Contact Lens Spectrum


February 2015

Document #231

(p. 14) Refractive Focus – Quantifying Subjective Assessment of Visual Quality
By Jason Marsack, PhD

    1. Crichton N. Information Point: Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) in Gould D, Kelly D, Goldstone L, Gammon J. Examining the validity of pressure ulcer risk assessment scales: developing and using illustrated patient simulations to collect the data. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2001 Sep;10:697-706.

    2. Davies IP, Inglis A, Davies G. Correlation between visual acuity and visual quality in contact lens practice. J. British Contact Lens Association.1992;15(4):155-157.

    3. Dumbleton K, Woods CA, Jones LW, Fonn D. The impact of contemporary contact lenses on contact lens discontinuation. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:93-99.

    4. Kollbaum PS, Jansen ME, Rickert ME. Comparison of patient-reported visual outcome methods to quanify the perceptual effects of defocus. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2012 Oct;35:213-221.

    5. Visser ES, Visser R, van Lier HJ, Otten HM. Modern scleral lenses part II: patient satisfaction. Eye Contact Lens. 2007 Jan;33:21-25.

(p. 16) Prescribing for Presbyopia – Is 0.75D of Astigmatism the Right Flinch Level
By Thomas G. Quinn, OD, MS, FAAO

    1. Bayer S, Young G. Fitting low astigmats with toric soft contact lenses-what are the benefits and how easily it is achieved? Poster presented at: American Academy of Optometry. December 2005.

    2. Richdale K, Berntsen DA, Mack CJ, Merchea MM, Barr JT. Visual acuity with spherical and toric soft contact lenses in low- to moderate-astigmatic eyes. Optom Vis Sci. 2007;84:969-975.

(p. 19) Contact Lens Design & Materials – Optimal Features of a Therapeutic Scleral Lens
By Neil Pence, OD, FAAO

    1. Jacobs DS, Rosenthal P. Boston scleral lens prosthetic device for treatment of severe dry eye in chronic graft-versus-host disease. Cornea. 2007;26:1195-1196.

    2. Tappin MJ, Pullum KW, Buckley RJ. Scleral contact lenses for overnight wear in the management of ocular surface disorders. Eye (Lond). 2001 April;15(pt 2):168-172.

    3. Michaud L, van der Worp E, Brazeau D, Warde R, Glasson CJ. Predicting estimates of oxygen transmissibility for scleral lenses. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2012;35:266-271.

    4. Jaynes JM, Edrington TB, Weissman BA. Predicting scleral GP lens entrapped tear layer oxygen tensions. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. October 13, 2014 [Epub ahead of print].

(p. 20) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Scleral Lenses: An Important Treatment Option for Dry Eye
By Jessica Robinson, BA, & Amber Gaume Giannoni, OD, FAAO

    1. McKinney A, Miller W, Leach N, et al. Midday Visual Fogging in Scleral Lens Wearers – Does Fit Matter? Poster session presented at: Annual Conference of The American Academy of Optometry. 2013 October 23-26; Seattle, WA.

    2. Caroline PJ, Andre MP. Cloudy Vision with Sclerals. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2012 June; 27:56.

    3. Schornack MM, Pyle J, Patel SV. Scleral lenses in the management of ocular surface disease. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jul;121:1398-1405.

(p. 21) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Choosing a Large Scleral GP Lens Storage Case
By Michael A. Ward, MMSc, FAAO

    1. The Dry Eye Company. Prose Disinfection Case order form. Accessed at

    2. Boston Foundation for Sight. About BostonSight PROSE Device Cleaning. Accessed at

    3. Gromacki SJ, Ward MA. Understanding Contemporary Contact Lens Care Products. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2013 June;28:20-25.

    4. Sindt C. Proper and effective lens case management is vital to your patients health. Review of Cornea & Contact Lenses. March 6, 2012. Accessed at

(p. 22) Specialty Lens Designs for “Normal” Eyes
By Robert Davis, OD, FAAO, & S. Barry Eiden, FAAO

    1. Nichols JJ. 2010 annual report on dry eye diseases. Contact Lens Spectrum; 2010 Jul;25:22-25,27.

    2. Rumpakis J. New Data on Contact Lens Dropouts: An International Perspective. Review of Optometry. Jan 15, 2010. Nichols, 2010 Accessed at

    3. Young G, Veys J, Pritchard N, Coleman S. A multi-centre study of lapsed contact lens wearers. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2002 Nov;22:516-527.

    4. Schornack MM, Pyle J, Patel SV. Scleral lenses in the management of ocular surface disease. Ophthalmology. 2014 July;121:1398–1405.

    5. Bickle KM, Nichols JJ. Myopia Control Today. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2014 Aug;29:20-21,23-26.

(p. 29) Keratoconus in a Private Practice Setting
By Stephanie L. Woo, OD, FAAO, FSLS, & Brooke M. Messer, OD, FSLS

    1. Gaster RN, Dumitrascu O, Rabinowitz YS. Penetrating keratoplasty using a femtosecond laser-enable keratoplasty with zig-zag incisions versus a mechanical trephine in patients with keratoconus. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012 Sept;96:1195-1199.

(p. 40) Is This the New Norm? – Is Prescribing Toric Lenses for Low Cylinder the New Norm?
By Mile Brujic, OD, FAAO, & David L. Kading, OD, FAAO

    1. Young G, Sulley A, Hunt C. Prevalence of astigmatism in relation to soft contact lens fitting. Eye Contact Lens. 2011 Jan;37:20-25.

(p. 46) Treatment Plan – You Can Lead a Horse to Water…
By Leo Semes, OD, FAAO

    1. Mansberger SL. Are you compliant with addressing glaucoma adherence? Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Jan;149(1):1-3.

    2. Cook PF, Schmiege SJ, Mansberger SL, Kammer J, Fitzgerald T, Kahook MY. Predictors of Adherence to Glaucoma Treatment in a Multisite Study. Ann Behav Med. 2014 Sep 24 [Epub ahead of print].

    3. Mansberger SL, Sheppler CR, McClure TM, et al. Psychometrics of a new questionnaire to assess glaucoma adherence: the Glaucoma Treatment Compliance Assessment Tool (an American Ophthalmological Society thesis). Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2013 Sep;111:1-16.

    4. Dreer LE, Girkin C, Mansberger SL. Determinants of medication adherence to topical glaucoma therapy. J Glaucoma. 2012 Apr-May;21:234-240.


    6. (Accessed January 14, 2015).

    7. (Accessed December 2, 2014).

(p. 48) Reader & Industry Forum – Using CLIA-Waived Technologies Builds Patients’ Trust
By Arthur B. Epstein, OD, FAAO

    1. How to Apply for a CLIA Certificate, Including International Laboratories. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Accessed March 26, 2014.