Contact Lens Spectrum


March 2015

Document #232

(p. 14) Prescribing for Presbyopia – Presbyopia Posters at GSLS
By Craig W. Norman, FCLSA

    1. Brujic M. How Important Is Optical Placement in Multifocal Lenses? Poster, Global Specialty Lens Symposium. Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

    2. Montani G. Visual Performance Comparison between Duette Progressive and Airoptix Monthly Multifocal. Poster, Global Specialty Lens Symposium. Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

    3. Montani G. Visual Performance of a Translating GP Multifocal Contact Lens in Correcting Presbyopia. Poster, Global Specialty Lens Symposium. Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

    4. Montani G. Visual Acuity and Ocular High Order Aberrations as a Function of Base Curve and Add of Soft Multifocal Contact Lens. Poster, Global Specialty Lens Symposium. Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

(p. 15) GP Insights – Scleral Lens Education at GSLS
By Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd, FAAO

    1. Caroline P, McMahon J, Lotoczky J, Johns L, Michaud L, Rosen C. Scleral Lenses…New Opportunities New Challenges. Presentation, Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

    2. Gromacki S. What’s the Solution? Update on Contact Lens Care and Compliance. Presentation, Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

    3. Michaud L. Comparison of Scleral vs. Silicone-Hydrogel Disposable Multifocal Lenses. Presentation, Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

    4. Manczak H. Rotationally Asymmetrical Scleral Lenses – Indispensable Treating Method of Ocular Surface Diseases. Presentation, Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

    5. Severinsky B. Clinical Evaluation of a Novel Hybrid Contact Lens for Irregular Cornea: One Year Results. Presentation, Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Jan. 2015, Las Vegas.

(p. 17) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Do E-Cigarettes Impact Dry Eye and Ocular Surface Disease?
By Katherine M. Mastrota, MS, OD, FAAO

    1. Mangan D. E-cigarette sales are smoking hot, set to hit $1.7 billion. CNBC. Aug 28, 2013. Accessed Dec. 29, 2014.

    2. E-cigarette use more than doubles among U.S. middle and high school students from 2011-2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed Dec. 29, 2014.

    3. Wills TA, Knight R, Williams RJ, Pagano I, Sargent JD. Risk Factors for Exclusive E-Cigarette Use and Dual E-Cigarette Use and Tobacco Use in Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2015 Jan;135:e43-e51.

    4. Cheng T. Chemical evaluation of electronic cigarettes. Tob Control. May 2014;23(Suppl 2):ii11–ii17.

    5. Callahan-Lyon P. Electronic cigarettes: human health effects. Tob Control. 2014 May;23(Suppl 2):ii36-ii40.

(p. 19) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Care Regimens for Hybrid Contact Lenses
By Susan J. Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO

    1. Kaseburg K. Personal communication. September 24, 2007.


    3. Achenbach P. Personal communication. December 24, 2014.

    4. Achenbach P. Personal communication. February 24, 2015.

(p. 20) Presbyopic Lens Patient Management and Troubleshooting
By Brooke M. Messer, OD, FSLS; Stephanie L. Woo, OD, FAAO, FSLS; & Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd, FAAO

    1. Schwartz CA. Portrait of a presbyope in 1999. Optom Today. 1999(Suppl):5-7.

    2. Edwards K. Contact lens problem-solving: bifocal contact lenses. Optician. 1999;218:26-32.

    3. Bennett ES, Jurkus JM. Presbyopia correction. In Bennett ES, Weissman BA, eds. Clinical Contact Lens Practice, 2nd ed., Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2005:531-548.

    4. Morgan PB, Efron N, Woods CA, International Contact Lens Prescribing Survey Consortium. An international survey of contact lens prescribing for presbyopia. Clin Exp Optom. 2011 Jan;94:87-92.

    5. Studebaker J. Soft multifocals: practice growth opportunity. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2009 June;24:40-43.

