Contact Lens Spectrum


April 2015

Document #233

(p. 15) Prescribing for Presbyopia – Detecting Keratoconus with Topography and Tomography
By Heidi G. Miller, OD; Tiffany Gates, OD; & Timothy B. Edrington, OD, MS, FAAO

    1. Belin MW, Villavicencio OF, Ambrósio RR Jr. Tomographic parameters for the detection of keratoconus: suggestions for screening and treatment parameters. Eye Contact Lens. 2014 Nov;40:326-330.

    2. Agarwal A. Evaluating posterior corneal curvature important in LASIK candidates. Ocular Surgery News U.S. Edition. May 1, 2007.

    3. Ruiseñor Vázquez PR, Galletti JD, Minguez N, et al. Pentacam Scheimpflug tomography findings in topographically normal patients and subclinical keratoconus cases. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Jul;158:32-40.e32.

(p. 19) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Preparing Dry Eyes for Lenses
By William Townsend, OD, FAAO

    1. Bron AJ, Tomlinson A, Foulks GN, et al. Rethinking dry eye disease: a perspective on clinical implications. Ocul Surf. 2014 Apr;12(2 Suppl):S1-S31.

    2. The epidemiology of dry eye disease: Report of the epidemiology subcommittee of the International Dry Eye WorkShop (2007). Ocul Surf. 2007 Apr;5:93-107.

    3. Dumbleton K, Woods CA, Jones LW, Fonn D. The impact of contemporary contact lenses on contact lens discontinuation. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:93-99.

    4. Ramamoorthy P, Sinnott LT, Nichols JJ. Treatment, material, care, and patient-related factors in contact lens-related dry eye. Optom Vis Sci. 2008 Aug;85:764-772.

(p. 21) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – In-Office Disinfection of Soft Contact Lenses
By Michael A. Ward, MMSc, FAAO

    1. International Organization for Standardization. Technical Specification 19979:2004 Ophthalmic optics — Contact lenses — Hygienic management of multipatient use trial contact lenses.


(p. 22) Education Highlights from the 2015 GSLS
By Jason J. Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD, FAAO; Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd, FAAO, FSLS; and Lisa Starcher

    1. Walker M, Morrison S, Caroline P, et al. Laboratory analysis of scleral lens tear reservoir clouding. Poster presented at the 2014 Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, Jan 2014.

    2. Michaud L, van der Worp E, Brazeau D, Warde R, Glasson CJ. Predicting estimates of oxygen transmissibility for scleral lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2012 Dec;35:266-271.

    3. Jaynes JM, Edrington TB, Weissman BA. Predicting scleral GP lens entrapped tear layer oxygen tensions. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Feb;38:44-47.

    4. Holden BA, Mertz GW. Critical oxygen levels to avoid corneal edema for daily and extended wear contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1984 Oct;25:1161-1167.

    5. Harvitt DM, Bonanno JA. Re-evaluation of the oxygen diffusion model for predicting minimum contact lens Dk/t values needed to avoid corneal anoxia. Optom Vis Sci. 1999 Oct;76:712-719.

    6. Caroline P. Irregular Cornea Troubleshooting. Presented at the 2013 Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, Jan 2013.

    7. Kauffman MJ, Gilmartin CA, Bennett ES, Bassi CJ. A comparison of the short-term settling of three scleral lens designs. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Dec;91:1462-1466.

    8. Truong TN, Graham AD, Lin MC. Factors in contact lens symptoms: evidence from a multistudy database. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Feb;91:133-141.

    9. Dinardo A. Common factors in multifocal contact lens success. Paper presented at the 2014 Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, Jan 2014.

    10. Dinardo A, Fosso T. Multifocal contact lens success: fact or fiction? Contact Lens Spectrum. 2014 Nov;29:30-35, 49.

    11. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2014. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Jan;30:22-27.

    12. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2008. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2009 Jan;24:24-32.

    13. Morgan PB, Efron N, Woods CA, International contact lens prescribing survey consortium. An international survey of contact lens prescribing for presbyopia. Clin Exp Optom. 2011 Jan;94:87-92.

