Contact Lens Spectrum


August 2012

Document #201



(p. 16) Prescribing for Astigmatism – Contact Lenses for Astigmatic Presbyopes

By Thomas G. Quinn, OD, MS, FAAO


Johnson T et al, Multifocals vs Monovision: A Comparative Study, CLAO, February



Michaud L et al, Empirical Fitting of Soft or Rigid Gas-Permeable Contact Lenses for   the Correction of Moderate to Severe Refractive Astigmatism: A Comparative Study, Optometry 2009, 80: 375-383.





(p. 21) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – One Eye Dry? Managing Unilateral Dry Eye, Part 2

By William Townsend, OD, FAAO




(p. 24) Using Advanced Technologies for Contact Lens Fitting

By By S. Barry Eiden, OD, FAAO; Gregory W. DeNaeyer, OD, FAAO; Shana Brafman, OD; Jennifer Harthan, OD, FAAO; & Robert Davis, OD, FAAO


1. Orsborn G.N., Zantos S.G., Godio L.B., Jones W.F. Aspheric Rigid Gas Permeable Contact Lenses: Practitioner Discrimination of Base Curve Increments Using Fluorescein Pattern Evaluation. Optometry and Vision Science. 1989. Vol. 66 No.4.

2. Brungardt T.F. Fluorescein Patterns: They are Accurate and They Can Be Mastered. Journal of the American Optometric Association. July, 1961.

3. Caroline P.J., Andre M.P., Norman C.W. Corneal Topography and Computerized Contact Lens Fitting Modules. International Contact Lens Clinic. September/October 1994. Vol. 21.

4. Kojima R., Caroline P.J. Designing GPs from Corneal Topography. Contact Lens Spectrum. October 2009.

5. Sindt C.W. , Grout T.K., Kojima R. Evaluating Virtual Fitting for Keratoconus. Contact Lens Spectrum. May 2011.

6. Jeandervin M. Computer-Aided Contact Lens Fitting with the Corneal Topographer. Contact Lens Spectrum. March 1998.

7. Gemoules G. A Novel Method of Fitting Scleral Contact Lenses Using High Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography. Eye and Contact Lens. March 2008.



(p. 32) Multifocal Lenses Versus Multifocal IOLs

By Aaron B. Zimmerman, OD, MS, FAAO, & Andrew Emch, OD, MS, FAAO


Alio, J. L., M. Tavolato, et al. (2004). "Near vision restoration with refractive lens exchange and pseudoaccommodating and multifocal refractive and diffractive intraocular lenses: comparative clinical study." J Cataract Refract Surg 30(12): 2494-2503.

Ardaya, D., G. DeVuono, et al. (2004). "The effect of add power on distance vision with the acuvue bifocal contact lens." Optometry 75(3): 169-174.

Bennett, E. S. (2008). "Contact lens correction of presbyopia." Clin Exp Optom 91(3): 265-278.

CDC. (1996). ""   Retrieved June 11, 2012.

Chiam, P. J., J. H. Chan, et al. (2007). "Functional vision with bilateral ReZoom and ReSTOR intraocular lenses 6 months after cataract surgery." J Cataract Refract Surg 33(12): 2057-2061.

Cillino, S., A. Casuccio, et al. (2008). "One-year outcomes with new-generation multifocal intraocular lenses." Ophthalmology 115(9): 1508-1516.

Cochener, B., L. Fernandez-Vega, et al. (2010). "Spectacle independence and subjective satisfaction of ReSTOR multifocal intraocular lens after cataract or presbyopia surgery in two European countries." Clin Ophthalmol 4: 81-89.

Cumming, J. S., D. M. Colvard, et al. (2006). "Clinical evaluation of the Crystalens AT-45 accommodating intraocular lens: results of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration clinical trial." J Cataract Refract Surg 32(5): 812-825.

de Vries, N. E., C. A. Webers, et al. (2010). "Visual outcomes after cataract surgery with implantation of a 3.00 D or 4.00 D aspheric diffractive multifocal intraocular lens: Comparative study." J Cataract Refract Surg 36(8): 1316-1322.

Durrie, D. S. (2006). "The effect of different monovision contact lens powers on the visual function of emmetropic presbyopic patients (an American Ophthalmological Society thesis)." Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 104: 366-401.

Ferrer-Blasco, T., D. Madrid-Costa, et al. (2011). "Stereopsis in bilaterally multifocal pseudophakic patients." Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 249(2): 245-251.

Forte, R. and P. Ursoleo (2009). "The ReZoom multifocal intraocular lens: 2-year follow-up." Eur J Ophthalmol 19(3): 380-383.

