Contact Lens Spectrum
The Role of Contact Lens Solution on Comfort is Overstated
By Brian Chou, OD, FAAO
Andrasko G, Ryen K. Corneal staining and comfort observed with traditional and silicone hydrogel lenses and multipurpose solution combinations. Optometry 2008;79:444-454.
Carnt N, Jalbert I, Stretton S, Naduvilath T, Papas E. Solution toxicity in soft contact lens daily wear is associated with corneal inflammation. Optom Vis Sci. 2007;84:309-315.
Dillehay SM. Does the level of available oxygen impact comfort in contact lens wear? A review of the literature. Eye Contact Lens. 2007;33:148-155.
Garofalo RJ, Dassanayake N, Carey C, Stein J, Stone R, David R. Corneal staining and subjective symptoms with multipurpose solutions as a function of time. Eye Contact Lens 2005;31:166-174.
Jones L, MacDougall N, Sorbara LG. Asymptomatic corneal staining associated with the use of balafilcon silicone-hydrogel contact lenses disinfected with a polyaminopropyl biguanide-preserved care regimen. Optom Vis Sci. 2002;79: 753-761.
Keir N, Wood CA, Dumbleton K, Jones L. Clinical performance of different care systems with silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2010;33:189-195.
Nichols JJ, Sinnott LT. Tear film, contact lens, and patient factors associated with corneal staining. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:1127-1137.
Papas E, Keay L, Golebriowski B. Estimating a just noticeable difference for ocular comfort in contact lens wearers. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011, Apr 15 [Epub ahead of print].
Ramamoorthy P, Sinnott LT, Nichols JJ. Treatment, material, care, and patient-related factors in contact lens-related dry eye. Optom Vis Sci. 2008; 85:764-772.
Walline J, Osborn K, Henderson T, Nichols J. Neophyte contact lens wearers versus spectacles for comfort and physiology. Presented at the American Academy of Optometry Annual Meeting, San Francisco, 2010.
Young G, Chalmers RL, Napier L, Hunt C, Kern J. Characterizing contact lens-related dryness symptoms in a cross-section of UK soft lens wearers. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2011;34:64-70.
Young G, Veys J, Pritchard N, Coleman S. A multi-centre study of lapsed contact lens wearers. Optom Physiol Opt. 2002;22:516-527.
Improved Contact Lens Comfort – The Solution Is in the Bottle
By Arthur B. Epstein, OD, FAAO
Hamano H. The change of precorneal tear film by the application of
contact lenses. Contact Intraocul Lens Med J. 1981;7:205-209.
Bruce AS, Mainstone JC, Golding TR. Analysis of tear film breakup on Etafilcon A hydrogel lenses. Biomaterials. 2001;22:3249-256.
Pg 10 & 11
CL Case Hygiene: Evidence-based Guidelines & Impact of Care Systems
by Loretta B. Szczotka-Flynn, OD, MS, FAAO
Clark BJ, Harkins LS, Munro FA, Devonshire P. Microbial Contamination of Cases Used for Storing Contact Lenses. J Infect 1994;28:293-304.
Gray TB, Cursons RT, Sherwan JF, Rose PR. Acanthamoeba, bacterial, and fungal contamination of contact lens storage cases. Br J Ophthalmol 1995;79:601-605.
Ho, Szczotka-Flynn et al. Susceptibility of fungal biofilms on worn soft contact lenses to lens care solutions. ARVO E abstract 6544. 2011.
Larkin DF, Kilvington S, Easty DL. Contamination of contact lens storage cases by acanthamoeba and bacteria. Br J Ophthalmol 1990;74:133-135.
Mayo MS, Schlitzer RL, Ward MA, Wilson LA, Ahearn DG. Association
of Pseudomonas and Serratia corneal ulcers with use of contaminated
solutions. J Clin Microbiol 1987;25:1398-1400.
Szczotka-Flynn LB, Pearlman E, Ghannoum M. Microbial contamination of contact lenses, lens care solutions, and their accessories: a literature review. Eye Contact Lens. 2010;36(2):116-129.
Szczotka-Flynn LB, Imamura Y, Chandra J, et al. Increased resistance of contact lens-related bacterial biofilms to antimicrobial activity of soft contact lens care solutions. Cornea. 2009;28:918-926.
Vermeltfoort PB, Hooymans JM, Busscher HJ, van der Mei HC. Bacterial transmission from lens storage cases to contact lenses: Effects of lens care solutions and silver impregnation of cases. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2008;87:237-243.
Willcox MD, Carnt N, Diec J, et al. Contact lens case contamination during daily wear of silicone hydrogels. Optom Vis Sci 2010;87:456-464.
Wilson LA, Sawant AD, Simmons RB, Ahearn DG. Microbial contamination of contact lens storage cases and solutions. Am J Ophthalmol 1990;110:193-198.
Wu YT, Zhu H, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Removal of biofilm from contact lens storage cases. IOVS 2010; 51:6329-6333.
Wu YT, Zhu H, Harmis NY, Iskandar SY, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Profile and frequency of microbial contamination of contact lens cases. Optom Vis Sci 2010;87:E152-E158.
