Contact Lens Spectrum


May 2015

Document #234

(p. 12) Research Review – What Does the Literature Tell Us About Scleral Lenses?
By Barry Eiden, OD, FAAO

    1. Davis R, Eiden SB. Specialty Lens Designs for “Normal” Eyes. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Feb;30:22-27.

    2. Schornack MM. Scleral lenses: a literature review. Eye Contact Lens. 2015 Jan;41:3-11.

    3. van der Worp E, Bornman D, Ferreira DL, Faria-Ribeiro M, Garcia-Porta N, González-Meijome JM. Modern scleral contact lenses: A review. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014 Aug;37:240-250.

    4. Gemoules G. A novel method of fitting scleral lenses using high resolution optical coherence tomography. Eye Contact Lens. 2008 Mar;34:80-83.

    5. Luo ZK, Jacobs DS. Current and potential applications of anterior segment optical coherence tomography in contact lens fitting. Semin Ophthalmol. 2012 Sep-Nov;27:133-137.

    6. Sonsino J, Mathe DS. Central vault in dry eye patients successfully wearing scleral lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Sep;90:248-251.

    7. Compañ V, Oliveira C, Aguilella-Arzo M, Mollá S, Peixoto-de-Matos SC, González-Méijome JM. Oxygen diffusion and edema with modern scleral rigid gas permeable contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Sep 4;55:6421-6429.

    8. Jaynes JM, Edrington TB, Weissman BA. Predicting scleral GP lens entrapped tear layer oxygen tensions. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Feb;38:44-47.

    9. Michaud L, van der Worp E, Brazeau D, Warde R, Giasson CJ. Predicting estimates of oxygen transmissibility for scleral lenses. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2012 Dec;35:266-271.

    10. Kauffman MJ, Gilmartin CA, Bennett ES, Bassi CJ. A Comparison of the Short-Term Settling of Three Scleral Lens Designs. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Dec;91(12):1462-1466.

(p. 15) Prescribing for Presbyopia – Presbyopes and Daily Disposable Lenses
By Thomas G. Quinn, OD, MS, FAAO

    1. Chalmers RL, Keay L, McNally J, Kern J. Multicenter Case-Control Study of the Role of Lens Materials and Care Products on the Development of Corneal Infiltrates. Optom Vis Sci. 2012 March;89:316-325.

    2. Efron, N, Morgan PB, Woods CA, International Contact Lens Prescribing Consortium. An international survey of daily disposable contact lens prescribing. Clin Exp Optom. 2013 Jan;96:58-64.

(p. 16) GP Insights – When to Fit GPs Empirically
By Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd, FAAO

    1. Ames K. Rethink your approach to RGP lenses. Contact Lens Spectrum. 1993 Dec;8:24-27.

    2. Bennett ES. Gas-permeable lens design, fitting and evaluation. In Bennett ES, Henry VA. Clinical Manual of Contact Lenses (4th ed.). Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2014:112-156.

    3. Benoit DP, Ames KS. Diagnostic versus empirical fitting. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2010 April;25:12-13.

    4. Michaud L, Barriault C, Dionne A, Karwatsky P. Empirical fitting of soft or rigid gas-permeable contact lenses for the correction of moderate to severe refractive astigmatism: A comparative study. Optometry. 2009 Jul;80:375-383.

    5. Pitts K, Pack L, Edmondson W, Pack CE. Putting a bitoric RGP lens fitting guide to the test. Contact lens Spectrum. 2001 Oct;16:34-40.

    6. Mandell RB, Moore CF. A bitoric lens guide that really is simple. Contact Lens Spectrum. 1988 Nov;3:83-85.

    7. Accessed March 2015.

    8. Accessed March 2015.

    9. Accessed March 2015.

(p. 17) Contact Lens Design & Materials – Three Mainstream Myths About Multifocal Contact Lenses
By David L. Kading, FAAO

    1. Richdale K, Mitchell GL, Zadnik K. Comparison of multifocal and monovision soft contact lens corrections in patients with low-astigmatic presbyopia. Optom Vis Sci. 2006 May;83:266-273.

