Contact Lens Spectrum


September 2013

Document #214



(p. 16) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – The Mastrota Rotation

By Katherine M. Mastrota, MS, OD, FAAO

  1. 1.Zhao YE, Wu LP, Hu L, Xu JR. Association of blepharitis with Demodex: a meta-analysis. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2012 Apr;19(2):95-102.  

  2. 2.Kim JT, Lee SH, Chun YS, Kim JC.Cytokine. Tear cytokines and chemokines in patients with Demodex blepharitis. 2011 Jan;53(1):94-9. 

  3. 3. Mastrota KM. Method to identify demodex in the eyelash follicle without epilation. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Jun;90(6):e172-4. 

  4. 4.Gao YY, Xu DL, Huang lJ, Wang R, Tseng SC. Treatment of ocular itching associated with ocular demodicosis by 5% tea tree oil ointment. Cornea. 2012 Jan;31(1):14-7. 

  5. 5. Accessed June 22, 2013 





(p. 17) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Soft Lens Daily Cleaners

By Susan J. Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO

  1. 1.Subbaraman LN, Glasier MA, Senchyna M, Sheardown H, Jones L: Kinetics of in vitro lysozyme deposition on silicone hydrogel, PMMA, and FDA groups I, II, and IV contact lens materials. Curr Eye Res 2006; 31;10: 787-96. 

  2. 2.Suwala M, Glasier MA, Subbaraman LN, Jones L: Quantity and conformation of lysozyme deposited on conventional and silicone hydrogel contact lens materials using an in vitro model. Eye Contact Lens 2007; 33;3: 138-43. 

  3. 3.Santos L, Rodrigues D, Lira M, Oliveira ME, Oliveira R, Vilar EY, Azeredo J: The influence of surface treatment on hydrophobicity, protein adsorption and microbial colonisation of silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2007; 30;3: 183-8. 

  4. 4.Cheung SW, Cho P, Chan B, Choy C, Ng V: A comparative study of biweekly disposable contact lenses: silicone hydrogel versus hydrogel. Clin Exp Optom 2007; 90;2: 124-31. 

  5. 5.Jones L, Senchyna M, Glasier MA, et al. Lysozyme and lipid deposition on silicone hydrogel contact lens materials. Eye Contact Lens. 2003;29:S75–S79; discussion S83–S74, S192–S194. 

  6. 6. Maziarz EP, Stachowski MJ, Liu XM, et al. Lipid deposition on silicone hydrogel lenses, part I: quantification of oleic acid, oleic acid methyl ester, and cholesterol. Eye Contact Lens 2006;32:300–307. 

  7. 7.Tyler Thompson TT.  Tyler’s Quarterly 2013;30(3):66. 





(p. 18) Targeted Daily Disposable Prescribing

By Gregory J. Nixon, OD, FAAO


  1. 1.Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2012. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2013; Jan: 24. 

  2. 2.Morgan PB etal. International Contact Lens Prescribing in 2012. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2013; Jan: 31. 

  3. 3.Chalmers RL, Keay L, McNally J, Kern J. Multicenter case-control study of the role of lens materials and care products on the development of corneal infiltrates. Optom Vis Sci  2012;89(3):316-25. 


  1. 4.Stapleton F, Carnt N. Contact lens-related microbial keratitis: How have epidemiology and genetics helped us with pathogenesis and prophylaxis. Eye  2012;26(2):185-93. 


  1. 5.Dumbleton K, Woods C, Jones L, et al. Patient and practitioner compliance with silicone hydrogel and daily disposable lens replacement in the United States. Eye & Contact Lens  2009;35(4):164-171. 


  1. 6.Yeung K, Forister J, Forister E, et al. Compliance with soft contact lens replacement schedules and associated contact lens-related ocular complications: The UCLA Contact Lens Study. Optometry  2010;81:598-607. 


  1. 7.Richdale K, Sinnott LT, Skadahl E, Nichols JJ. Frequency of and factors associated with contact lens dissatisfaction and discontinuation. Corne a 2007;26:168-74. 


  1. 8.Rumpakis J. New data on contact lens dropouts: An international perspective. Rev Optom  2010; 147(1): 37-42. 



(p. 30) Customized Scleral Fit in a Case of Keratoconus

By Luciano Bastos & Marcelo Bittencourt, MD


  1. 1.Girard LJ, Soper JW, Gunn C. Corneal and Scleral Contact Lenses. Proceedings of the International Congress. St. Louis: Mosby, 1967 

  2. 2.Cochet P, Amiard H. Contact Lens International Clinics. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969 

  3. 3.Jenkin L, Tyler-Jones R. Theory and Practice of Contact Lens Fitting: Hatton Press 1969 

  4. 4.Girard LJ, Soper JW, Sampson WG. Corneal Contact Lenses. St. Louis: Mosby Co. 1970 

  5. 5.Black CJ, Rosenthal P, Kaufman HE et al. Symposium on Contact Lenses. Transactions – New Orleans Academy of Opthalmology. St Louis: Mosby, 1973 

  6. 6.Pena A. Bastos, S et all, Clínica de Lentes de Contato. Cultura Médica, 1989; pág. 69-79. 