Gierek-Ciaciura, S., L. Cwalina, et al. (2010). "A comparative clinical study of the visual results between three types of multifocal lenses." Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 248(1): 133-140.

Holden, B. A., T. R. Fricke, et al. (2008). "Global vision impairment due to uncorrected presbyopia." Arch Ophthalmol 126(12): 1731-1739.

Krader, CG. Intraocular lens choices continue to expand. Ophthalmology Times, Oct 2011.

Lane, S. S., M. Morris, et al. (2006). "Multifocal intraocular lenses." Ophthalmol Clin North Am 19(1): 89-105, vi.

Macsai, M. S., L. Padnick-Silver, et al. (2006). "Visual outcomes after accommodating intraocular lens implantation." J Cataract Refract Surg 32(4): 628-633.

Marcos, S., S. Barbero, et al. (2005). "Optical quality and depth-of-field of eyes implanted with spherical and aspheric intraocular lenses." J Refract Surg 21(3): 223-235.

Nakagawara, V. B. and S. J. Veronneau (2000). "Monovision contact lens use in the aviation environment: a report of a contact lens-related aircraft accident." Optometry 71(6): 390-395.

Nichols, J. (2012). "Contact lenses 2011." Contact Lens Spectrum(January): 20-25.

Pepose, J. S., M. A. Qazi, et al. (2007). "Visual performance of patients with bilateral vs combination Crystalens, ReZoom, and ReSTOR intraocular lens implants." Am J Ophthalmol 144(3): 347-357.

Pepose, J. S., D. Wang, et al. (2011). "Comparison of through-focus image quality across five presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (an American Ophthalmological Society thesis)." Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 109: 221-231.

Reeves, S. W. (2009). Focal Points 7: 1-17.

Richdale, K., G. L. Mitchell, et al. (2006). "Comparison of multifocal and monovision soft contact lens corrections in patients with low-astigmatic presbyopia." Optom Vis Sci 83(5): 266-273.

Sen, H. N., A. U. Sarikkola, et al. (2004). "Quality of vision after AMO Array multifocal intraocular lens implantation." J Cataract Refract Surg 30(12): 2483-2493.

Sheppard, A. L. and L. N. Davies (2011). "The effect of ageing on in vivo human ciliary muscle morphology and contractility." Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52(3): 1809-1816.

Stachs, O., H. Schneider, et al. (2006). "Pharmacological-induced haptic changes and the accommodative performance in patients with the AT-45 accommodative IOL." J Refract Surg 22(2): 145-150.

Stachs, O., H. Schneider, et al. (2005). "Potentially accommodating intraocular lenses--an in vitro and in vivo study using three-dimensional high-frequency ultrasound." J Refract Surg 21(1): 37-45.

Steinert, R. F., B. L. Aker, et al. (1999). "A prospective comparative study of the AMO ARRAY zonal-progressive multifocal silicone intraocular lens and a monofocal intraocular lens." Ophthalmology 106(7): 1243-1255.

Vale, A., A. Scally, et al. (2008). "The effects of monocular refractive blur on gait parameters when negotiating a raised surface." Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 28(2): 135-142.

Vingolo, E. M., P. Grenga, et al. (2007). "Visual acuity and contrast sensitivity: AcrySof ReSTOR apodized diffractive versus AcrySof SA60AT monofocal intraocular lenses." J Cataract Refract Surg 33(7): 1244-1247.

Wang, X., J. P. McCulley, et al. (2002). "Time to resolution of contact lens-induced corneal warpage prior to refractive surgery." CLAO J 28(4): 169-171.

Wang, Y., K. Zhao, et al. (2003). "Changes of higher order aberration with various pupil sizes in the myopic eye." J Refract Surg 19(2 Suppl): S270-274.

Winn, B., D. Whitaker, et al. (1994). "Factors affecting light-adapted pupil size in normal human subjects." Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 35(3): 1132-1137.

Yuen, L., W. Trattler, et al. (2008). "Two cases of Z syndrome with the Crystalens after uneventful cataract surgery." J Cataract Refract Surg 34(11): 1986-1989.



(p. 38) Testing Care Solutions: Need for Evolution

By James Lonnen, PhD


DART, J. K., STAPLETON, F. & MINASSIAN, D. 1991. Contact lenses and other risk factors in microbial keratitis. Lancet, 338, 650-3.

BOURCIER, T., THOMAS, F., BORDERIE, V., CHAUMEIL, C. & LAROCHE, L. 2003. Bacterial keratitis: predisposing factors, clinical and microbiological review of 300 cases. Br J Ophthalmol, 87, 834-8.

ELDER, M. J., STAPLETON, F., EVANS, E. & DART, J. K. 1995. Biofilm-related infections in ophthalmology. Eye (Lond), 9 ( Pt 1), 102-9.

