Contact Lens Spectrum


September 2015

Document #238

(p. 12) Prescribing for Presbyopia – A New Measurement Tool to Improve Presbyopic Lens Fitting
By Craig W. Norman, FCLSA

    1. Young G. Ocular sagittal height and soft contact lens fit. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 1992;15:45-49.

(p. 13) GP Insights – Are Scleral Lenses Impacting Corneal Transplants?
By Javeria Azhar, OD; Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd, FAAO

    1. Bennett ES. GP Annual Report 2014; Contact Lens Spectrum. 2014 Oct;29:20,21, 23-25, 27-30.

    2. CL Today Quick Poll. June 28, 2015.

(p. 16) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Baby Shampoo Revisited
By Katherine M. Mastrota, MS, OD, FAAO

    1. Thomas K. The ‘No More Tears’ Shampoo, Now With No Formaldehyde. The New York Times. 2014 Jan 17. Accessed 7/4/2015

    2. Jacob SE, Amini S. Cocamidopropyl betaine. Dermatitis. 2008 May-Jun;19:157-160.

    3. Hart PH, Brand C, Carson CF, Riley TV, Prager RH, Finlay-Jones JJ. Terpinen-4-ol, the main component of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil) suppresses inflammatory mediator production by activated human monocytes. Inflamm Res. 2000 Nov;49:619-626.

    4. Tighe S, Gao YY, Tseng SC. Terpinen-4-ol is the Most Active Ingredient of Tea Tree Oil to Kill Demodex Mites. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2013 Nov; 2:2.

    5. Michaelis J, Vissers MC, Winterbourn CC. Different effects of hypochlorous acid on human neutrophil metalloproteinases: activation of collagenase and inactivation of collagenase and gelatinase. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1992 Feb 1;292:555-562.

    6. Epstein A, Pang L, Najafi-Tagol K, Najafi R, Stroman DW, Debabov D. Comparison of Bacterial Lipase Activity in the Presence of Eye Lid Cleansers. Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO), Denver, May 3-7, 2015.

(p. 16) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Contact Lenses and Swimming: A Compliance Lesson
By Susan J. Gromacki, OD, MS, FAAO

    1. Lonnan J, Heaselgrave W, Nomachi M, Mori O, Santodomingo-Rubido J. Disinfection efficacy and encystment rate of soft contact lens multipurpose solutions against Acanthamoeba. Eye Contact Lens. 2010;36:26-32.

    2. Johnston SP, Sriram R, Qvarnstrom Y, Roy S, Verani J, Yoder J. Lorick S. Roberts J, Beach MJ, Visvesvara G. Resistance of Acanthamoeba cysts to disinfection in multiple contact lens solutions. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:2040-2045.

    3. Shoff M, Rogerson A, Schatz S, Seal D. Variable responses of Acanthamoeba strains to three multipurpose lens cleaning solutions. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 Mar;84:202-207.

    4. Kaiserman I, Bahar I, McAllum P, Srinivasan S, Elbaz U, Slomovic AR, Rodman DS. Prognostic factors in Acanthamoeba keratitis. Can J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jun;47:312-317.

    5. Stapleton F, Ozkan J, Jalbert I, Holden BA, Petsoglou C, McClellan K. Contact lens-related Acanthamoeba keratitis. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Oct;86:E1196-E1201.

    6. Beata Kettesy, Laszlo Modis Jr., Andras Berta and Adam Kemeny-Beke (2012). Keratoplasty in Contact Lens Related Acanthamoeba Keratitis, Keratoplasties - Surgical techniques and complications, Dr. Luigi Mosca (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-809-0, InTech, Available from:

    7. Patel A, Hammersmith K. Contact lens-related microbial keratitis: recent outbreaks. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2008 Jul;19:302-306.

    8. Stehr-Green JK, Bailey TM, Visvesvara GS. The epidemiology of Acanthamoeba keratitis in the United States. Am J Ophthalmol. 1989 Apr 15;107:331-336.