(p. 21) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Who Needs Soft Contact Lens Daily Cleaners?
By Susan J. Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO

    1. Nichols J. Contact Lenses 2014. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Jan;30:22-27.

    2. Gromacki SJ, Ward MA. Understanding Contemporary Contact Lens Care Products. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2013 Jun;28:20-25.

    3. Gromacki SJ. Contact Lens Deposition and Dry Eye. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2012 Jul;27:23.

    4. Gromacki SJ. Care for Hybrid Contact Lenses. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 March;30:23.

    5. Harper S. Personal communication. April 10, 2013.

    6. Ghormley NR. MiraFlow: a new soft lens cleaner. Int Eyecare. 1986;2:602.

    7. Brennan NA, Coles C. Deposits and symptomology with soft contact lens wear. Int Contact Lens Clin. 2000 May-Jun;27:75.

(p. 22) Proper Care of Modern GP Lenses
By Douglas P. Benoit, OD, FAAO

    1. Efron N. Obituary—rigid contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye: 2010 Oct;33:245-252.

    2. Martin R. Personal communication. January 2015.

    3. Shoff ME, Joslin CE, Tu EY, et al. Efficacy of contact lens systems against recent clinical and tap water Acanthameoba isolates. Cornea. 2008 Jul;27:713-719.

    4. Butcko V, McMahon TT, Joslin CE, Jones L. Microbial keratitis and the role of rub and rinsing. Eye Contact Lens. 2007 Nov;33:421-423.

    5. Ward M, Jones L, Cope J. Contact Lens Care Products: Regulatory and Epidemiology Issues and Concerns. General session at Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas. January 2015.

    6. Hiti K, Walochnik J, Faschinger C, Haller-Schober EM, Aspöck H. One- and two-step hydrogen peroxide contact lens disinfection solutions against acanthamoeba: how effective are they? Eye (Lond). 2005 Dec;19:1301-1305.

    7. Tilia D, Lazon de la Jara P, Zhu H, Naduvilath TJ, Holden BA. The effect of compliance on contact lens case contamination. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Mar;91:262-271.

    8. Wu Y, Carnt N, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Contact lens and lens storage case cleaning instructions: whose advice should we follow? Eye Contact Lens. 2010 Mar;36:68-72.

(p. 26) What You Need to Know About Sagittal Height and Scleral Lenses
By Lee Hall, BSc (Hons), PhD, MCOptom, FBCLA

    1. Sindt C. Basic scleral lens fitting and design. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2008 Oct;23:32, 34-36.

    2. DeNaeyer G. Modern scleral contact lens fitting. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2010 Jun;25:20-22, 24-25, 32.

    3. Accessed January 30, 2015.

    4. Young G. Ocular sagittal height and soft contact lens fit. J Br Cont Lens Assoc. 1992;15(1):45-49.

    5. Hall LA, Young G, Wolffsohn JS, Riley C. The influence of corneoscleral topography on soft contact lens fit. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Aug;52:6801-6806.

    6. Hall LA, Hunt C, Young G, Wolffsohn J. Factors affecting corneoscleral topography. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 May;54:3691-3701.

    7. Sorbara L, Maram J, Fonn D, Woods C, Simpson T. Metrics of the normal cornea: anterior segment imaging with the Visante OCT. Clin Exp Optom. 2010 May;93:150-156.

    8. Sorbara L, Maram J, Mueller K. Use of the Visante™ OCT to measure the sagittal depth and scleral shape of keratoconus compared to normal corneae: Pilot study. J Optom. 2013 Jul;6:141-146.

    9. Gemoules G. A novel method of fitting scleral lenses using high resolution optical coherence tomography. Eye Cont Lens. 2008 Mar;34:80-83.

    10. Le HG, Tang M, Ridges R, Huang D, Jacobs DS. Pilot study for OCT guided design and fit of a prosthetic device for treatment of corneal disease. J Ophthalmol. 2012;2012:812034.

    11. Michaud L, van der Worp E, Brazeau D, Warde R, Giasson CJ. Predicting estimates of oxygen transmissibility for scleral lenses. Contact Lens Ant Eye. 2012 Dec;35:266-271.