    6. Westin E, Wick B, Harrist RB. Factors influencing success of monovision contact lens fitting: survey of contact lens diplomats. Optometry. 2000 Dec;71:757-763.

    7. Jain S, Arora I, Azar DT. Success of monovision in presbyopes: review of the literature and potential applications to refractive surgery. Surv Ophthalmol. 1996 May-Jun;40:491-499.

    8. Benjamin W. Comparing multifocals and monovision. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2007 July;22:35-39.

    9. Richdale K, Mitchell GL, Zadnik K. Comparison of multifocal and monovision soft contact lens corrections in patients with low astigmatic presbyopia. Optom Vis Sci. 2006 May;83:266-273.

    10. Situ P, Du Toit R, Fonn D, Simpson T. Successful monovision contact lens wearers refitted with bifocal contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2003 Jul;29:181-184.

    11. Johnson J, Bennett ES, Henry VA. Multivision™ versus monovision: a comparison study. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists. February, 2000; Las Vegas, NV.

    12. Rajagopalan AS, Bennett ES, Lakshminarayanan V. Visual performance of subjects wearing presbyopic contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2006 Aug;83:611-615.

    13. Gupta N, Naroo SA, Wolffsohn JS. Visual comparison of multifocal contact lenses to monovision. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Feb;86:E98-E105.

    14. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2014. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Jan;30:22-27, 55.

    15. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2008. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2009 Jan;24:24-32.

    16. Dinardo A, Fosso T. Multifocal contact lens success: fact or fiction? Contact Lens Spectrum. 2014 Nov;29:30-35, 49.

    17. Dinardo A, Fosso T, Norman C, et al. Common factors in multifocal lens success. Paper presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, Jan. 2014.

    18. Bennett ES, Quinn TG. Multifocal lens decision-making 101. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2014 Apr;29:30-38.

    19. Bennett ES, Henry VA. Bifocal contact lenses. In Bennett ES, Henry VA. Clinical Manual of Contact Lenses (4th ed.), Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2014:395-434.

    20. Blanchard Contact Lenses. Personal Communication, June 2012.

    21. Norman CW. Are old options new ones? Contact Lens Spectrum. 2014 September;29:12.

    22. Norman C, Caroline P, Koch T, et al. Do we need high index materials? Presented at: 47th Annual Meeting of the Contact Lens Manufacturers Association; 2008; Hoover, AL.

    23. Bennett ES, Luk B. Rigid gas permeable bifocal contact lenses: an update. Optom Today. 2001 June 15;15:26-28.

    24. Bennett ES. Researching GP multifocals. Contact Lens Spectrum 2005 Feb;20:21. Accessed January 2015.

    25. Charman WN. Developments in the correction of presbyopia. Ophthalm Physiol Opt. 2014 Jan;34:8-29.

    26. Brujic M. How important is optical placement in multifocal lenses? Poster, Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, January 2015.

    27. Plainis S, Atchinson DA, Charman WN. Power profiles of multifocal contact lenses and their interpretation. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;90:1066-1077.

    28. Kollbaum P, Bradley A. A clear view of multifocal contact lens optics. Rev Cornea Contact Lenses. 11/15/2014

(p. 40) Meibomiam Gland Dysfunction and Contact Lens Wear
By William Ngo, OD, FAAO

    1. Knop E, Knop N, Millar T, Obata H & Sullivan DA. The international workshop on meibomian gland dysfunction: report of the subcommittee on anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the meibomian gland. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar 30;52:1938-78.

    2. Castillanos E, Torres J, Fernandesz I, et al. Preponderance of Evaporative Over Aqueous Deficient-Type Dry Eye Syndrome in Patients With Chronic Dry Eye-Related Symptoms. The 2008 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology April 11, 2008, Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008;49: E-Abstract 2371.

    3. Nelson JD, Shimazaki J, Benitez-del-Castillo JM, et al. The international workshop on meibomian gland dysfunction: report of the definition and classification subcommittee. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar 30;52:1930-7.