Wu YT, Zhu H, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Impact of air-drying lens cases in various locations and positions. Optom Vis Sci 2010;87:465-468.
Prescribing for Presbyopia
Considerations of the Aging Eye When Fitting Contact Lenses
By Jason R. Miller, OD, MBA, FAAO
Nichols J. Contact Lenses 2010. Contact Lens Spectrum. January 2011.
Contact Lens Design & Materials
Effect of Contact Lens Material on Solution Performance
By Neil Pence, OD, FAAO
Jones L, MacDougall N, Sorbara LG. Asymptomatic corneal staining associated with the use of balaficon silicone-hydrogel contact lenses disinfected with a polyaminopropyl biguanide-preserved care regiman. Optom Vis Sci 2002;79:753-761.
Sentell KB, Beaullieu E. Comparison of preservative uptake and release profiles of PHMB from soft contact lens care products by silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004;45: E-Abstract 1573.
Rosenthal RA, Dassanayake NL, Schlitzer RL, Schlech BA, Meadows DL, Stone RP. Biocide uptake in contact lenses and loss of fungicidal activity during storage of contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2006;32: 262-266.
Zhao Z, Carnt NA, Aliwarga Y, et al. Care regimen and lens material influence on silicone hydrogel contact lens deposition. Optom Vis Sci. 2009;86:251-259.
Dry Eye Diagnosis and Treatment
Lipids and Proteins in Dry Eye
By William Townsend, OD, FAAO
Rumpakis J New data on contact lens dropout; an international perspective. Rev Optom 2010 Jan
Nichols JJ, Mitchell GL, King-Smith PE. The impact of contact lens care solutions on the thickness of the tear film and contact lens. Cornea. 2005 Oct;24(7):825-32.
Suvajac G. Soft-contact-lenses-induced complications. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2008 Jan;65(1):15-20.
Jones L, Senchyna M, Glasier MA, Schickler J, Forbes I, Louie D, May C. Lysozyme and lipid deposition on silicone hydrogel contact lens materials. Eye Contact Lens. 2003 Jan;29(1 Suppl):S75-9; discussion S83-4, S192-4.
Carney FP, Morris CA, Milthorpe B, Flanagan JL, Willcox MD. In vitro adsorption of tear proteins to hydroxyethyl methacrylate-based contact lens materials. Eye Contact Lens. 2009 Nov;35(6):320-8.
Nichols JJ. Annual Report Contact Lenses 2010. Contact lens Spectrum 2011 Jan.
Guillon M, Maissa C. Contact lens wear affects tear film evaporation. Eye Contact Lens. 2008 Nov;34(6):326-30.
McCulley JP, Shine WE. Meibomian gland function and the tear lipid layer. Ocul Surf. 2003 Jul;1(3):97-106.
Sindt CW, Longmuir RA. Contact lens strategies for the patient with dry eye. Ocul Surf. 2007 Oct;5(4):294-307.
Contact lens practice pearls
Keeping Symptomatic Patients in Contact Lenses
By Thomas G. Quinn, OD, MS, FAAO
Laurenzi A. An often overlooked source of lens-related dryness, Contact Lens Spectrum, June 2008.
Wu Y, et al. Removal of biofilm in lens storage cases, Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Optometry, San Francisco, November 17, 2010
Woods C, et al. Compliance with lens care and contact lens case care and replacement, Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Optometry, San Francisco, November 18, 2010.
Pediatric and Teen CL Care
Are Kids Safe From Dry Eye?
By Katie L. Greiner, OD, MS & Christine W. Sindt, OD, FAAO
Nichols JJ, Mitchell GL, Nichols KK, et al. The performance of the contact
lens dry eye questionnaire as a screening survey for contact lens-related dry
eye. Cornea 2002;21:469–475.
Nichols JJ, Mitchell GL, Nichols KK. An assessment of self-reported disease
classification in epidemiological studies of dry eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis
Enoch J. The fitting of hydrophilic (soft) contact lenses to infants and young
children. I. Menstruation data on aphakic eyes of children born with
congenital cataracts. Contact Lens Bull 1972;5:36–40.
Ramamoorthy P, Sinnott LT, Nichols JJ. Treatment, material, care, and
patient-related factors in contact lens-related dry eye. Optom Vis Sci 2008;85:
Begley CG, Caffery B, Nichols KK, et al. Responses of contact lens wearers
to a dry eye survey. Optom Vis Sci 2000;77:40–46.
Comparing Dry Eye and CLIDE
By William L. Miller, OD, PhD, FAAO
Begley CG, Chalmers RL, Mitchell GL, et al. Characterization of ocular surface symptoms from optometric practices in North America. Cornea 2001;20:610-618.
Chalmers R, Long B, Dillehay S, Begley C. Improving contact lens-related dryness symptoms with silicone hydrogel lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2008;85:778-784.
Pult H, Murphy PJ, Purslow C. A novel method to predict dry eye symptoms in new contact lens wearers. Optom Vis Sci. 2009;86:1042-1050.