Contact Lens Spectrum

January 2010

Document #170





(p. 12) Research Review: Orthokeratology and Its Effects on Children, By Loretta B. Szczotka-Flynn, OD, PhD, MS, FAAO


1.                Watt, Boneham, Swarbrick. 2007. Clin Exp Optom; 90:182-7.

2.                 Reim, Lund, Wu. Orthokeratology and Adolescent Myopia Control. 2003. Contact Lens Spectrum; 18(3): 40-42.

3.                Cheung, Cho, Fan. 2004. Optometry & Vision Science. 81(9)653-656.

4.                Cho, Cheung, Edwards. 2005. Curr Eye Res. 30:71-80.

5.                Walline, Jones, Sinnott. 2009. BJO. 93: 1181-1185.

6.                Santodomingo J, Collar C, Gilmartin B. Myopia Control with Orthokeratology Contact Lenses in Spain. AAO abstact 2009.

7.                 Cheung S, Cho P. Randomized Clinical Trial on Myopic Control in Chinese Children Using Overnight Orthokeratology. AAO abstract 2009.



(p. 18) Dry Eye Dx and Tx: Sjögren’s Syndrome: Beyond Dry Eyes, By William Townsend, OD, FAAO


1.      Ramos-Casals M, Brito-Zero P. Emerging biological therapies in primary Sjögren’s syndrome. Rheumatology 2007; 46:1389–1396


2.      Soliotis FC et al. Central nervous system involvement in

Sjögren’s syndrome. Ann Rheum Dis. 2004 Jun; 63(6):616-20.


3.      Jara LJ et al.  Prolactin and Autoimmunity. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2009 Nov 13. [Epub ahead of print]


4.      Mavragani CP, Moutsopoulos HM. The geoepidemiology of Sjögren's syndrome. Autoimmun Rev. 2009 Nov 10. [Epub ahead of print]



(p. 19) Contact Lens Care and Compliance: Office Infection Prevention Goes Beyond Contact Lens Care, By Michael A. Ward, MMSc, FAAO


[Paediatr Child Health. 2008 May; 13(5): 408–419].

Smith CA, Pepose JS. Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Jan;127(1):77-8

.K. G. Dart; A. N. El-Amir; T. Maddison et al. Br J Ophthalmol. 2009;93(1):18-20

Harvard Health Letter, October 2009, 1-3.


(p. 28) Short-Term Effects of Silicone Hydrogel Wear on the Tears, By Jiang Zhenying & Qu Xiaomei, MD


[1] Fonn D. Targeting contact lens induced dryness and discomfort: what properties will make lenses more comfortable. Optom Vis Sci, 2007, 84(4): 279-85.

[2] Lorentz H, Jones L. Lipid deposition on hydrogel contact lenses: how history can help us today. Optom Vis Sci, 2007, 84(4): 286-95.

[3] Nichols JJ, Sinnott LT. Tear film, contact lens, and patient-related factors associated with contact lens-related dry eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 2006, 47(4): 1319-28.

[4] Ramamoorthy P, Sinnott LT, Nichols JJ. Treatment, material, care, and patient-related factors in contact lens-related dry eye. Optom Vis Sci, 2008, 85(8): 764-72.

[5] Guillon M, Maissa C. Contact lens wear affects tear film evaporation. Eye Contact Lens, 2008, 34(6): 326-30.

[6] Nichols JJ, Mitchell GL, King-Smith PE. The impact of contact lens care solutions on the thickness of the tear film and contact lens. Cornea, 2005, 24(7): 825-32.

[7] Grus FH, Kramann C, Bozkurt N, et al. Effects of multipurpose contact lens solutions on the protein composition of the tear film. Cont Lens Anterior Eye, 2005, 28(3): 103-12.

[8] Riley C, Young G, Chalmers R. Prevalence of ocular surface symptoms, signs, and uncomfortable hours of wear in contact lens wearers: the effect of refitting with daily-wear siliconee hydrogel lenses (senofilcon a). Eye Contact Lens, 2006, 32(6): 281-6.

[9] Chalmers RL, Dillehay S, Long B, et al. Impact of previous extended and daily wear schedules on signs and symptoms with high Dk lotrafilcon A lenses. Optom Vis Sci, 2005, 82(6): 549-54.

[10] Dumbleton K, Keir N, Moezzi A, et al. Objective and subjective responses in patients refitted to daily-wear siliconee hydrogel contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci, 2006, 83(10): 758-68.

[11] Dillehay SM, Miller MB. Performance of Lotrafilcon B siliconee hydrogel contact lenses in experienced low-Dk/t daily lens wearers. Eye Contact Lens, 2007, 33(6 Pt 1): 272-7.

[12] Stapleton F, Stretton S, Papas E, et al. Siliconee hydrogel contact lenses and the ocular surface. Ocul Surf, 2006, 4(1): 24-43.

[13] Wang J, Cox I, Reindel WT. Upper and lower tear menisci on contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 2009, 50(3): 1106-11.