MCLAUGHLIN-BORLACE, L., STAPLETON, F., MATHESON, M. & DART, J. K. 1998. Bacterial biofilm on contact lenses and lens storage cases in wearers with microbial keratitis. J Appl Microbiol, 84, 827-38.

GRAY, T. B., CURSONS, R. T., SHERWAN, J. F. & ROSE, P. R. 1995. Acanthamoeba, bacterial, and fungal contamination of contact lens storage cases. Br J Ophthalmol, 79, 601-5.

KILVINGTON, S. & LARKIN, D. F. 1990. Acanthamoeba adherence to contact lenses and removal by cleaning agents. Eye (Lond), 4 ( Pt 4), 589-93.

IMAYASU, M., PETROLL, W. M., JESTER, J. V., PATEL, S. K., OHASHI, J. & CAVANAGH, H. D. 1994. The relation between contact lens oxygen transmissibility and binding of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to the cornea after overnight wear. Ophthalmology, 101, 371-88.

LIESEGANG, T. J. 1997. Contact lens-related microbial keratitis: Part II: Pathophysiology. Cornea, 16, 265-73.

International Organization for Standardization ISO. ISO 14729: ophthalmic optics—contact lens care products—microbiological requirements and test methods for products and regimens for hygienic management of contact lenses. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization; 2001.

  Radford, C.F., Lehmann, O.J. and Dart, J.K. 1998 Br. J. Ophthalmol. 82, 1387–1392.

Kilvington, S, Powell, C. H, Lonnen, J.  2011.  Antimicrobial efficacy of multi-purpose contact lens disinfectant solutions following evaporation.  Cont Lens Anterior Eye 34:183-7.

  Heaselgrave W, Lonnen J, Kilvington S. “Efficacy of contact lens care solutions against clinical microorganisms.” Presented at British Contact Lens Association Clinical Conference, Manchester, UK, May 26-29, 2011.

Kilvington, S., Larkin, D.F., White, D.G. and Beeching, J.R. 1990. Laboratory investigation of Acanthamoeba keratitis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 28, 2722–2725.




(p. 44) Contact Lens Practice Pearls – Education is Key to Improving Lens Replacement Compliance

By Gregory J. Nixon, OD, FAAO


Dumbleton K, Woods C, et al. Patient and practitioner compliance with silicone hydrogel and daily disposable lens replacement in the United States. Eye & Contact Lens. 2009;35(4): 164-171.




(p. 48) Pediatric and Teen CL Care – High Myopia in Childhood

By Christine W. Sindt, OD, FAAO


Cook RC, Glassock RE. Refractive and ocular findings in the

newborn. Am J Ophthalmol1 951; 34:1407-1 3.


Laatikainan L, Erkkila H. Proportion of myopia in visual

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Eye (Lond). 2001 Feb;15(Pt 1):70-4.

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Marr JE, Halliwell-Ewen J, Fisher B, Soler L, Ainsworth JR.


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    Marr JE, Halliwell-Ewen J, Fisher B, Soler L, Ainsworth JR.


    Optometry. 2000 Mar;71(3):177-82.

  •    The Stickler syndrome: case reports and literature review.

    Bowling EL, Brown MD, Trundle TV.

  • Liberfarb rm, goldblatt a. prevalence of mitral valve prolapse in the stickler syndrome. American journal of med genet 1986; 24

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    Joint Bone Spine. 2011 Jan;78(1):45-9. Epub 2010 May 11.

  •       Early-onset progressive osteoarthritis with hereditary progressive ophtalmopathy or Stickler syndrome

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    Curtin BJ: The Myopias: Basic Science and Clinical Management. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1985.



    (p. 50) Treatment Plan – A New IOP-Lowering Medication

    By Leo Semes, OD, FAAO


  •      Pflugfelder SC, Baudouin C. Challenges in the clinical measurement of ocular surface disease in glaucoma patients. Clin Ophthalmol. 2011;5:1575-83. Epub 2011 Nov 1.

  •      Ermiş SS. Differential pharmacology and clinical utility of preservative-free tafluprost in the treatment of ocular hypertension and glaucoma. Clin Ophthalmol. 2012;6:673-8. Epub 2012 May 7.


  •      Ranno S, Sacchi M, Brancato C, Gilardi D, Lembo A, Nucci P. Prospective Study Evaluating IOP Changes after Switching from a Therapy with Prostaglandin Eye Drops Containing Preservatives to Nonpreserved Tafluprost in Glaucoma Patients. ScientificWorldJournal. 2012;2012:804730. Epub 2012 Apr 19.