    12. Meier D. Das corneo-skleral-profil-ein kriterium individueller kontactlinsenanpassung. Die Kontaklinse 1992:26;4-11.

    13. Bokern S, Hoppe M, Bandlitz S. Accuracy and repeatability in the classification of the corneo-scleral profile. Die Kontaklinse 2007:7;26-28.

    14. van der Worp E, Graf T, Caroline P. Exploring beyond the corneal borders. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2010 June;25:26-32.

    15. Ritzmann M, Caroline P, Walker M, Stephens P, Kojima R, Kinoshita B, Lampa M, André M, Zheng F. Understanding scleral shape with the Eaglet Eye Surface Profiler. Scientific Poster presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, January 2015.

(p. 40) Discomfort and Dryness with Contact Lens Wear
By Desmond Fonn, Dip Optom, MOptom, FAAO

    1. Begley CG, Caffery B, Nichols KK, Chalmers R. Responses of contact lens wearers to a dry eye survey. Optom Vis Sci. 2000 Jan;77:40-46.

    2. Pritchard N, Fonn D, Brazeau D. Discontinuation of contact lens wear: a survey. Int Contact Lens Clin. 1999 Nov;26:157-162.

    3. Dumbleton K, Woods CA, Jones LW, Fonn D. The impact of contemporary contact lenses on contact lens discontinuation. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:93-99.

    4. Nichols KK, Redfern RL, Jacob JT, et al. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Report of the Definition and Classification Subcommittee. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS14-TFOS19.

    5. Nichols JJ, Willcox MD, Bron AJ, et al. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Executive Summary. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS7-TFOS13.

    6. Fonn D, Situ P, Simpson T. Hydrogel lens dehydration and subjective comfort and dryness ratings in symptomatic and asymptomatic contact lens wearers. Optom Vis Sci. 1999 Oct;76:700-704.

    7. Coles MC, Brennan NA. Coefficient of friction and soft contact lens comfort. Optom Vis Sci. 2012;89:e-abstract #125603.

    8. Dumbleton K, Caffery B, Dogru M, et al. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Report of the Subcommittee on Epidemiology. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS20-TFOS36.

    9. Stapleton F, Marfurt C, Golebiowski B, et al. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Report of the Subcommittee on Neurobiology. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS71-TFOS97.

    10. Craig JP, Willcox MD, Argüeso P, et al. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Report of the Contact Lens Interactions With the Tear Film Subcommittee. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS123-TFOS56.

    11. Rohit A, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Tear lipid layer and contact lens comfort: a review. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 May;39:247-253.

    12. Best N, Drury L, Wolffsohn JS. Predicting success with silicone-hydrogel contact lenses in new wearers. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 Oct;36:232-237.

    13. Glasson MJ, Stapleton F, Keay L, Sweeney D, Willcox MD. Differences in clinical parameters and tear film of tolerant and intolerant contact lens wearers. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Dec;44:5116-5124.

    14. Korb DR, Greiner JV, Herman JP, et al. Lid-wiper epitheliopathy and dry-eye symptoms in contact lens wearers. CLAO J. 2002 Oct;28:211-216.

    15. Yeniad B, Beginoglu M, Bilgin LK. Lid-wiper epitheliopathy in contact lens users and patients with dry eye. Eye Contact Lens. 2010 May;36:140-143.

    16. Pult H, Murphy PJ, Purslow C. A novel method to predict the dry eye symptoms in new contact lens wearers. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Sep;86:E1042-E1050.

    17. Foulks G, Chalmers R, Keir N, et al. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Report of the Subcommittee on Clinical Trial Design and Outcomes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS157-TFOS183.

    18. Efron N, Jones L, Bron AJ, et al. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Report of the Contact Lens Interactions With the Ocular Surface and Adnexa Subcommittee. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS98-TFOS122.

    19. Rumpakis J. New data on contact lens dropouts: An international perspective. Rev Optom. 2010 Jan 15.

(p. 49) Treatment Plan – Managing Corneal Neovascularization
By William L. Miller, OD, MS, PhD, FAAO

    1. Keech PM, Ichikawa L, Barlow W. A prospective study of contact lens complications in a managed care setting. Opt Vis Sci. 1996 Oct;73:653-658.

