Cheng, K.H., et al., Incidence of contact-lens-associated microbial keratitis and its related morbidity. Lancet, 1999; 354(9174):181-5.

4.     Lam, D.S., et al., Incidence and risk factors for microbial keratitis in Hong Kong: comparison with Europe and North America. Eye (Lond), 2002;16(5): 608-18.

5.     Schein, O.D., et al., The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30-day silicone hydrogel extended-wear contact lens. Ophthalmology, 2005. 112(12): p. 2172-9.

6.     Stapleton, F., et al., The incidence of contact lens-related microbial keratitis in Australia. Ophthalmology 2008;115(10):1655-62.

7.     Kallen AJ, Bulens S, et al. Health-care associated invasive MRSA infections, 2005-2008. JAMA 2010; 304:641-648.

8.     Blomquist PH. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections of the eye and orbit (An American Ophthalmogical Society Thesis). Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 2006;104:322-345.

9.     Bartlett, JD & Snyder, C. Overview of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Contact Lens Spectrum; February 2010 (Supplement)

10.                        Asbell PA, Sahm DF, Shaw M, Draghi DC, Brown NP. Increasing prevalence of methicillin resistance in serious ocular infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus in the United States: 2000 to 2005. J Cataract Refract Surg 2008;34(5):814-818.

11.                        Asbell PA, Colby KA, Deng S, et al. Ocular TRUST: nationwide antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in ocular isolates. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008;145:951-958.

12.                        Shah, V.M., et al., Randomized Clinical Study for Comparative Evaluation of Fourth-Generation Fluoroquinolones With the Combination of Fortified Antibiotics in the Treatment of Bacterial Corneal Ulcers. Cornea, 2010;29(7): 751-757.

13.                        Rapuano, C.J.e.a. (2008) Bacterial Keratitis. American Academy of Ophthalmology, Preferred Practice Patterns.

14.                        Ward KW, Lepage J-F, Driot J-Y. Nonclinical Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacokinetics, and Safety of BOL-303224-A, a Novel Fluoroquinolone Antimicrobial Agent for Topical Ophthalmic Use. J Ocular Pharmacol Ther 2007;23(3):243-56.

15.                        Melton R, Thomas R, Snyder C. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in eyecare and in the contact lens practice. Contact Lens Spectrum ;February 2010 (Supplement)

16.                        Keay L, Edwards K, Stapleton F. An evidence-based brochure to educate contact lens wearers about safe contact lenswear. Clin Exp Optom 2009;92:407–9.

17.                        Dantam J, Zhu H, Stapleton F. Biocidal Efficacy of Silver Impregnated Contact Lens Storage Cases In vitro. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 2010; In press



(p. 18) Research Review: Presbyopic Lens Performance and the “Real World,” By Eric Papas, PhD, MCOptom, DipCL



1.            Nichols, J.J. (2010) Contact Lenses 2009. Contact Lens Spectrum, 2010. 25(1) pp. 20- 27.

2.         Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex and Five-Year Age Groups for the United States: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (NC-EST2009-01). 2010, US Census Bureau.

3.         Papas, E.B., et al., Utility of short-term evaluation of presbyopic contact lens performance. Eye Contact Lens, 2009. 35(3): p. 144-8.

4.            Sheedy, J.E., et al., Monovision contact lens wear and occupational task performance. American Journal of Optometry & Physiological Optics, 1988. 65(1): p. 14-8.

5.            Chapman, G.J., et al., Adaptive gait changes in long-term wearers of contact lens monovision correction. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 2010. 30(3): p. 281-288.

6.         Chu, B.S., J.M. Wood, and M.J. Collins, Influence of presbyopic corrections on driving-related eye and head movements. Optometry and Vision Science, 2009. 86(11).

7.         Chu, B.S., J.M. Wood, and M.J. Collins, The Effect of Presbyopic Vision Corrections on Nighttime Driving Performance. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2010. 51(9): p. 4861-4866.

8.            Woods, J., C.A. Woods, and D. Fonn, Early symptomatic presbyopes-What correction modality works best? Eye and Contact Lens, 2009. 35(5): p. 221-226.




(p. 23) Contact Lens Design & Materials: Can I Get That in a Silicone Hydrogel? By Neil Pence, OD, FAAO


Koch, T.  “A new era of specialty soft contact lens fitting.”  Contact Lens Spectrum; Vol 25 (9), pg 36.