    4. Schaumberg DA, Nichols JJ, Papas EB, et al. The international workshop on meibomian gland dysfunction: report of the subcommittee on the epidemiology of, and associated risk factors for, MGD. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar 30;52:1994-2005.

    5. Tomlinson A, Bron AJ, Korb DR, et al. The international workshop on meibomian gland dysfunction: report of the diagnosis subcommittee. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar 30;52:2006-49.

    6. Hay EM, Thomas E, Pal B, et al. Weak association between subjective symptoms or and objective testing for dry eyes and dry mouth: results from a population based study. Ann Rheum Dis. 1998 Jan;57:20-4.

    7. Pult H, Purslow C & Murphy PJ. The relationship between clinical signs and dry eye symptoms. Eye (Lond). 2011 Apr;25:502-10.

    8. Schein OD, Tielsch JM, Munoz B, Bandeen-Roche K & West S. Relation between signs and symptoms of dry eye in the elderly - A population-based perspective. Ophthalmology. 1997 Sep;104:1395-401.

    9. Tapie R. Etude biomicroscopique des glandes de meibomius. Annales d'Oculistique. 1977;210(9):637-48.

    10. Ngo W, Srinivasan S & Jones L. Historical Overview of Imaging the Meibomian Glands. Journal of Optometry. 2013 Jan;6:1-8.

    11. Robin JB, Jester JV, Nobe J, Nicolaides N & Smith RE. In vivo transillumination biomicroscopy and photography of meibomian gland dysfunction. A clinical study. Ophthalmology. 1985 Oct;92:1423-6.

    12. Arita R, Itoh K, Inoue K, Kuchiba A, Yamaguchi T, Amano S. Contact lens wear is associated with decrease of meibomian glands. Ophthalmology. 2009 Mar;115:379-84.

    13. Geerling G, Tauber J, Baudouin C, et al. The international workshop on meibomian gland dysfunction: report of the subcommittee on management and treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction. Invest ophthal vis sci. 2011 Mar 30;52:2050-64.

    14. Henriquez AS & Korb DR. Meibomian glands and contact lens wear. Br J Ophthalmol. 1981 Feb;65:108-11

(p. 49) Treatment Plan – Managing Anterior Blepharitis
By William L. Miller, OD, MS, PhD, FAAO

    1. Lemp MA, Nichols KK. Blepharitis in the United States 2009: a survey-based perspective on prevalence and treatment. Ocul Surf. 2009 April;7(2 suppl):S1-S14.

    2. Key JE. A comparative study of eyelid cleaning regimens in chronic blepharitis. CLAO J. 1996;22(3):209-212.

    3. Fadlallah A, Rami HE, Fahd D, et al. Azithromycin 1.5% ophthalmic solution: efficacy and treatment modalities in chronic blepharitis. Arq Bras Oftalmol 2012;75(3):178-182.

    4. Wu EC, Kowalski RP, Romanowski EG, Mah FS, Gordon YJ, Shanks RM. AzaSite inhibits Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus biofilm formation in vitro. J Ocular Pharmacol Ther. 2010;26(6):557-562.

    5. John G. A comparative study in the clinical and microbial efficacy of topical besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% with erythromycin ophthalmic ointment 0.5% for the management of acute blepharitis. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, FL, May 6-9, 2012.

(p. 50) Reader and Industry Forum – Integrating Current Thoughts on Myopia Control
By Jeffrey Krohn, OD, FAAO, & Moshe Schwartz, OD, FAAO

    1. Sperduto RD, Ferris FL 3rd. Increased prevalence of myopia in the nited states between 1971-1972 and 1999-2004. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009;127(12):1632-1639.

    2. Guggenheim JA, Northstone K, McMahon G, et al. Time outdoors and physical activity as predictors of incident myopia in childhood: a prospective cohort study. Ivest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53(6):2856-2865.

