Contact Lens Spectrum


October 2016

Document #251

(p. 14) Research Review – Scleral Lenses: We Don’t Know What We Don’t Know
By S. Barry Eiden, OD, FAAO

    1. Compañ V, Oliveira C, Aguilella-Arzo M, Mollá S, Peixoto-de-Matos SC, González-Méijome JM. Oxygen diffusion and edema with modern scleral rigid gas permeable contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Sep 4;55:6421-6429.

    2. Jaynes JM, Edrington TB, Weissman BA. Predicting scleral GP lens entrapped tear layer oxygen tensions. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Feb;38:44-47.

    3. Michaud L, van der Worp E, Brazeau D, Warde R, Giasson CJ. Predicting estimates of oxygen transmissibility for scleral lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2012 Dec;35:266-271.

    4. Giasson C.J. Morency J. Michaud L. Measuring oxygen levels under scleral lenses of different clearances. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. June 2015;56:6074

    5. Vance KD, Miller W, Bermangson J. Measurement of tear flow in scleral contact lens wearers. Poster presented at the American Academy of Optometry meeting, New Orleans, 2015.

    6. Muntz A, Subbaraman L, Sorbara L, Jones L. Tear exchange and contact lenses: A review. J Optom. 2015 Jan-Mar;8:2-11.

    7. Sonsino J. The importance of tear exchange in contact lenses. Online Infocus blog article. 2015 Synergeyes website. Available at:

(p. 18) GP Insights – How to Incorporate Scleral Lenses into Your Practice
By Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd, FAAO

    1. Schornack M.  Scleral Lenses in Current Ophthalmic Practice: an Evaluation (SCOPE) Survey.  Presentation at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas. January 2016.

    2. Bennett ES.  Are scleral lenses impacting corneal transplants? Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Sep;30:13.

(p. 21) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Preparing the Dry Eye for Contact Len Wear
By William Townsend, OD, FAAO

    1. Tyagi G, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins M, Read S. Tear film surface quality with rigid and soft contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2012 May;38:171-178.

    2. Nichols JJ, Sinnott LT. Tear Film, Contact Lens, and Patient-Related Factors Associated with Contact Lens–Related Dry Eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Apr;47:1319-1328.

    3. Sullivan BD, Crews LA, Messmer EM, Foulks GN, Nichols KK, Baenninger P, Geerling G, Figueiredo F, Lemp MA. Correlations between commonly used objective signs and symptoms for the diagnosis of dry eye disease: clinical implications. Acta Ophthalmol. 2014 Mar;92:161-166.

    4. Machalińska A, Zakrzewska A, Adamek B, Safranow K, Wiszniewska B, Parafiniuk M, Machaliński. Comparison of Morphological and Functional Meibomian Gland Characteristics Between Daily Contact Lens Wearers and Nonwearers. Cornea. 2015 Sep;34:1098-1104.

    5. Arita R, Itoh K, Inoue K, Kuchiba A, Yamaguchi T, Amano S. Contact lens wear is associated with decrease of meibomian glands. Ophthalmology. 2009 Mar;116:379-384.

    6. Nichols KK, Foulks GN, Bron AJ, Glasgow BJ, Dogru M, Tsubota K, Lemp MA, Sullivan DA. The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: Executive Summary. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Mar;52:1922-1929.

(p. 24) GP Annual Report 2016
By Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd, FAAO

    1. Nichols JJ. Contact lenses 2014. Contact Lens Spectrum 2015 Jan;30:22-27.

    2. Nichols JJ. Contact lenses 2015. Contact Lens Spectrum 2016 Jan;31:18-23,55.

    3. Bennett ES. GP Annual Report 2015. Contact Lens Spectrum 2015 Oct;30:24-31.

    4. Bavinger JC, DeLoss K, Mian SI. Scleral lens use in dry eye syndrome. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2015 Jul;26:319-324.