(p. 24) Dry Eye Dx and Tx: Herpes Simplex and Dry eye, By Katherine M. Mastrota, MS, OD, FAAO


  1. Shimomura Y. Herpes simplex virus latency, reactivation, and a new antiviral therapy for herpetic keratitis.  Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi, 2008 Mar; 112(3):247-64;discussion 265, article in Japanese.
  2. Simard-Lebrun A, Boisjoly H, Choremis J, Mabon M, Chagon M. Association between unilateral quiescent stromal herpetic keratitis and bilateral dry eyes. Cornea, 2010 Aug 26 [Epub ahead of print]
  3. Keijser S, van Best JA, Van der Lelij A, Jager MJ. Reflex and steady state tears in patients with latent stromal herpetic keratitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Jan;43(1):87-91.
  4. Sheppard JD, Wertheimer ML, Scoper SV. Modalities to decrease stromal herpes simplex keratitis reactivation rates. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul;127(7):852-6.



(p. 26) Corrective Options for Irregular Corneas, By Jeffrey Sonsino, OD, FAAO, & Mark D. Ewald, MD


1. Edrington TB, Barr JT, Zadnik K, Davis LJ, Gundel RE, Libassi DP, McMahon TT, 

Gordon MO. Standardized rigid contact lens fitting protocol for keratoconus.

Optom Vis Sci. 1996 Jun;73(6):369-75. PubMed PMID: 8807647.

2. Kok JH, Cheng KH. Improvement of visual acuity and corneal physiology in
keratoconus by fitting aspherical, high oxygen-permeable contact lenses. Int

Ophthalmol. 1991 Jul;15(4):263-6. PubMed PMID: 1917321.

3. Donnenfeld ED, Kornstein HS, Amin A, et al. Laser in situ keratomileusis for correction of myopia and astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty. Ophthalmology 1999; 106:1966–1974.

4.  Kehler KB, Moore MA, Sonsino J, Recchia FM.  Contact lenses for visual rehabilitation following posterior segment trauma.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Optometry, Orlando, FL, Nov.2009.

5. Sayegh RR, Avena Diaz L, Vargas-Martín F, Webb RH, Dohlman CH, Peli E. Optical

functional properties of the Boston Keratoprosthesis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

2010 Feb;51(2):857-63.



(p. 30) Contact Lens Care and Aftercare, By Sarah L. Morgan, BSc(Hons), MPhil, MCOptom, FAAO, FBCLA


1.                 Morgan P, et al.  International contact lens prescribing in 2009.  Contact Lens Spectrum  2010;25(2):30-36.

2.                    Barker and Jones. The potential spread of infection caused by aerosol contamination of surfaces after flushing a domestic toilet. J Appl Microbiol 2005;99(2):339-347.

3.                   Hickson-Curran SB, Chou P, Gardere J.  Longer prescribed replacement intervals leads to more stretching of frequent replacement lenses.  Poster presented at the American Academy of Optometry 2009 Annual Meeting Orlando, FL, Nov., 2009.

4.                   Efron N, Efron SE, Morgan PB, Morgan SL. A ‘cost-per-wear’ model based on contact lens replacement frequency. Clin Exp Optom 2010; 93(4): 253-260.



(p. 36) Patient Acceptance of Orthokeratology, By Clifford Leong, OD, & Ralph Gundel, OD, FAAO


[1]   Jessen GN. Orthofocus techniques.  Contacto 1962;6:202-4.

[2]   Polse KA, Brand RJ, Vastine DW, et al.  Corneal change accompanying orthokeratology: Plastic or elastic?  Results of a randomized control clinical trial.  Arch Ophthalmology  1983;101:1873-78.

[3]   Swarbrich H.  Orthokeratology review and update.  Clin Exp Optom 2006;89(3):124-43.

[4]   Carkeet NL, Mountford JA, Carney LG.  Predicting success with orthokeratology lens wear: A retrospective analysis of ocular characteristics.  Opt & Vis Sci 1995;72:892-98.

[5]   Koffler BH, Smith VM.  Myopia reduction using corneal refractive therapy contact lenses.  Eye & Contact Lens 2004;30:223-26.