  •      [No authors listed] Tafluprost (Zioptan) - a new topical prostaglandin for glaucoma. Med Lett Drugs Ther. 2012 Apr 16;54(1388):31-2. No abstract available. Erratum in: Med Lett Drugs Ther. 2012 Apr 30;54(1389):36.


  •      Milla E, Stirbu O, Rey Aet al. Spanish multicenter tafluprost tolerability study. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jun;96(6):826-31. Epub 2012 Mar 7.

  •      Chabi A, Varma R, Tsai JC, et al. Randomized Clinical Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Preservative-free Tafluprost and Timolol in Patients With Open-Angle Glaucoma or Ocular Hypertension. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jun;153(6):1187-96. Epub 2012 Feb 4.


  •      Janulevičienė I, Derkač I, Grybauskiene L, Paulauskaitė R, Gromnickaite R, Kuzmienė L. Effects of preservative-free tafluprost on tear film osmolarity, tolerability, and intraocular pressure in previously treated patients with open-angle glaucoma.  Clin Ophthalmol. 2012;6:103-9. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

  •      Choi HY, Lee JE, Lee JW, Park HJ, Lee JE, Jung JH. In vitro study of antiadipogenic profile of latanoprost, travoprost, bimatoprost, and tafluprost in human orbital preadiopocytes. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Apr;28(2):146-52. Epub 2011 Nov 22.


  •      Papadia M, Bagnis A, Scotto R, Traverso CE. Tafluprost for glaucoma. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2011 Oct;12(15):2393-401. Review.

  •    Aptel F, Denis P. Balancing efficacy and tolerability of prostaglandin analogues and prostaglandin-timolol fixed combinations in primary open-angle glaucoma. Curr Med Res Opin. 2011 Oct;27(10):1949-58. Epub 2011 Aug 31. Review.


  •          Nakano T, Yoshikawa K, Kimura T, Suzumura H, Nanno M, Noro T. Efficacy and safety of tafluprost in normal-tension glaucoma with intraocular pressure of 16 mmHg or less.   Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2011 Nov;55(6):605-13. Epub 2011 Aug 27.
  •      Pantcheva MB, Seibold LK, Awadallah NS, Kahook MY. Tafluprost: a novel prostaglandin analog for treatment of glaucoma.  Adv Ther. 2011 Sep;28(9):707-15. Epub 2011 Aug 18. Review.

  •       Erb C, Lanzl I, Seidova SF, Kimmich F. Preservative-free tafluprost 0.0015% in the treatment of patients with glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Adv Ther. 2011 Jul;28(7):575-85. Epub 2011 Jun 3.


  •    Hommer A, Kimmich F.  Switching patients from preserved prostaglandin-analog monotherapy to preservative-free tafluprost.  Clin Ophthalmol. 2011;5:623-31. Epub 2011 May 17.

  •             Fukano Y, Kawazu K, Akaishi T, Bezwada P, Pellinen P.  Metabolism and ocular tissue distribution of an antiglaucoma prostanoid, tafluprost, after ocular instillation to monkeys.  J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Jun;27(3):251-9. Epub 2011 Apr 14.


  •         Schnober D, Hofmann G, Maier H, Scherzer ML, Ogundele AB, Jasek MC. Diurnal IOP-lowering efficacy and safety of travoprost 0.004% compared with tafluprost 0.0015% in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Clin Ophthalmol. 2010 Dec 8;4:1459-63.

  •         Pozarowska D. Safety and tolerability of tafluprost in treatment of elevated intraocular pressure in open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Clin Ophthalmol. 2010 Oct 21;4:1229-36.

  •             Ammar DA, Noecker RJ, Kahook MY. Effects of benzalkonium chloride-preserved, polyquad-preserved, and sofZia-preserved topical glaucoma medications on human ocular epithelial cells. Adv Ther. 2010 Nov;27(11):837-45. Epub 2010 Oct 7.

  •              Hommer A. A review of preserved and preservative-free prostaglandin analogues for the treatment of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Drugs Today (Barc). 2010 Jun;46(6):409-16. Review. Erratum in: Drugs Today (Barc). 2010 Jul;46(7):543.

  •             Hommer A, Mohammed Ramez O, Burchert M, Kimmich F. IOP-lowering efficacy and tolerability of preservative-free tafluprost 0.0015% among patients with ocular hypertension or glaucoma. Curr Med Res Opin. 2010 Aug;26(8):1905-13.

  •             Uusitalo H, Chen E, Pfeiffer N, et al. Switching from a preserved to a preservative-free prostaglandin preparation in topical glaucoma medication. Acta Ophthalmol. 2010 May;88(3):329-36.

    End Document #201