Contact Lens Spectrum


APRIL 2010

Document SE2010





(p. 14) Contact Lens Materials: How Nature is influencing new lens materials and designs, Ronald K. Watanabe, OD, FAAO


1.vanBeek M, Weeks A, Jones L, Sheardown H. Immobilized hyaluronic acid containing model silicone hydrogels reduce protein adsorption. J Biomater Sci Polym Ed. 2008;19:1425-1436.

2.vanBeek M, Jones L, Sheardown H. Hyaluronic acid containing hydrogels for the reduction of protein adsorption. Biomaterials. 2008;29:780-789.

3.Zhu H, Kumar A, Ozkan J, et al. Fimbrolide-coated antimicrobial lenses: their in vitro and in vivo effects. Optom Vis Sci. 2008;85:292-300.

4.Roth LS, Lundstrom L, Kelber A, Kroger RH, Unsbo P. The pupils and optical systems of gecko eyes. J Vis. 2009;9: 27.1-27.11.


(p. 23) Point Counterpoint, The Case for Comfort by Andrew Emch, OD, MS

1.Weed KH, Fonn D, Potvin R. Discontinuation of contact lens wear. Optom Vis Sci 1993;70(12s):140.

2.Schlanger JL. A study of contact lens failures. J Am Optom Assoc. 1993;64:220–4.

3.Pritchard N, Fonn D, Brazeau D. Discontinuation of contact lens wear: a survey. ICLC. 1999;26:157–62.

4.Young G, Veys J, Pritchard N, Coleman S. A multi-centre study of lapsed contact lens wearers. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2002;22:516–27.

5.Nichols JJ, Ziegler C, Mitchell GL, Nichols KK. Self-reported dry eye disease across refractive modalities. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005;46:1911–4.

6.Richdale K, Sinnott LT, Skadahl E, Nichols JJ. Frequency of and factors associated with contact lens dissatisfaction and discontinuation. Cornea. 2007;26:168–74.


(pg 24) Point Counterpoint, The Case Against Comparative Fittings, Jack Schaeffer, OD

1. Forister JF, Forister EF, Yeung KK, et al. Prevalence of contact-lens related complications: UCLA contact lens study. Eye Contact Lens. 2009;35:176-180.

2. Skotnitsky C, Sankaridurg PR, Sweeney DF, Holden BA. General and local contact lens induced papillary conjunctivitis (CLPC). Clin Exp Optom 2002; 85: [d]193-197.



(p. 29) Practice Pearls, Educate Your Patients About

Bio-Inspired Eyecare Products by Gregory J. Nixon, OD, FAAO

2.Everage L. Understanding the LOHAS lifestyle. Gourmet Retailer. Available at:



4.Snyder C. A Primer on Contact Lens Materials. Contact Lens Spectrum. February 2004, pages 34-39.


(p. 33) Dry Eye Dx and Tx: Examining the Function of  Tear Proteins, By William Townsend, OD, FAAO


Wolff E. The muco-cutaneous junction of the lid margin and distribution of the tear fluid. Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 1946; 66: 291–308.

Laurie GW, Olsakovsky LA, Conway BP, McKown RL, Kitagawa K, Nichols JJ. Dry eye and designer ophthalmics. Optom Vis Sci. 2008;85:643-652.

Wu K, Jerdeva GV, da Costa SR, Sou E, Schechter JE, Hamm-Alvarez SF.

Molecular mechanisms of lacrimal acinar secretory vesicle exocytosis. Exp Eye Res. 2006;83:84-96.

Grus FH, Sabuncuo P, Dick HB, Augustin AJ, Pfeiffer N. Changes in the tear proteins of diabetic patients. BMC Ophthalmol. 2002;2:4.

Grus FH, Augustin AJ, Evangelou NG, Toth-Sagi K. Analysis of tear-protein patterns as a diagnostic tool for the detection of dry eyes. Eur J Ophthalmol. 1998;8:90-97.

Goyal S, Chauhan SK, Zhang Q, Dana R. Amelioration of murine dry eye disease by topical antagonist to chemokine receptor 2. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009;127:882-887.

Scott G. Yiu SC, Wasilewski D, Song J, Smith RE. Combined esterified estrogen and methyltestosterone treatment for dry eye syndrome in postmenopausal women. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005;139:1109-1110.

Forsblad-d’Elia H, Carlsten H, Labrie F, Konttinen YT, Ohlsson C.