    2. Chalmers RL, Dillehay S, Long B, Barr JT, Bergenske P, Donshik P, Secor G, Yoakum J. Impact of previous extended and daily wear schedules on signs and symptoms with high Dk lotrafilcon A lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2005 Jun;82:549-554.

    3. Dumbleton KA, Chalmers RL, Richter DB, Fonn D. Vascular response to extended wear of hydrogel lenses with high and low oxygen permeability. Optom Vis Sci. 2001 Mar;78:147–151.

    4. Papas EB, Vajdic CM, Austen R, Holden BA. High-oxygen-transmissibility soft contact lenses do not induce limbal hyperemia. Curr Eye Res. 1997 Sep;16:942-948.

    5. Gordon YJ, Mann RK, Mah TS, Gorin MB. Fluorescein-potentiated argon laser therapy improves symptoms and appearance of corneal neovascularization. Cornea. 2002 Nov;21:770-773.

    6. Sugisaki K, Usui T, Nishiyama N, Jang WD, Yanagi Y, Yamagami S, Amano S, Kataoka K. Photodynamic therapy for corneal neovascularization using polymeric micelles encapsulating dendrimer porphyrins. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Mar;49:894-899.

    7. Kwitko S, Marinho D, Barcaro S, Bocaccio F, Rymer S, Fernandes S, Neumann J. Allograft conjunctival transplantation for bilateral ocular surface disorders. Ophthalmology. 1995 Jul;102:1020-1025.

    8. Koenig Y, Bock F, Horn F, Kruse F, Straub K, Cursiefen C. Short- and long-term safety profile and efficacy of topical bevacizumab (Avastin) eye drops against corneal neovascularization. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2009;247:1375-1382.

    9. Vassileva PI, Hergeldzhieva TG. Avastin use in high risk corneal transplantation. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2009 Dec;247:1701–1706.

    10. Uy HS, Chan PS, Ang RE. Topical bevacizumab and ocular surface neovascularization in patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Cornea. 2008 Jan;27:70-73.

(p. 50) Reader and Industry Forum – Using Online Sources to Supplement Dry Eye Education
By Carolyn Perugino, BSc, & Etty Bitton, OD, MSc, FAAO, FBCLA

    1. The definition and classification of dry eye disease: report of the definition and classification subcommittee of the International Dry Eye WorkShop 2007. Ocul Surf. 2007 Apr;5:75-92.

    2. Schaumberg DA, Dana R, Buring JE, Sullivan DA. Prevalence of dry eye disease among US men: Estimates from the Physicians' Health Studies. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Jun;127:763-768.

    3. Schaumberg DA, Sullivan DA, Buring JE, Dana MR. Prevalence of dry eye syndrome among US women. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003 Aug;136:318-326.

    4. Nichols KK, Foulks GN, Bron AJ, Glasgow BJ, Dogru M, Tsubota K, Lemp MA, Sullivan DA. The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: Executive Summary. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar 30;52:1922-1929.

    5. Schaumberg DA, Nichols JJ, Papas EB, Tong L, Uchino M, Nichols KK. The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: Report of the Subcommittee on the Epidemiology of, and Associated Risk Factors for, MGD. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar 30;52:1994-2005.

    6. Li M, Gong L, Sun X, Chapin WJ. Anxiety and depression in patients with dry eye syndrome. Curr Eye Res. 2011 Jan;36:1-7.

    7. Meijer JM, Meiners PM, Huddleston Slater JJ, Spijkervet FK, Kallenberg CG, Vissink A, Bootsma H. Health-related quality of life, employment and disability in patients with Sjogren's syndrome. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2009 Sep;48:1077-1082.

    8. Coulter A, Parsons S, Askham J. Health Systems and Policy Analysis. Policy Brief. Where are the patients in decision-making about their own care? World Health Organization European Ministerial Conference on Health Systems. 2008:1-18.

    9. Personal Health Records: What Health Care Providers Need to Know USA: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. Department of Health & Human Services; 2014 [July 20 2014]. Available from:

    10. Benefits of EHRs USA: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. Department of Health and Human Services; 2014 [updated Jan 15 2013July 20 2014]. Available from: