Contact Lens Spectrum


May 2012

Document #198



(p. 15) Prescribing for Presbyopia – The Visual Give and Take of Multifocal Correction

By Thomas G. Quinn, OD, MS, FAAO


Rajagopalan et al Optom Vis Sci. 2006 Aug;83(8):611-5.


Situ, P et al, Successful Monovision Contact  Lens

Wearers Refitted with Bifocal Contact Lenses, Eye

Contact Lens, July 2003.




(p. 16) GP Insights – A Fresh Look at Myopia Protocol

By Richard L. Anderson, OD, FOAA, & Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd, FAAO


National Guideline Clearinghouse. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Search term: “myopia” retrieved 03/05/12


Morgan IG, et al Is emmetropia the natural endpoint for human refractive development? An analysis of population-based data from the refractive error study in children (RESC) Acta Ophthalmologica. 2010 Dec;88(8):877-84


Morgan I, Rose K. How genetic is school myopia? Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. 2005 Jan;24(1):1-38.


Smith, E. Prentice Award Lecture 2010: A Case for Peripheral Optical Treatment Strategies for Myopia

Optometry and Vision Science 2011 September 88(9):1029-1044


Ganesan P, Wildsoet C. Pharmaceutical intervention for myopia control. Expert Review of Ophthalmology. 2010 December 1; 5(6): 759–787.


Jones LA. et al. Parental History of Myopia, Sports and Outdoor Activities, and Future Myopia. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 2007 August  vol. 48 no. 8 3524-3532


Lin Z, et al. Peripheral Defocus with Single-Vision Spectacle Lenses in Myopic Children.  Optometry & Vision Science: 2010 January  87(1): 4-9


Vitale S, et al. Increased Prevalence of Myopia in the United States Between 1971-1972 and 1999-2004.  Archives of Ophthalmology. 2009;127(12):1632-1639.


Walline JJ, et al. Interventions to slow progression of nearsightedness in children  The Cochrane Library Published Online: 7 DEC 2011


Walline JJ, et al. Corneal reshaping and myopia progression. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2009;93:1181-1185


Queirós A, et al.  Peripheral refraction in myopic patients after orthokeratology.  Optometry and Visual Science. 2010 May;87(5):323-9.




(p. 19) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – One Eye Dry? Managing Unilateral Dry Eye, Part 1

By William Townsend, OD, FAAO


Jianping G, Geber-Scjwa;b T, Addeo J, Stern. Apoptosis in the lacrimal gland and conjunctiva of dry eye dogs. in Lacrimal gland, tear film, and dry eye syndromes 2. Eds Sullivan DA, et al. Penum Press, New York, 1998.


Kosins AM, Hurvitz KA, Evans GRD, Wirth GA. Facial paralysis for the plastic surgeon. Can J Plast Surg 2007;15(2):77-82.


Toshida H, Nguyen DH, Beuerman RW, Murakami A. Evaluation of novel dry eye model: preganglionic parasympathetic denervation in rabbit. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Oct;48(10):4468-75.


Tiemstra JD, Khatkhate N. Bell's palsy: diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Oct 1;76(7):997-1002.




(p. 23) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Hydrogen Peroxide Contact Lens Disinfection, Part 1

By Susan J. Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO


Gromacki SJ.  Taking a Closer Look at Hydrogen Peroxide Products.  Contact Lens Spectrum 22(2):26.


Gromacki SJ.  Hydrogen Peroxide Disinfection.  Contact Lens Spectrum 21(12):19.


AC Nielsen MarketTrack data for Drug+ Grocery+ Mass Merchandiser retail sales:  13 Weeks ending December 1, 2011.


AC Nielsen MarketTrack data for Drug+ Grocery+ Mass Merchandiser retail sales:  12 Weeks ending May 13, 2006.


Shoff ME, Joslin CE, Tu EY, Kubatko L, Fuerst PA. Efficacy of contact lens systems against recent clinical and tap water Acanthamoeba isolates. Cornea. Jul 2008;27(6):713-719.


Johnston SP, Sriram R, Qvarnstrom Y, et al. Resistance of Acanthamoeba Cysts to Disinfection in Multiple Contact Lens Solutions. J Clin Microbiol Apr 29 2009.


Hughes R, Kilvington S. Comparison of hydrogen peroxide contact lens disinfection systems and solutions against Acanthamoeba polyphaga. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2001;45:2038–2043.


Chang DC, Grant GB, O’Donnell K, et al.  Multisite outbreak of Fusarium

keratitis associated with use of a contact lens solution.  JAMA 2006;



Verani JR, Suchita A, Lorick JS et al. National Outbreak of Acanthamoeba Keratitis Associated with Use of a Contact Lens Solution, United States.  Emerg Infect Dis 2009 August; 15(8):1236–1242.