[14] Chen Q, Wang J, Shen M, et al. Lower volumes of tear menisci are associated with dry eye symptoms in contact lens wearers. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, in press.

[15] Nichols JJ, King-Smith PE. The impact of hydrogel lens settling on the thickness of the tears and contact lens. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 2004, 45(8): 2549-54.

[16] Santodomingo-Rubido J, Wolffsohn JS, Gilmartin B. Changes in ocular physiology, tear film characteristics, and symptomatology with 18 months siliconee hydrogel contact lens wear. Optom Vis Sci, 2006, 83(2): 73-81.

[17] Szczotka-Flynn L, Diaz M. Risk of corneal inflammatory events with siliconee hydrogel and low dk hydrogel extended contact lens wear: a meta-analysis. Optom Vis Sci, 2007, 84(4): 247-56.

[18] Santodomingo-Rubido J, Wolffsohn JS, Gilmartin B. Adverse events and discontinuations during 18 months of siliconee hydrogel contact lens wear. Eye Contact Lens, 2007, 33(6 Pt 1): 288-92.

[19] Chalmers R, Long B, Dillehay S, et al. Improving contact-lens related dryness symptoms with siliconee hydrogel lenses. Optom Vis Sci, 2008, 85(8): 778-84.

[20] Schafer J, Mitchell GL, Chalmers RL, et al. The stability of dryness symptoms after refitting with siliconee hydrogel contact lenses over 3 years. Eye Contact Lens, 2007, 33(5): 247-52.

[21] Bergenske P, Long B, Dillehay S, et al. Long-term clinical results: 3 years of up to 30-night continuous wear of lotrafilcon A siliconee hydrogel and daily wear of low-Dk/t hydrogel lenses. Eye Contact Lens, 2007, 33(2): 74-80.

[22] Stern J, Wong R, Naduvilath TJ, et al. Comparison of the performance of 6- or 30-night extended wear schedules with siliconee hydrogel lenses over 3 years. Optom Vis Sci, 2004, 81(6): 398-406.

(p. 36) Contact Lenses After Trabeculectomy, By Gregory W. DeNaeyer, OD, FAAO


1.      American Academy of Ophthalmology Basic and Clinical Science Course (section 10). Glaucoma.  2007.

2.      Singh, K. Clinicians must weigh value of randomized clinical trial results. Ophthalmology Times. June 1 2004.

3.      Samples, JR. Andre, M. MacRae, SM. Use of gas permeable contact lenses following trabeculectomy. CLAO. 1990 Oct-Dec;16(4):282-4.

4.      Lois, N. Dias, JL. Cohen, EJ. Use of contact lenses in patients with filtering blebs. CLAO J. 1997 Apr;23(2):100-2.

5.      Pederson, K. Enhance postoperative filtering bleb-induced vision difficulties with well-fitted GP contact (oxygen-permeable) lenses. Optometry 2005 Feb;76(2):115-22.

6.      Mandal, AK. Management of the late leaking filtration blebs. A report of seven cases and a selective review of the literature. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2001 [cited 2009 Aug 17];49:247.

7.      Khaw, PT. Doyle, JW. Sherwood, MB. et al. Effects of intraoperative 5-fluorouracil or mitomycin-C on glaucoma filtration surgery in the rabbit. Ophthalmology 1993;100:367-72.

8.      Schuman, JS. Zaltas, MM. Management of the leaking bleb. In:Ritch R, Shields, MB. Krupin, T. editors. The Glaucomas. 2nd edition. St. Louis; C.V. Mosby Company 1996, pp 1737-44.

9.      Ticho, U. Ophir, A. Late complications after glaucoma filtering surgery with adjunctive 5-fluorouracil. Am J Ophthalmol 1993;115:506-10.

10.  Gressel, MG. Parrish, RK. Folberg, R. 5-Fluorouracil and glaucoma filtering surgery. I. an animal model. Ophthalmology 1984;91:378-83.

11.  The Fluorouracil Filtering Surgery Study Group: Three-year follow-up of the Fluorouracil Filtering Surgery Study. Am J Ophthalmol 1993;115:82-92.

12.  Whiteside-Michel, J. Liebmann, JM. Ritch, R. Initial 5-fluorouracil trabeculectomy in young patients. Ophthalmology 1992;99:7-13.

13.  Schwartz, Al. Weiss, HS. Bleb leak with hypotony after laser suture lysis and trabeculectomy with mitomycin C. Arch Ophthalmol 1992;110:1049.

14.  Katz, GJ., Higginbotham, EJ. Lichter, PR, et al. Mitomycin C versus 5-fluorouracil in high risk glaucoma filtering surgery: Extended follow-up. Ophthalmology 1995;102:1263-69.

15.  Fluorouracil Filtering Surgery Study Group. Fluorouracil filtering surgery study one-year follow-up. Am J Ophthalmol 1996;121:349-66.

16.  Fluorouracil Filtering Surgery Study Group. Five-year follow-up of the fluorouracil filtering surgery study. Am J Ophthalmol 1996;121:349-66.