  7. 7.Schein OD, Rosenthal P, Ducharme C. A Gas Permeable Scleral Lens for visual rehabilitation. Am J Ophthalmol, 1990; 109:318 

  8. 8.Romero-Rangel T, Stavrou P, Cotter J et all. Gas Permeable Ocular Prosthesis Therapy in Ocular Surface Desease. Am J Ophthalmology, 2000, 130: 25-32 

  9. 9.Rosenthal P, Cotter JM, Treatment of Persistent Epithelial Defect with extended wear of a fluid-ventilated  gas permeable  scleral contact lens Am J, Opthalm 2000; 130: 25-32  

  10. 10.Rosenthal P., Cotter JM. The Boston Ocular Surface Prosthesis in the management of the Severe Ocular Surface Desease. In: Foulks G. (ed.) Ophthalm Clin A Am 2003; 16: 89-93 

  11. 11.Cvintal T, Munarin MAM, Moro F. Complicações do Transplante de Córnea. São Paulo, Santos, 2004 

  12. 12.Philips AJ, Speedwell L, Morris J. Contact Lenses – 5th ed. Ed Butterworth Heinmann Elsevier 2007 

  13. 13.Banta JT. Ocular Trauma – Bascon Plamer Eye Institute. Miami, FL – Saunders Elsevier, 2007 

  14. 14.Duker JS, Macsal MS, Fontes BM. Anterior Segment – Rapid Diagnosys in Ophthalmology, St. Louis, Mosby Elsevier, 2008 

  15. 15.Bowden TJ. Contact Lens: The Story – Cornwall, UK. London: Bower House, 2009 

  16. 16.Godinho C, Dantas B, Sobrinho al. O Padrão CG em Lentes de Contato. Bastos, L. Cultura Médica;. pág. 301 a 313. 2010  

  17. 17.DeNaeyer, GW - Designing Lenses to Work Around Scleral Obstacles - Contact Lens Spectrum Magazine, August 2012   

  18. 18.van der Worp E. A Guide to Scleral Lens Fitting.Scleral Lens Education Society; 2010. 



(p. 38) Contact Lenses and Infiltrative Keratitis

By Christopher W. Lievens, OD, MS, FAAO


  1. 1.Szczotka-Flynn LB, Chalmers R. Corneal Infiltrates: Managing Risks with Soft Lens Wear. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2012 Jan:12-3. 

  2. 2.Efron N, Morgan PB. Can subtypes of contact lens-associated corneal infiltrative events be clinically differentiated? Cornea. 2006 Jun;25(5):540-4. 

  3. 3.Chalmers RL, McNally JJ, Schein OD, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Alfonso E, Bullimore M, O'Day D, Shovlin J. Risk factors for corneal infiltrates with continuous wear of contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 Jul;84(7):573-9. 

  4. 4.Stein RM, Clinch TE, Cohen EJ, Genvert GI, Arentsen JJ, Laibson PR. Infected vs sterile corneal infiltrates in contact lens wearers. Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Jun 15;105(6):632–636. 

  5. 5.Aasuri MK, Venkata N, Kumar VM. Differential diagnosis of microbial keratitis and contact lens-induced peripheral ulcer. Eye Contact Lens. 2003;29:S60-S62. 

  6. 6.Kilvington S, Shovlin J, Nikolic M.  Identification and susceptibility to multipurpose disinfectant solutions of bacteria isolated from contact lens storage cases of patients with corneal infiltrative events.  Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 Mar 1. pii: S1367-0484(13)00026-X. doi: 10.1016/j.clae.2013.02.001. 

  7. 7.Stahl S. Contact Lens Complications Resurface. Optometric Management. 2011 May:55-8. 

  8. 8.Carnt NA, Evans VE, Naduvilath TJ, Willcox MD, Papas EB, Frick KD, Holden BA. Contact lens-related adverse events and the silicone hydrogel lenses and daily wear care system used. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Dec;127(12):1616-23. 

  9. 9.Cohen EJ. Management of Small Corneal Infiltrates in Contact Lens Wearers. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000;118(2):276-277. 

  10. 10.Szczotka-Flynn L, Debanne SM, Cheruvu VK, Long B, Dillehay S, Barr J, Bergenske P, Donshik P, Secor G, Yoakum J. Predictive factors for corneal infiltrates with continuous wear of silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 Apr;125(4):488-92. 

  11. 11.Choy CK, Cho P, Boost MV. Cytotoxicity and effects on metabolism of contact lens care solutions on human corneal epithelium cells. Clin Exp Optom. 2012 Mar;95(2):198-206. 

  12. 12.Carnt N, Jalbert I, Stretton S, Naduvilath T, Papas E. Solution toxicity in soft contact lens daily wear is associated with corneal inflammation. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 Apr;84(4):309-15. 