    3. Sherwin JC, Reacher MH, Keogh RH, Khawaja AP, Mackey DA, Foster PJ. The association between time spent outdoors and myopia in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ophthalmology. 2012;119(10):2141-2151.

    4. Lim LS, Gazzard G, Low YL, et al. Dietary factors, myopia, and axial dimensions in children. Ophthalmology. 2010;117(5):993-997.

    5. Walline JJ, Jones LA Rah MJ, et al; Clip Study Group. Contact Lenses in Pediatrics (CLIP) Study: chair time and ocular health. Optom Vis Sci. 2007;84(9):896-902. === SEP

    6. Walline JJ, Gaume A, Jones LA, et al. Benefits of contact lens wear for children and teens. Eye Contact Lens. 2007; 33(6 pt. 1):317-321. === NOV

    7. Cheng D, Woo GC, Drobe B, Schmid KL. Effect of Bifocal and Prismatic Bifocal Spectacles on Myopia Progression in Children. Three-Year Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014;132(3):258-64.

    8. Smith EL 3rd, Kee CS, Ramamirtham R, Qiao-Grider Y, Hung LF. Peripheral vision can influence eye growth and refractive development in infnact monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005:46(11):3965-3972.

    9. Smith EL 3rd. Prentice Award Lecture 2010: A Case for Peripheral Optical Treatment Strategies for Myopia. Optom Vis Sci. 2011;88(9):1029-1044.

    10. Berntsen DA, Mutti DO, Zadnik K. Study of Theories about Myopia Progression (STAMP) design and baseline data. Optom Vis Sci. 2010;87(11):823-832.

    11. Cho P, Cheung SW. Retardation of Myopia in Orthokeratology (ROMIO) Study: a 2-year randomized clinical trial: a 2-year randomized clinical trial. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53(11):7077-7085.

    12. Hiraoka T, Kakita T, Okamoto F, Takahashi H, Oshika T. Long-term effect of overnight orthokeratology on axial length elongation in childhood myopia: a 5-year follow-up study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53(7):3913-3919.

    13. Watt K, Swarbrick HA. Microbial keratitis in overnight orthokeratology: review of the first 50 cases. Eye Contact Lens. 2005:31(5):201-208.

    14. Schepens CL, Marden D. Data on the natural history of retinal detachment. Further characterization of certain unilateral non traumatic cases. Am J Ophthalmol. 1966;61(2):213-226.

    15. Kaluzny J. Myopia and retinal detachment. Pol Med J. 1970;9(6):1544-1549.

    16. Wilkinson CD, Rice TA, Michels RG. Michels Retinal Detachment. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 1997.

    17. Perkins ES. Morbidity from myopia. Sight Sav Rev. 1979;49(1):11-19.

    18. Chen SJ, Lu P, Zhang WF, Lu JH. High myopia as a risk factor in primary open angle glaucoma. Int J Ophthalmol. 2012;5(6):750-753.

    19. Saw SM, Katz J, Schein OD, Chew SJ, Chan TK. Epidemiology of myopia. Epidemiol Rev. 1996:18(2):175-187.

    20. Vongphanit J, Mitchell P, Wang JJ. Prevalence and progression of myopic retinopathy in an older population. Ophthalmology. 2002;109(4):704-711.

(p. 56) Contact Lens Case Reports – “Life” Beneath a Scleral
By Patrick J. Caroline, FAAO, & Mark P. André, FAAO

    1. Morrison S, Walker M, Caroline P, et al. Tear Exchange Beneath Scleral Lenses. Poster, Global Specialty Lens Symposium. Jan. 2014, Las Vegas.

    2. Walker M, Caroline P, Lampa M, Kinoshita B, André M. Kojima R. Proposed Mechanism of Scleral Lens Induced Conjunctival Proloapse. Poster, Global Specialty Lens Symposium. Jan. 2014, Las Vegas.