Contact Lens Spectrum

May 2011

Document #186





(p. 12) 25th Anniversary Perspective: Soft Contact Lens Solutions Over the Last 25 Years, By William J. Gleason, OD


Food and Drug Administration. Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff: Contact Lens Care Product Labeling. Issued on August 15, 2010.




(p. 15) Research Review: Hand Washing and Contact Lens Contamination, By Loretta B. Szczotka-Flynn, OD, PhD, MS, FAAO



Ly, Simmons, Edrington et al. Efficacy of Hand Washing Procedures on Bacterial Contamination of Hydrogel Contact Lenses. OVS, 1997; 74:288-292.


Tabbara, El-Sheikh, Aabed. Extended Wear Contact Lens Related Bacterial Keratitis. BJO. 2000; 84:327-328.


Catalanotti, Lanza, et al. Slime producing Staphylococcus epidermidis and S. Aureus in acute bacterial conjunctivitis in soft contact lens wearers. New Microbiol. 2005; 28(4): 345-54.


Kampf and Kramer. Epidemiologic Background of Hand Hygeine and Evaluation of the Most Important Agents for Scrubs and Rubs. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 2004. 863-893.


Lark, Vanderhyde et al. An outbreak of coagulase-negative staphylococci surgical site infections following aortic valve replacement. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 22:618-623.


Larson, Leyden et al. Physiologic and microbiologic changes in skin related to frequent handwashing. Infect. Control 7:59-63.


Larson, Gomez-Duarte, et al. Microbial Flora of hands of homemakers. Am J Infect Control 2002 31:72-79.


Meers and Yeo. Shedding of bacteria and skin squames after handwashing. J Hyg (London); 81;99-105.


Mowry-McKee, Sampson, Proskin. Microbial Contamination of Hydrophilic Contact Lenses: Part II: Quantitation of Microbes After Patient Handling and After Aseptic Removal from the Eye. CLAO J. 1992. 18(4); 240-244.


Fuls, Rodegers, et al. Alternative Hand Contamination Technique to Compare the Activities of Antimicrobail and Nonantimicrobial soaps under different Test Conditions. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2008. 3739-3744.




(p. 17) Prescribing for Presbyopia: Presbyopes: Worth the Trouble, By Jason R. Miller, OD, MBA, FAAO


1. National Center for Health Statistics data.

2.   Studebaker J.  “Soft Multifocals: Practice Growth Opportunity”  Contact Lens Spectrum June, 2009.




(p. 21) Contact Lens Design & Materials, By Neil Pence, OD, FAAO


Kislan TP, Hom MM.  “Corneal infiltrates with multipurpose solutions and contact lens combinations”, poster abstract 3424/D1041, ARVO 2010.




(p. 22) Dry Eye Dx and Tx: Progress in Unraveling Meibomian Gland Dysfunction, By Katherine M. Mastrota, MS, OD, FAAO; Kelly K. Nichols, OD, MPH, PHD; & Gary Foulks, MD


Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (Special Issue 2011, Vol. 52, No. 4)




(p. 27) Contact Lens Care & Compliance: Advice for Symptomatic Lens Wearers During Allergy Season, By Michael A. Ward, MMSc, FAAO,_Carbon_Dioxide_Levels_and_Ragweed_Allergies?topic=49491. Accessed 03/22/11




(p. 28) Contact Lens Options for Irregular Corneas, By Marsha M. Malooley, OD, FAAO, & Charles A. Faron, OD


Romero-Rangel T, Stavrou P, Cotter J, Rosenthal P, Baltatzis S, Foster CS.   Gas-permeable scleral contact lens therapy in ocular surface disease.  Am J Ophthalmol. 2000;130(1):25-32.


Segal O, Barkana Y, Hourovitz D, Behrman S, Kamun Y, Avni I, Zadok D.   Scleral contact lenses may help where other modalities fail.  Cornea. 2003;22(4):308-10.


DeNaeyer GW, Breece R.  Fitting techniques for a scleral lens design. Contact Lens Spectrum, 2009;24(1):34-37.            




(p. 35) Compliance and Contact Lenses, By Douglas P. Benoit, OD, FAAO


1.      DiMatteo MR.  Variations in patients’ adherence to medical recommendations: A quantitative review of     50 years of research.  Med Care 2004; 42: 200-209.

2.      Bowden T, et al.  Non-compliant contact lens wearer behavior.  CLAO J 1989; 15: 49.

3.      Schein OD, Glynn RJ, Poggio EC, et al.  The relative risk of ulcerative keratitis among users of daily-wear and extended-wear soft contact lenses.  N Eng J Med 1989; 321: 773-778.

4.      Schein OD, McNally JJ, Katz J, et al.  The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30-day silicone hydrogel extended wear contact lens.  Ophthalmology 2005; 112: 2172-2179.

5.      FDA Matrix Guideline (Contact Lenses) 1982.

6.      Sweeney D, Holden B, Evans K, et al.  Best practice contact lens care: a review of the Asia Pacific Contact Lens Care Summit.  Clin Exp Optom 2009; 92(2): 78-89.

7.      Levy B, Herter D, Norton S.  Report on testing from an investigation of fusarium keratitis in contact lens wearers.  Eye & Contact Lens 2006; 32(6): 256-261.

8.      Joslin CE, Tu EY, Shoff ME, et al. The association of contact lens solution use and acanthamoeba keratitis.  Am J Ophthalmol 2007; 144(2): 169-180.

9.      Szczotka-Flynn LB, Pearlman E, Ghannoum M.  Microbial contamination of contact lenses, lens care solutions and their accessories: A literature review.  Eye & Contact Lens 2010; 36: 116-129.