  13. 13.Jones L, Powell CH.  Uptake and release phenomena in contact lens care by silicone hydrogel lenses.  Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39(1):29-36. 

  14. 14.Cole N, Garthwaite L, Chen R, Willcox MD. Effect of multipurpose solutions on cell morphology and cytokine production by corneal epithelial cells. Optom Vis Sci. 2012 Oct;89(10):1460-7. 

  15. 15.Shovlin JP. A Differential Diagnosis. Review of Optometry. 2011 Jan:85 

  16. 16.Stapleton F, Keay L, Jalbert I, Cole N. The epidemiology of contact lens related infiltrates. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 Apr;84(4):257-72. 

  17. 17.Willcox M, Sharma S, Naduvilath TJ, Sankaridurg PR, Gopinathan U, Holden BA. External ocular surface and lens microbiota in contact lens wearers with corneal infiltrates during extended wear of hydrogel lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2011 Mar;37(2):90-5. 

  18. 18.Willcox MD, Power KN, Stapleton F, Leitch C, Harmis N, Sweeney DF.  Potential sources of bacteria that are isolated from contact lenses during wear.  Optom Vis Sci. 1997 Dec;74(12):1030-8.24. 

  19. 19.Willcox MD, Carnt N, Diec J, Naduvilath T, Evans V, Stapleton F, Iskandar S, Harmis N, de la Jara PL, Holden BA.  Contact lens case contamination during daily wear of silicone hydrogels.  Optom Vis Sci. 2010 Jul;87(7):456-64. 

  20. 20.Sweeney DF, Stapleton F, Leitch C, Taylor J, Holden BA, Willcox MD. Microbial colonization of soft contact lenses over time. Optom Vis Sci. 2001 Feb;78(2):100-5. 

  21. 21.Chalmers RL, Keay L, McNally J, Kern J. Multicenter case-control study of the role of lens materials and care products on the development of corneal infiltrates. Optom Vis Sci. 2012 Mar;89(3):316-25. 

  22. 22.Brujic M, Brimer C. Contact Lenses and Infiltrates. Optometric Management. 2012 Jul:80-1. 

  23. 23.Szczotka-Flynn LB. Daily Wear Corneal Infiltrate Study. Abstract: American Academy of Optometry. 2012. 

  24. 24.Szczotka-Flynn L, Chalmers R.  Incidence and epidemiologic associations of corneal infiltrates with silicone hydrogel contact lenses.  Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39(1):49-52. 




(p. 44) Reviving the Art of Soft Lens Fitting

By Eef van der Worp, BOptom, PhD, FAAO, FIACLE, FBCLA, FSLS


  1. 1.Ng LT, Lee EM, Nguyen AL. Preoperative assessment of corneal and refractive stability in soft contact lens wearing photorefractive candidates. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 May;84(5):401-9. 
  2. 2.Reddy T, Szczotka LB, Roberts C. Peripheral corneal contour measured by topography influences soft toric contact lens fitting success. CLAO J. 2000 Oct;26(4):180-5. 

  3. 3.Schornack M. Hydrogel contact lens-induced corneal warpage. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2003;26:153–159. 

  4. 4.Szczotka LB, Roberts C, Herderick EE, Mahmoud A.Quantitative descriptors of corneal topography that influence soft toric contact lens fitting. Cornea. 2002 Apr;21(3):249-55. 

  5. 5.Young G, Schnider C, Hunt C, Efron S Corneal topography and soft contact lens fit. Optom Vis Sci. 2010 May;87(5):358-66. 

  • 6.Achong-Coan, R et al – Pacific University College of Optometry. The keratoconic versus the normal sclera. Poster: Global Specialty Lens Symposium 2012, Las Vegas 

  • 7.van der Worp E, Graf T, Caroline P. Exploring beyond the borders. Contact Lens Spectrum 2010;6:26-32. 

  • 8.Kojima R, Caroline P, Graff T et al. Eye Shape and Scleral Lenses. Contact Lens Spectrum 2013;38-43. 




    (p. 48) Contact Lens Practice Pearls – Focus on the Kids

    By Jason R. Miller, OD, MBA, FAAO


    1. 1.1. Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott L, et al. Randomized trial of the effect of contact lens wear on self-perception in children. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Mar;86(3):222-32.

    2. 2.1. Walline JJ, Jones LA, Rah MJ, et al. Contact Lenses
in Pediatrics (CLIP) Study: chair time and ocular health. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 Sep;84(9):896-902.
 3. Personal communication. Mitchell J Prinstein. (Novem- ber, 2009. 



    (p. 52) Treatment Plan – Scleral Contact Lens Fog

    By William L. Miller, OD, MS, PhD, FAAO


    1. 1.Michaud L., van der Worp E., Brazeau D., Warde R., Giasson C.J. Predicting estimates of oxygen transmissibility for scleral lenses. Cont. Lens Anterior Eye 35(6):266-271, 2012. 




    End Document #214