    9. Bennett ES. Acanthamoeba keratitis in 2007: Stay informed but calm. CL Spectrum 2007 Jul;22:50-52.

    10. Samples JR, Binder PS, Luibel FJ, Font RL, Visvesvara GS, Peter CR. Acanthamoeba keratitis possibly acquired from a hot tub. Arch Ophthalmol. 1984 May;102:707-710.

    11. Kaji Y, Hu B, Kawana K, Oshika T. Swimming with soft contact lenses: danger of Acanthamoeba keratitis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2005 Jun;5:392.

    12. Stockman LJ, Wright CJ, Visvesvara GS, Fields BS, Beach MJ. Prevalence of Acanthamoeba spp. and other free-living amoebae in household water, Ohio, USA--1990-1992. Parasitol Res. 2011 Mar;108:621-627.

    13. Gromacki SJ. Contact Lenses and Swimming: A Compliance Lesson. In: Care Solution Corner, Contact Lenses Today. 2012 August 26:3.

(p. 20) Toric Tune-Ups
By Lindsay A. Sicks, OD, FAAO

    1. Efron N, Nichols JJ, Woods CA, Morgan PB. Trends in US contact lens prescribing 2002 to 2014. Optom Vis Sci. 2015 Jul;92:758-767.

    2. Holden B. The principles and practice of correcting astigmatism with soft contact lenses. Aust J Optom. 1975 Aug;58:279-299.

    3. Edrington TB. A literature review: the impact of rotational stabilization methods on toric soft contact lens performance. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2011 Jun;34:104-110.

    4. Morgan PB, Woods CA, Tranoudis IG, Helland M, Efron N, Jones L, Dávila-Garcia E, Magnelli P, Teufl IM, Grupcheva CN, Jones D, Beeler-Kaupke M, Tan K, Pesinova A, Pult H, Ravn O, Santodomingo J, Malet F, Plakitsi A, Végh M, Erdinest N, Chande PK, Itoi M, Bendoriene J, van der Worp E, Pintor R, Moroy JL, Chia J, Awasthi S, Lam W, Romualdez-Oo J, Abesamis-Dichoso C, González-Méijome JM, Belousov V; Gierow P, Silih MS, Hsiao J, Nichols JJ. International contact lens prescribing in 2014. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Jan;30:28-33.

    5. Gaib SN, Vasudevan B. Low toric soft contact lens acceptance study. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Jun;38:194-198.

    6. Miller HG, Gates T, Edrington TB. Correcting for higher levels of astigmatism. Contact Lens Spectrum 2015 Jun;30:15.

    7. Snyder C. A review and discussion of crossed cylinder effects and over-refractions with toric soft contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 1989 Apr;16:113-118.

    8. Efron N. Daily soft lens replacement. In: Efron N, ed. Contact Lens Practice, 2nd ed. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann Elsevier; 2010;209-216.

    9. Hickson-Curran S, Spyridon M, Hunt C, Young G. The use of daily disposable lenses in problematic reusable contact lens wearers. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014 Aug;37:285-291.

    10. Sonsino J. Troubleshooting hybrid lenses. Contact Lens Spectrum 2014 Sept;29:28-30,32-34.

    11. van der Worp E, Bornman D, Ferreira DL, Faria-Ribeiro M, Garcia-Porta N, González-Meijome JM. Modern scleral contact lenses: A review. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014 Aug;37:240-250.

    12. Jurkus JM, Furman DW, Colip MK. Stability characteristics of toric soft lenses. International Contact Lens Clinic 1993 Mar-Apr;20:65-68.

    13. Tomlinson A., Chang F, Hitchcock J. A comparison of the stability of front and back surface toric soft lenses. Internat Eyecare. 1986;2:218-222.

    14. Goldsmith WA, Steel S. Rotational characteristics of toric contact lenses. International Contact Lens Clinic 1991 Nov-Dec;18:227-230.

    15. Momeni-Moghaddam H, Naroo SA, Askarizadeh F, Tahmasebi F. Comparison of fitting stability of the different soft toric contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014 Oct;37:346-350.