17.  Franks, WA. Hitchings, RA. Complications of 5-fluorouracil after trabeculectomy. Eye 1991;5:385-89.

18.  Cheung, JC. Wright, MM. Urali, S. Pederson, JE. Intermediate-term outcome of variable dose mitomycin C filtering surgery. Ophthalmogy 1997;104:143-49.

19.  Greenfield, DS. Liebmann, JM. Jee, J. Ritch, R. Late-onset bleb leaks after glaucoma filtering surgery. Arch Ophthalmol 1998;116:443-47.

20.  Blok, MD. Kok, JH. Van Mil, C. et al. Use of the Megasoft Bandage Lens for treatment of complications after trabeculectomy. Am J Ophthalmol 1990 Sept;110(3):264-8.

21.  Shoham, A. Tessler, Z. Finkleman, Y. Lifshitz, T. Large soft contact lenses in the management of leaking blebs. CLAO J 2000 Jan;26(1):37-39.




(p. 40) Achieving Vision Correction…and More, By Amber Gaume Giannoni, OD, FAAO, & Jeffrey J. Walline, OD, PhD


1.      Walline JJ, Gaume A, Jones LA, et al. Benefits of contact lens wear for children and teens. Eye Contact Lens 2007;33(6 Pt 1):317-21.

2.      Walline JJ, Jones LA, Rah MJ, et al; CLIP Study Group. Contact Lenses in Pediatrics (CLIP) Study: chair time and ocular health. Optom Vis Sci 2007;84(9):896-902.

3.      Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott L, et al; ACHIEVE Study Group.  A randomized trial of the effect of soft contact lenses on myopia progression in children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2008;49(11):4702-6.

4.      Walline JJ, Jones LA, Chitkara M, et al. The Adolescent and Child Health Initiative to Encourage Vision Empowerment (ACHIEVE) study design and baseline data. Optom Vis Sci. 2006;83(1):37-45.

5.      Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott L, et al. Randomized trial of the effect of contact lens wear on self-perception in children. Optom Vis Sci 2009;86:222-32.




(p. 48) Pediatric and Teen CL Care: Fitting Infants and Young Children With GP Lenses, By Christine W. Sindt, OD, FAAO


1. Shin JA, Manny RE, Kleinstein RN, et al. Short-term repeatability of hand-held keratometry measurements. Optom Vis Sci 1999;76:247-253.

2. Lightman JM, Marshall D. Clinical evaluation of back optic radius and power determination by age in pediatric aphakia due to congenital cataract fitted with a silicone elaster contact lens. Optom Vis Sci 1996;73:22-27.

3. Asbell PA, Chiang B, Somers ME, Morgan KS. Keratometry in children. CLAO J 1990;16:99-102.

4. Pollard ZF. Keratometry readings in infants. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1982;19:169-170.

5. Inagaki Y. The rapid change of corneal curvature in the neonatal period and infancy. Arch Ophthalmol 1986;104:1026-1027.

6. Gordon RA, Donzis PB. Refractive development of the human eye. Arch Ophthalmol 1985;103:785-789.

7. Friling R, Weinberger D, Kremer I, et al. Keratometry measurements in preterm and full term newborn infants. Br J Ophthalmol 2004;88:8-10.

8. Donzis PB, Insler MS, Gordon RA. Corneal curvature in premature infants. Am J Ophthalmol 1985;99:213-215.

9. Yuji I. The rapid change of corneal curvature in the neonatal period and infancy. Arch Ophthalmol 1986;104:1026-1027.



(p. 50) Treatment Plan: Device Helps With Diagnosis of Acute Conjunctivitis, By Jamie C. Reid, OD, & Leo Semes, OD, FAAO


1.                 Sambursky R, Tauber S, Schirra F, Kozich K,  Davidson R, Cohen EJ.  The RPS Adeno Detector for Diagnosing Adenoviral Conjunctivitis. Ophthalmology. 2006; 113(10):1758-1764. 

2.                 O'Brien TP, Jeng BH, McDonald M, Raizman MB.  Acute conjunctivitis: truth and misconceptions. Curr Med Res Opin. 2000;25:1953-61.

3.        (Accessed 10/14/2009)

4.             Pelletier JS, Stewart K, Trattler W, Ritterband DC, Braverman S, Samson CM, Liang B, Capriotti JA. A combination povidone-iodine 0.4%/dexamethasone 0.1% ophthalmic suspension in the treatment of adenoviral conjunctivitis. Advances in Therapy. 2009; 26(8):776-783.
(p. 52) Reader and Industry Forum: Cultivating a Compliant Culture, By Mile Brujic, OD

1)      Contact Lens Council Press Release August 8, 2007

2)      Harris Interactive Survey of 300 optometrists, May 2009

3)      Ounce share of chemical disinfectants, YTD 5/16/09, Nielsen Scantrack, Foodstores, Drugstores, and Mass Merchandisers excluding Walmart.

4)      Stone R. The Importance of Compliance: Focusing on the Key Steps.  Poster presented at BCLA, May 2007, Manchester, UK.