    14. Yoder JS, Verani J, Heidman N, et al. Acanthamoeba keratitis: The persistence of cases following a multistate outbreak. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2012 Aug;19:221-225.

    15. McTigue JW, Townsend WM. The use of a new soft lens in irregular ectatic corneas: a preliminary report. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1971;69:336-50.

(p. 32) Technologies to Improve Contact Lens Success
By Mile Brujic, OD, FAAO, & David L. Kading, OD, FAAO

    1. Nichols JJ. 2010 Annual Report on Dry Eye Disease. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2010 Jul;25:22-25, 27.

    2. Miller D. Pressure on the lid of the eye. Arch Ophthalmol. 1967 Sep;78:328-830.

    3. Versura P, Campos EC. TearLab® Osmolarity System for diagnosing dry eye. Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2013 Mar;13:119-129.

    4. Sambursky R, Trattler W, Tauber S, et al. Sensitivity and specificity of the AdenoPlus test for diagnosing adenoviral conjunctivitis. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan;131:17-22.

    5. Sambursky R, Davitt WF 3rd, Friedberg M, Tauber S. Prospective, multicenter, clinical evaluation of point-of-care matrix metalloproteinase-9 test for confirming dry eye disease. Cornea. 2014 Aug;33:812-818.

    6. Chotikavanich S, de Paiva CS, Li de Q, et al. Production and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 on the ocular surface increase in dysfunctional tear syndrome. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jul;50:3203-3209.

    7. Acera A, Vecino E, Duran JA. Tear MMP-9 levels as a marker of ocular surface inflammation in conjunctivochalasis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Dec 23;54:8285-8291.

    8. Kaufman HE. The practical detection of mmp-9 diagnoses ocular surface disease and may help prevent its complications. Cornea. 2013 Feb;32:211-216.

    9. Lampa M, So K, Caroline P, Kinoshita B, André M, Kojima R. Assessing Soft Multifocal Contact Lens Centration With The Aid of Corneal Topography. Presented at Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, Jan 2012.

    10. Brujic M. How important is optical placement in multifocal contact lenses? Presented at Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, Jan 2015.

(p. 36) SiHy Prescribing Trends
By Rajeswari Mahadevan, PhD Optometry; Rajni Rajan, MPhil Optometry; Sheeba Swarna, MPhil Optometry; and Prafulla Kuthe, BOptom

    1. Maldonado-Codina C, Morgan PB, Schnider CM, Efron N. Short-term physiologic response in neophyte subjects fitted with hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2004 Dec;81:911-921.

    2. Efron N, Morgan PB. Trends in the use of silicone hydrogel contact lenses for daily wear. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2008 Oct;31:242-243.

    3. Morgan PB, Efron N, Helland M, et al. Twenty first century trends in silicone hydrogel contact lens fitting: An international perspective. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2010 Aug;33:196-198.

    4. Morgan PB, Woods CA, Tranoudis I, Helland M, Efron N et al. International contact lens prescribing in 2012. Cont Lens Spectrum. 2013 Jan;28:31-38,44.

    5. Thite N, Noushad B, Kunjeer G. Contact lens prescribing pattern in India–2011. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 Aug;36:182-185.

    6. Sanker N, Noushad B. Trend of soft contact lens prescribing in an optometry centre in India: A 6-year analysis. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 Aug;36:196-198.

    7. Morgan PB, Efron N, Helland M, et al. Demographics of international contact lens prescribing. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2010 Feb;33:27-29.

    8. Efron N, Morgan PB, Woods CA. Trends in Australia contact lens prescribing during the first decade of 21st century (2000-2009). Clin Exp Optom. 2010 Jul;93:243-252.

    9. González-Méijome JM, Jorge J, Almeida JB, Parafita MA. Contact lens fitting profile in Portugal in 2005: Strategies for first Fits and Refits. Eye Contact Lens. 2007 Mar;33:81-88.

    10. Efron N, Morgan PB. Practitioner influence on contact lens prescribing in the UK. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2009 Aug;32:185-186.