    16. Hough T, Humphry M, Langley K, Russell J, Rose L. The influence of lens design and power on the zonal oxygen transmissibility of silicone hydrogel soft toric contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Feb;38:e17-e18.

    17. Sulley A, Hawke R, Lorenz KO, Toubouti Y, Olivares G. Resultant vertical prism in toric soft contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Aug;38:253-257.

    18. van der Worp E, Mertz C. Sagittal height differences of frequent replacement silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Jun;38:157-162.

    19. Cox DJ, Banton T, Record S, Grabman JH, Hawkins RJ. Does correcting astigmatism with toric lenses improve driving performance? Optom Vis Sci. 2015 Apr;92:404-411.

(p. 30) Corneal Cross-Linking: Past, Present and Future
By Clark Chang, OD, MSA, MSc, FAAO

    1. Rabinowitz YS. Keratoconus. Surv Ophthalmol. 1998 Jan-Feb;42:297-319.

    2. Alió JL, Shabayek MH. Corneal higher order aberrations: a method to grade keratoconus. J Refract Surg. 2006 Jun;22:539-545.

    3. Gordon MO, Steger-May K, Szczotka-Flynn L, Riley C, Joslin CE, Weissman BA, Fink BA, Edrington TB, Olafsson HE, Zadnik K; CLEK Study Group. Baseline factors predictive of incident penetrating keratoplasty in keratoconus. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Dec;142:923-930.

    4. Hersh PS, Greenstein SA, Fry KL. Corneal collagen crosslinking for keratoconus and corneal ectasia: One-year results. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2011 Jan;37:149-160.

    5. Chang CY, Hersh PS. Corneal collagen cross-linking: a review of 1-year outcomes. Eye Contact Lens. 2014 Nov;40:345-352.

    6. Hashemi H, Seyedian MA, Miraftab M, Fotouhi A, Asgari S. Corneal collagen cross-linking with riboflavin and ultraviolet a irradiation for keratoconus: long-term results. Ophthalmology. 2013 Aug;120:1515-1520.

    7. Wollensak G, Spoerl E, Seiler T. Riboflavin/ultraviolet-a-induced collagen crosslinking for the treatment of keratoconus. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003 May;135:620-627.

    8. Hersh PS. Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking and LASIK. Cataract and Refractive Surgery Today. 2015 July;15:78-80

    9. Spoerl E, Mrochen M, Sliney D, Trokel S, Seiler T. Safety of UVA-riboflavin cross-linking of the cornea. Cornea. 2007 May;26:385-389.

    10. Vinciguerra P, Albè E, Trazza S, Rosetta P, Vinciguerra R, Seiler T, Epstein D. Refractive, topographic, tomographic, and aberrometric analysis of keratoconic eyes undergoing corneal cross-linking. Ophthalmology. 2009 Mar;116:369-378.

    11. Raiskup F, Theuring A, Pillunat LE, Spoerl E. Corneal collagen crosslinking with riboflavin and ultraviolet-A light in progressive keratoconus: ten-year results. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2015 Jan;41:41-46.

    12. Caporossi A, Mazzotta C, Paradiso AL, Baiocchi S, Marigliani D, Caporossi T. Transepithelial corneal collagen crosslinking for progressive keratoconus: 24-month clinical results. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2013 Aug;39:1157-1163.

    13. Hashemi H, Khabazkhoob M, Yazdani N, Ostadimoghaddam H, Norouzirad R, Amanzadeh K, Miraftab M, Derakhshan A, Yekta A. The prevalence of keratoconus in a young population in Mashhad, Iran. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2014 Sep;34:519-527.

    14. Greenstein SA, Fry KL, Bhatt J, Hersh PS. Natural history of corneal haze after collagen crosslinking for keratoconus and corneal ectasia: Scheimpflug and biomicroscopic analysis. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2010 Dec;36:2105-2114.

    15. Greenstein SA, Shah VP, Fry KL, Hersh PS. Corneal thickness changes after corneal collagen crosslinking for keratoconus and corneal ectasia: one-year results. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2011 Apr;37:691-700.