Low serum levels of sex steroids are associated with disease characteristics in primary Sjogren’s syndrome; supplementation with dehydroepiandrosterone restores the concentrations. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009;94:2044-2051.


(p. 40) Pediatric and teen CL care, A Lifetime of Contact Lens Wear by Christine W. Sindt, OD, FAAO

Walline JJ, Jones LA, Rah MJ, et al. Contact Lenses in Pediatrics (CLIP) Study: Chair time and ocular health. Optom and Vis Sci. 2007;84:896-902.

Walline JJ, Gaume A, Jones LA, et al. Benefits of contact lens wear for children. Eye Contact Lens. 2007;33:317- 321.

Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott L, et al. Randomized trial of the effect of contact lens wear on self-perception in children. Optom Vis Sci. 2009;86:222-232.


(p. 47) GP Insights, Examining GP Biocompatibility, By Ann Laurenzi-Jones, OD, FAAO

1.Jones L. Modern contact lens materials: A clinical performance update. Contact Lens Spectrum. September 2002.

2.McMahon T T. The case for rigid lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2003;29:S119-S121;discussion S143-144 and S192-194.

3.Sorbara L, Fonn D, MacNeill K. Effect of rigid gas permeable lens flexure on vision. Optom Vis Sci. 1992;69:953-958.

4.Tighe B. Rigid contact lens materials in contact lenses.  A. Phillips & L. SpeedWell, eds. Oxford: Butterworth-Heineman. 1995:50-92.

5.Quinn T. Enhancing RGP surface wetting. Contact Lens Spectrum. March 2000.

6.Bennett ES. RGPs: When oxygen is a priority. Contact Lens Spectrum. April 1998.

7.Gleason W, Tanaka H, Albright RA, Cavanagh HD. A 1-year prospective clinical trial of menicon Z (tisilfocon A) rigid gas-permeable contact lenses worn on a 30-day continuous wear schedule. Eye Contact Lens. 2003;29:2-9.

8.Key JE. Development of contact lenses and their worldwide use. Eye Contact Lens. 2007;33:343-345; discussion 362-363.

9.Nilsson SE. Bacterial keratitis and inflammatory corneal reactions: possible relations to contact lens oxygen transmissibility: the Harold A. Stein Lectureship 2001. CLAO J. 2002;28:62-65.



(p. 48,49) Research Review, A Look at the Future of Contact Lens R&D, By Eric Papas, PhD, MCOptom, DipCL


1. Butcko V, McMahon TT, Joslin CE, Jones L. Microbial keratitis and the role of rub and rinsing. Eye Contact Lens.  2007;33:421-423.#

2. Evans DJ, McNamara NA, Fleiszig SM. Life at the front: dissecting bacterial-host interactions at the ocular surface. Ocul Surf. 2007;5:213-227.#

3. Young G, Veys J, Pritchard N, Coleman S. A multi-centre study of lapsed contact lens wearers. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2002;22:516–527.#

4. Report of the International Dry Eye WorkShop. Ocul Surf. 2007;5:75-193.#

5. Liang YB, Wong TY, Sun LP, et al. Refractive errors in a rural Chinese adult population the Handan eye study. Ophthalmology. 2009;116:2119-2127.#

6. He M, Zheng Y, Xiang F. Prevalence of myopia in urban and rural children in mainland China. Optom Vis Sci. 2009;86:40-44. #

7. Hickey H. Contact lenses with circuits, lights a possible platform for superhuman vision., Last accessed January 2010.


(p 53) Treatment plan - Dietary Changes, Supplements May Improve Ocular Health by William Miller, OD, PhD, FAAO

1. Elmadfa I and Meyer AL. Body composition, changing physiological functions and nutrient requirements of the elderly. Ann Nutr Metab. 2008;52(suppl 1):2-5.


(p. 54) contact  lens care and compliance; Nature May be the Key to Healthier Contact Lens Wear; By Susan Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO

1.Biomimicry. Available at:

2.Bioinspiration and Biomimetics. Available at:

3.Nature’s 100 Best: The Innovation Candidate List. Available at:

4.Dawes C. Designing packs as nature intended. Available at:

5.Natural antimicrobial agents for food safety. The Medical News. August 22, 2007. Available at:

6. Haynes - target-1 RJ, Tighe - target-2 PJ,  Dua HS. Antimicrobial defensin peptides of the human ocular surface. Br J Ophthalmol 1999;83:737-741 doi:10.1136/bjo.83.6.737