10.  Jones L, et al.  Comfort and compliance with frequent replacement soft contact lenses.

 Optom Vis Sci 2002; 79(12 S): 259.

11.  Dumbleton K, Woods C, Jones L, et al.  Patient and practitioner compliance with silicone hydrogel and daily disposable lens replacement in the United States.  Eye & Contact Lens 2009; 35(4): 164-171.

12.  Collins MJ, Carney LG.  Patient compliance and its influence on contact lens wearing problems.  Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1986; 63: 952-956.

13.  Yeung K, Forister JFY, Forister EF, et al.  Compliance with soft lens replacement schedules and associated contact lens-related ocular complications: The UCLA Contact Lens Study.  Optometry 2010; 81: 598-607.

14.  Donsik PC, Ehler WH, Anderson LD, et al.  Strategies to better engage, educate and empower patient compliance and safe lens wear: what we know, what we do not know and what we need to know.  Eye & Contact Lens 2007; 33(6): 430-433.

15.  National Highway Traffic Safety Board (NHTSB), 1998



(p. 49) Treatment Plan: The Spectrum of Toxoplasmosis, By Leo Semes, OD, FAAO


1 London NJ, Hovakimyan A, Cubillan LD, Siverio Jr CD, Cunningham Jr ET.
Prevalence, clinical characteristics, and causes of vision loss in patients with ocular toxoplasmosis. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2011 Mar 1. pii: 20823729-99CA-4278-9FEE-0C29616BA9ED. [Epub ahead of print]

2.      Commodaro AG, Belfort RN, Rizzo LV, et al.  Ocular toxoplasmosis: an update and review of the literature. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2009;104:345-50.


3.      Jones JL, et al. Risk factors for T. gondii infection in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;49:878-84.


4.      Da-la-Torre A, et al. Screening by ophthalmoscopy for Toxoplasma retinochoroiditis in Columbia. Am J Ophthalmol 2007; 143: 354.

5.       Kramer M, Lynn W, Lightman S. HIV/AIDS and the eye. Hosp Med. 2003;64:421-4.


6.      Monnet D, Averous K, Delair E, Brézin AP. Optical coherence tomography in ocular toxoplasmosis. Int J Med Sci. 2009;6:137-8.


7.      Eckert GU, Melamed J, Menegaz B. Optic nerve changes in ocular toxoplasmosis. Eye (Lond). 2007;21:746-51.


8.      Holland GN, Crespi CM, ten Dam-van Loon N, et al., Analysis of recurrence patterns associated with toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 ;145(6):1007-1013. 


9.      Holland GN. Ocular toxoplasmosis: the influence of patient age. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2009;104:351-7.)


10.  Soheilian M, Sadoughi MM, Ghajarnia M, et al. Prospective randomized trial of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole versus pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine in the treatment of ocular toxoplasmosis. Ophthalmology. 2005;112:1876-82. 


11.  Holland GN.  Prospective, randomized trial of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole vs. pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine in the treatment of ocular toxoplasmosis: discussion. Ophthalmology. 2005;112:1882-4.) 


12.   Soheilian M, Ramezani A, Azimzadeh A, et. al. Randomized Trial of Intravitreal Clindamycin and Dexamethasone versus Pyrimethamine, Sulfadiazine, and Prednisolone in Treatment of Ocular Toxoplasmosis. Ophthalmology. 2011;118:134-41.


13. (accessed 3/8/2011)


14. (accessed 3/8/2011)




(p. 50) Reader and Industry Forum, By Claudine Courey & Etty Bitton, OD, MSc, FAAO


1.    Cardona G, Llovet I.  Compliance amongst contact lens wearers: comprehension skills and reinforcement with written instructions.  Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2004 (27); 75-81

2.    Szczotka-Flynn LB, Pearlman E et al.  Microbial contamination of contact lenses, lens care solutions, and their accessories: a literature review.  Eye & Contact lens 2010; 36(2):116-129

3.    Wu Y et al.  Contact lens user profile, attitudes and level of compliance to lens care.  Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2010;33(4):183:188

4.    Dumbleton K, Richter D et al.  Compliance with contact lens replacement in Canada and the United States.  Optometry and vision science 2010;87(2):131-139

5.    Dumbleton K, Woods C et al.  Comfort and vision with silicone hydrogel lenses: effect of compliance.  Optometry and vision science 2010;87(6):421-425

6.    Steinemann T, Fletcher M et al.  Over-the-counter decorative contact lenses: cosmetic or medical device? A case series.  Eye & contact lens 2005 31(5);194-200

7.    Steinemann T, Pinninti U et al.  Ocular complications associated with the use of cosmetic contact lenses from unlicensed vendors.  Eye & contact lens 2003;29: 196-200

8.    Foulks G.  Prolonging contact lens wear and making contact lens wear safer.  American journal of ophthalmology 2006;141(2):369-373

9.    Yung A, Boost M et al. The effect of compliance enhancement strategy (self-review) on the level of lens care compliance and contamination of contact lenses and lens care accessories.  Clinical and experimental optometry 2007; 90(3):190-202


11.                        Willcox M, Carnt N et al. Contact lens case contamination during daily wear of silicone hydrogels.  Optometry and Vision Science 2010;87(7):456-464

12.                        Wu YT, Zhu H, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Impact of air-drying lens cases in various locations and positions.  Optometry and Vision Science. 2010;87(7):465-468



(p. 56) Contact Lens Case Reports: Aspheric Lenses for Keratoconus, By Patrick J. Caroline, FAAO, & Mark P. André, FAAO


  1. The Cascade Hypothesis of Keratoconus
    M. Cristina Kenny, Donald J. Brown
    Contact Lens & Anterior Eye 26 (2003) 139-146