    16. Bottós KM, Dreyfuss JL, Regatieri CV, Lima-Filho AA, Schor P, Nader HB, Chamon W. Immunofluorescence confocal microscopy of porcine corneas following collagen cross-linking treatment with riboflavin and ultraviolet A. J Refract Surg. 2008 Sep;24:S715-S719.

    17. Wollensak G, Iomdina E. Biomechanical and histological changes after corneal crosslinking with and without epithelial debridement. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2009 Mar;35:540-546.

    18. Caporossi A, Mazzotta C, Paradiso AL, Baiocchi S, Marigliani D, Caporossi T. Transepithelial corneal collagen crosslinking for progressive keratoconus:24-month clinical results. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2013 Aug;39:1157-1163.

    19. Soeters N, Wisse RP, Godefrooij DA, Imhof SM, Tahzib NG. Transepithelial versus epithelium-off corneal cross-linking for the treatment of progressive keratoconus: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 May;159:821-828.

    20. Tomita M, Mita M, Huseynova T. Accelerated versus conventional corneal collagen crosslinking. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2014 Jun;40:1013-1020.

    21. Tan J, Lytle GE, Marshall J. Consecutive laser in situ keratomileusis and accelerated corneal crosslinking in highly myopic patients preliminary results. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2014 Dec 5:0.

    22. Kanellopoulos AJ, Asimellis G. Epithelial remodeling after femtosecond laser-assisted high myopic LASIK: comparison of stand-alone with LASIK combined with prophylactic high-fluence cross-linking. Cornea. 2014 May;33:463-469.

(p. 46) Scleral Vault – Scleral Lenses Are Not Just for Severe Dry Eye
By Gregory W. DeNaeyer, OD, FAAO

    1. Pflugfelder SC, Geerling G, Shigero Kinoshita S, Lemp M, McCulley J, Nelson D, Novack GN, Shimazaki J, Wilson C. Management and Therapy of Dry Eye Disease: Report of the Management and Therapy Subcommittee of the International Dry Eye Workshop. Ocul Surf. 2007 Apr;5:163-178.

    2. Schornack MM, Pyle J, Patel SV. Scleral Lenses in the Management of Ocular Surface Disease. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jul;121:1398-1405.

    3. Schornack MM. Scleral Lenses: A Literature Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2015 Jan;41:3-11.

    4. Visser ES, Visser R, van Lier HJ, Otten HM. Modern Scleral Lenses Part I: clinical features. Eye Contact Lens. 2007 Jan:33:13-20.

    5. Dimit R, Gire A, Pflugfelder SC, Bergmanson JP. Patient Ocular Conditions and Clinical Outcomes using PROSE Scleral Device. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 Aug;36:159-163.

(p. 48) Treatment Plan – Managing Scleral Lens-Induced Conjunctival Prolapse
By William L. Miller, OD, MS, PhD, FAAO

    1. Caroline P, André M. Conjunctival prolapse, hooding, chalasis or… . Contact Lens Spectrum. 2012 April;27:56

    2. Walker M, Caroline P, Lampa M, Kinoshita B, André M, Kojima R. Proposed Mechanism of Scleral Lens Induced Conjunctival Prolapse. Poster presented at the 2014 Global Specialty Lens Symposium, January 2014, Las Vegas.

    3. Mimura T, Yamagami S, Usui T, Funatsu H, Mimura Y, Noma H, Honda N, Amano S. Changes of conjunctivochalasis with age in a hospital-based study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jan;147:171-177.

    4. Mimura T, Usui T, Yamamoto H, Yamagami S, Funatsu H, Noma H, Honda N, Fukouka S, Amano S. Conjunctivochalasis and contact lenses. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul;148:20-25.

    5. Severinsky B, Behrman S, Frucht-Pery J, Solomon A. Scleral contact lenses for visual rehabilitation after penetrating keratoplasty: Long term outcomes. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014 Jun;37:196-202.