    11. Charm J, Cheung SW, Cho P. Practitioners’ analysis of contact lens practice in Hong Kong. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2010 Jun;33:104-111.

    12. Holden BA. The principles and practice of correcting astigmatism with soft contact lens. Aust J Optom. 1975 Aug;58:279-299.

    13. Efron N, Morgan PB, Helland M, et al. Soft toric contact lens prescribing in different countries. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2011Feb;34:36-38.

    14. Morgan PB, Efron N. Prescribing soft contact lenses for astigmatism. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2009 Apr;32:97-98

    15. Douthwaite WA. Initial selection of soft contact lenses based on corneal characteristics. CLAO J. 2002 Oct;28:202-205.

    16. Rajan R, Mahadevan R. Customized Lens Fitting in Microcornea. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2013 Aug;28:40-42, 55.

(p. 42) Is This the New Norm? – Is Monovision the New Norm?
By Mile Brujic, OD, FAAO, & David L. Kading, OD, FAAO

    1. Richdale K, Mitchell GL, Zadnik K. Comparison of multifocal and monovision soft contact lens corrections in patients with low-astigmatic presbyopia. Optom Vis Sci. 2006 May:83:266-273.

    2. Woods J, Woods C, Fonn D. Visual Performance of a Multifocal Contact Lens versus Monovision in Established Presbyopes. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Dec 18 [Epub ahead of print].

(p. 47) Treatment Plan – Basement Membrane Failure
By Allison Chinn, OD, & Leo Semes, OD, FAAO

    1. Kanski J, Bowling B. Clinical Ophthalmology: A Systematic Approach. Seventh edition. Elsevier Lmt. 2011:212-214.

    2. Ehlers J, Shah C, Fenton GL, Hoskins EN, Shelsta HN. The Wills Eye Manual. Fifth edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 2008:94.

    3. Webvision: The Organization of the Retina and Visual System. Map-Dot Fingerprint Dystrophy. Webvision. 2015.

    4. Veire, E. IC3D: Classifying Corneal Dystrophies. Review of Cornea and Contact Lens. June 18, 2010. Accessed at

    5. The University of Arizona. Hereditary Ocular Disease: Corneal Dystrophy, EBMD. Arizona Board of Regents. 2015.

    6. Azari AA, Rapuano CJ. Autologous Serum Eye Drops for the Treatment of Ocular Surface Disease. Eye Contact Lens. 2015 Jan 19 [Epub ahead of print]

    7. Aldave A, Kamal KM, Vo RC, Yu F. Epithelial debridement and Bowman’s layer polishing for visually significant epithelial irregularity and recurrent corneal erosions. Cornea. 2009 Dec;28:1085-1090.

    8. Chan E, Jhanji V, Constantinou M, Amiel H, Snibson GR, Vajpayee RB. A randomised controlled trial of alcohol delamination and phototherapeutic keratectomy for the treatment of recurrent corneal erosion syndrome. Br J Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb;98:166-171.

(p. 48) Reader & Industry Forum – Using OCT for Evaluating Complex Contact Lenses
By Jeffrey Sonsino, OD, FAAO

    1. Schornack MM, Patel SV. Relationship between corneal topographic indices and scleral lens base curve. Eye Contact Lens. 2010 Nov;36:330-333.

    2. Sonsino J, Mathe DS. Central vault in dry eye patients successfully wearing scleral lens. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Sep;90:e248-e251; discussion 1030.

    3. Gemoules G. A novel method of fitting scleral lenses using high resolution optical coherence tomography. Eye Contact Lens. 2008 Mar;34:80-83.

(p. 56) Contact Lens Case Reports – Initial Selection of Corneal Versus Scleral GP Lenses
By Patrick J. Caroline, FAAO, & Mark P. André

    1. Zheng F, Caroline P, Kojima R, Kinoshita B, André M, Lampa M. Corneal Elevation Differences and the Initial Selection of Corneal and Scleral Contact Lens. Poster, Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, Jan 2015.