[6]   Cho P, Cheung SW, Edwards MH.  Practice of orthokeratology by a group of contact lens practitioners in Hong Kong.  Clin Exp Optom 2002; 85:6:365-371.




(p. 40) A Case of a Failed Automated Lamellar Keratoplasty, By Travis M. Johnson, OD, FAAO


  1. Tracy C. Shuman, Keratoplasty Eye Surgery (ALK) for Myopia and Hyperopia webmd October 01, 2005

2.    Szczotaka, Loretta B. Fitting the Irregular Cornea Contact Lens Spectrum May 2003

3. Morales, A., Zadok, D., Tardio, E., Anzoulatous, G. Jr., Litwak, S., Mora, R., Martinez, E., Chayet, A., Outcome of simultaneous phakic implantable contact lens removal with cataract extraction and pseudophakic intraocular lens implantation
Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 2006 Volume 32, Issue 4, Pages 595-598

4. Rodrigo Donoso, Pavel Castillo Correction of high myopia with the PRL phakic intraocular lens Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery August 2006 (Vol. 32, Issue 8, Pages 1296-1300)

5. DePaolis, Michael, Beeman, Jane, Ryan, Robert, Fitting Irregular Corneas with a Hybrid Lens (Learn step by step how to fit keratoconic, post-surgical and other irregular corneas with hybrid lens designs), Contact Lens Spectrum Oct. 2006

6. Caroline, Patrick, Andre, Mark P, The Return of Hybrid Lenses, Contact Lens Spectrum Dec. 2005


7.. Bergenske, Peter D., Caroline, Patrick J. Smyth, Jennifer K. Contact Lenses as an Adjunct in Refractive Surgery Practice Contact Lens Spectrum March 2002


I         8. DePaolis, Michael POST-SURGICAL FITTING A New Option for Fitting Post-Surgical Corneas Contact Lens Spectrum April 2008


9. Smith, Kyle A. Carrell, James D. Piggyback lens case study Eye & Contact Lens: Science & Clinical Practice. 34(4):238-241, July 2008.


10. Maguen, Ezra, Caroline, Patrick, Rosner, Irvin R.,Macy, Jonathan I., Nesburn, Anthony B., Soft perm lens CLAO Journal. 18(3):173-176, July 1992.



(p. 47) Contact Lens Practice Pearls: Talking Money With Patients, By Thomas G. Quinn, OD, MS, FAAO


Gerber, G. A New Way to Think About Dispensing Annual Supplies, Contact Lens Spectrum, November 2007.



(p. 50) Treatment Plan: Working to Prevent Age-Related Macular Degeneration — Part 2, By Leo Semes, OD, FAAO


Szaflik JP, Janik-Papis K, Synowiec E, et al.,DNA damage and repair in age-related macular degeneration. Mutat Res. 2009;669(1-2):169-76.

Fletcher AE, Bentham GC, Agnew M, et al. Sunlight exposure, antioxidants, and age-related macular degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126:1396-403.

Hietanen M. Ocular exposure to solar ultraviolet and visible radiation at high latitudes.  Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17(6):398-403.

Diffey BL. Environmental exposure to UV-B radiation. Rev Environ Health. 1984;4(4):317-37.



(p. 52) Reader and Industry Forum: Unilateral Mydriasis From the “Reservoir Effect” of a Lens, By Stuart M. Terman, MD


(1)   Visine-A eye allergy relief eye drops           


            ( reviewed on 6-27-2009)


(2)    Physicians Desk Reference for Ophthalmology, 1980-81, Pg. 60

           Medical Economics Company, Charles E. Baker, Jr Publisher

(3)    Fraunfelder, FT, Drug Induced Ocular Side Effects and Drug 

           Interactions, 2nd Ed., Pg. 301  Lea and Febiger, Publisher



(4), reviewed

           Dec. 3, 2009


(5)   Drug Facts:   Visine-A, Pfizer Consumer Healthcare;

            ( Medication packaging)  Morris Plains, N.J., 07950


(6)   Walsh F, and Hoyt WF,  Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology,

          Vol 1, third ed., pg 494,    1969



(p. 56) Contact Lens Case Reports: Effects of Corneal Eccentricity, By Patrick J. Caroline, FAAO, & Mark P. André, FAAO


Young, G. Ocular sagittal height and soft contact lens fitting, 1992 J. of the British Contact Lens Association, Vol15, No 1 pp 45-49.