Chalmers RL, Wagner H, Mitchell GL, et al.  Age and other risk factors for corneal infiltrative and inflammatory events in young soft contact lens wearers from the contact lens assessment in youth (CLAY) study.  IOVS 2011;52:6690-6696.


Carnt NA, Evans VE, Naduvilath TJ et al.  Contact lens-related adverse events and the silicone hydrogel lenses and daily wear care system used.  Arch Ophthalmol 2009;127(12):1616-1623.


Contact Lens Research Services.  Available at (Accessed March 14, 2012.)


Rosenthal RA, McNamee LS, Schlech BA.  Continuous anti-microbial activity of CL disinfectants.  CL Forum 1988;13(11):72-75.


Lowe R, Vallas V, Brennan NA.  Comparative efficacy of contact lens disinfection solutions.  CLAO J 1992;18(1):34-40.


Millard KA, Groemminger S, Cavet M et al.  Time course evaluation of residual hydrogen peroxide and in vitro effects of peroxide lens care solutions.  Optom Vis Sci 2011;E-abstract 115385.




(p. 24) New Concepts in Combination Lenses

By Robert L. Davis, OD, FAAO; S. Barry Eiden, OD, FAAO; & Mary Anne Murphy, OD


Lipson MJ, Musch DC. Synergeyes versus soft toric lenses: vision-related quality of life. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 July:(7:593-7





(p. 28) Advances in Contact Lens Practice

By Barry A. Weissman, OD, PhD


van der Worp E. A Guide to Scleral Lens Fitting. Pacific University 2010.


Weissman BA, Ye P. Calculated tear oxygen tension under contact lenses offering resistance in series: piggyback and scleral lenses. Contact Lens Ant Eye 29:231-237 2006.


Schein OD, McNally JJ, Katz J, Chalmers RL, Tielsch JM, Alfonso E, Bullimore M, O'Day D, Shovlin J. The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30-day silicone hydrogel extended wear contact lens.  Ophthalmol 2005;112(12):2172-2179.


Smith EL 3rd. Prentice Award Lecture 2010: A case for peripheral optical treatment strategies for myopia. Optom Vis Sci. 2011 Sep;88(9):1029-44.


Weissman BA, Mondino BJ, Pettit TH, et al.  Corneal ulcers associated with extended wear soft contact lenses.  Am J Ophthalmol 1984; 97:476-81.


Lee et al, Eye and Contact Lens. In Press. 


Fleiszig SM, Evans DJ. Pathogenesis of contact lens-associated microbial keratitis. Optom Vis Sci 2010; 87: 225-232.


Joslin,C.E. Tu,E.Y. Shoff,M.E. Anderson,R.J. Davis,F.G. Shifting distribution of Chicago-area Acanthamoeba keratitis cases. Arch Ophthalmol 2010;128(1):137-139.


Willcox M. Microbiology and contact lens wear. Contact Lens Spectrum 2011;4:34-39.


Alizedeh H, He Y-G, McCulley JP et al. Successful immunization against Acanthamoeba keratitis in a pig model. Cornea 1995; 14:180-186.


Gell PG, Coombs RRA. Clinical Aspects of Immunolog. Blackwell, Philadelphia,1963.


Allansmith MR, Korb DR, Greiner JV, et al.  Giant papillary conjunctivitis in contact lens wearers.  Am J Ophthalmol 1977; 83:697-708.




(p. 34) The Current Research on Hyaluronan

By Marjorie J. Rah, OD, PhD


1.         Bennett ES, Weissman BA. Clinical Contact Lens Practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.

2.         Rosen MJ. Reduction of Surface and Interfacial Tension by Surfactants. Surfactants and interfacial phenomena: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1978:207-239.

3.         Burke SE, Scheuer CA, Doty KC, Fridman KM, Liranso T. Retention and release of the wetting agent combination found in a novel multi-purpose solution from hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2011;88:E-abstract 115701.

4.         Lapcik L, Jr., Lapcik L, De Smedt S, Demeester J, Chabrecek P. Hyaluronan: Preparation, Structure, Properties, and Applications. Chem Rev. Dec 17 1998;98(8):2663-2684.

5.         Stuart JC, Linn JG. Dilute sodium hyaluronate (Healon) in the treatment of ocular surface disorders. Ann Ophthalmol. Mar 1985;17(3):190-192.

6.         Fraser JR, Laurent TC, Laurent UB. Hyaluronan: its nature, distribution, functions and turnover. J Intern Med. Jul 1997;242(1):27-33.

7.         Laurent TC, Laurent UB, Fraser JR. The structure and function of hyaluronan: An overview. Immunol Cell Biol. Apr 1996;74(2):A1-7.

8.         Frescura M, Berry M, Corfield A, Carrington S, Easty DL. Evidence of hyaluronan in human tears and secretions of conjunctival cultures. Biochem Soc Trans. May 1994;22(2):228S.

9.         Yoshida K, Nitatori Y, Uchiyama Y. Localization of glycosaminoglycans and CD44 in the human lacrimal gland. Arch Histol Cytol. Dec 1996;59(5):505-513.

10.       Lerner LE, Schwartz DM, Hwang DG, Howes EL, Stern R. Hyaluronan and CD44 in the human cornea and limbal conjunctiva. Exp Eye Res. Oct 1998;67(4):481-484.

11.       Presti D, Scott JE. Hyaluronan-mediated protective effect against cell damage caused by enzymatically produced hydroxyl (OH.) radicals is dependent on hyaluronan molecular mass. Cell Biochem Funct. Dec 1994;12(4):281-288.

12.       Szczotka-Flynn L. Chemical properties of contact lens rewetters. CL Spectrum. 2006;21(4).

13.       Scheuer CA, Doty K, Liranso T, Burke SE. Wetting agent retention and release from hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:E-Abstract 6487.

14.       Reddy IK. Ocular Therapeutics and Drug Delivery. Lancaster, PA: Technomic Publishing Company Inc.; 1996.

15.       Scheuer CA, Su S, Zhang L. Hyaluronan in human tears before and after exposure to contact lens care solution. Optom Vis Sci. 2011;88:E-abstract 115539.

16.       Wygladacz KA, Hook DJ, Merchea M, Maziarz P. Visualization of hyaluronic acid contact lens surface coverage using DIC and confocal imaging. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53:E-abstract: 4730.




(p. 38) Soft Lens Material Choices and Selection

By Gregory W. DeNaeyer, OD, FAAO





(p. 45) Treatment Plan - Identifying and Treating MC

By William L. Miller, OD, PhD, FAAO


Pannell RS, Fleming DM and Cross KW The incidence of molluscum contagiosum, scabies and lichen planus. Epidemiol Infect. Dec;133(6):985-91, 2005


Leahey AB, Shane JJ, Listhaus A et al. M Molluscum contagiosum eyelid lesions as the initial manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol. Aug;124(2):240-1, 1997


Biswas J, Therese L, Kumarasamy N, Solomon S, Yesudian P.

Lid abscess with extensive molluscum contagiosum in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Indian J Ophthalmol. Dec;45(4):234-6, 1997


Schwartz JJ, Myskowski PL. Molluscum contagiosum and human immunodeficiency virus. Arch Dermatol. Oct;128(10):1407-8, 1992.


Cantisani C, Lazic T, Richetta AG, Clerico R, Mattozzi C, Calvieri S. Imiquimod 5% cream use in dermatology, side effects and recent patents. Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov. Jan;6(1):65-9, 2012


Köse O, Ozmen I, Arca E. An open, comparative study of 10% potassium hydroxide solution versus salicylic and lactic acid combination in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children. J Dermatolog Treat. 2012 Jan 31, 2012


Marsal JR, Cruz I, Teixido C, Diez O, Martinez M, Galindo G, Real J, Schoenenberger JA, Pera H. Efficacy and tolerance of the topical application of potassium hydroxide (10% and 15%) in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum: randomized clinical trial: research protocol. BMC Infect Dis. Oct 19;11:278, 2011



Seo SH, Chin HW, Jeong DW, Sung HW.  An open, randomized, comparative clinical and histological study of imiquimod 5% cream versus 10% potassium hydroxide solution in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum. Ann Dermatol. May;22(2):156-62, 2010




(p. 46) Reader and Industry Forum - Tearing the Tears Apart

By Yousra Djalal; Etty Bitton, OD, MSc, FAAO; & Lyndon Jones FCOptom, PhD, FAAO



(p. 48) Reader and Industry Forum - Corneal Infiltrative Events: More Common Than You Think

By Derek Cunningham, OD, FAAO


Chalmers RL, McNally JJ, Keay LJ, Kern JR. Risk factors for corneal infiltrative events in soft contact lens (SCL) wearers: A case control study in 2010. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52(Suppl):E-Abstract 6488.

Kislan TP. Case characteristics of persons presenting with contact lens-associated infiltrative keratitis (CLAIK) with multipurpose solutions and contact lens combinations. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52(suppl):E-Abstract 6521.

Shovlin J, Eiden SB, Hom MM, Cunningham D, Myers J, Sacco A, Stiegemeier MJ. Contact Lens Spectrum. April 2011;26(suppl).

Ventocilla M. Contact lens complications. Medscape Reference. 8 March 2011. Available at: Accessed 23 September 2011.



(p. 56) Contact Lens Case Reports - Scleral Lens Settling

By Patrick J. Caroline, FAAO, & Mark P. André, FAAO


1. Personal communication with John Mountford, January 2012.


End Document #198