    5. Schornack M. Scleral Lenses in Current Ophthalmic Practice: an Evaluation (SCOPE) Survey. Presented at the annual Global Specialty Lens Symposium, January, 2016, Las Vegas.

    6. Barnett M, Lien V, Li JY, Durbin-Johnson B, Mannis MJ. Use of scleral lenses and miniscleral lenses after penetrating keratoplasty. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 May;42:185-189.

    7. Vincent SJ, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins MJ, Beanland A, Lam L, Lim CC, Loke A, Nguyen. Hypoxic corneal changes following eight hours of scleral contact lens wear. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Mar;93:293-299.

    8. Josh Adams, personal communication. 2016.

    9. Ritzmann M, Morrison S, Caroline P, Kinoshita B, Lampa M, Kojima R. Height and Scleral Toricity in 50 Normal Eyes Measured by Three Different Techniques. Poster presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, January 2016, Las Vegas.

    10. Sankaridurg P, Holden B, Smith E 3rd, Naduvilath T, Chen X, de la Jara PL, Martinez A, Kwan J, Ho A, Frick K, Ge J. Decrease in rate of myopia progression with a contact lens designed to reduce relative peripheral hyperopia: One-year results. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Dec;52:9362-9367.

    11. Holden B. The Future of Myopia Management with Contact Lenses. Presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, January 2015, Las Vegas.

    12. González-Méijome JM, Faria-Ribeiro MA, Lopes-Ferreira DP, Fernandes P, Carracedo G, Queiros A. Changes in peripheral refractive profile after orthokeratology for different degrees of myopia. Curr Eye Res. 2016;41(2):199-207.

    13. Liu YM, Xie P. The Safety of Orthokeratology – A Systematic Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 Jan;42:35-42.

    14. Bullimore MA, Sinnott LT, Jones-Jordan LA. The risk of microbial keratitis with overnight corneal reshaping lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Sep;90:937-944.

    15. Azhar J, Bennett ES, Castellano CF. Corneal desiccation in today’s GP lens wearers: Results. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Nov;30:17.

(p. 34) Five Tips for Achieving Scleral Lens Success
By Chad M. Rosen, OD, FAAO, & Josh T. Lotoczky, OD, FAAO

    1. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2015. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2016 Jan;31:18-23, 55.

    2. Wagner H, and Byrnes S. 2008. Nonsurgical Treatment for Irregular Astigmatism: Contact Lens Options. In Irregular Astigmatism: Diagnosis and Treatment, 1st ed, Wang M, ed. SLACK Incorporated. pp. 101.

    3. Griffiths M, Zahner K, Collins M, Carney L. Masking of Irregular Corneal Topography with Contact Lenses. CLAO J. 2008 Apr24:76-81.

    4. Marsack JD, Ravikumar A, Nguyen C, Ticak A, Koenig DE, Elswick JD, Applegate RA.. Wavefront-Guided Scleral Lens Correction in Keratoconus. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Oct;91:1221-1230.

    5. Sabesan R, Johns L, Tomashevskaya O, Jacobs DS, Rosenthal P, Yoon G. Wavefront-Guided Scleral Lens Prosthetic Device for Keratoconus. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Apr;90:314-323.

    6. Ramdass S, Rosen C, Norman C, Buckingham R. Clinical Analysis of Scleral Lenses on Regular Corneas. Scientific paper presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, January 2016.

    7. Schipper A, Lotoczky J. How Deep Is Your Vault? Comparison Between Vault and Corneal Edema. Scientific poster presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, January 2016. Available at

    8. Vincent SJ, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins MJ, Beanland A, Lam L, Lim CC, Loke A, Nguyen N. Hypoxic Corneal Changes Following Eight Hours of Scleral Contact Lens Wear. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Mar;93:293-299.

    9. Young G. Ocular Sagittal Height and Soft Contact Lens Fit. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 1992 Dec;15:45-49.

    10. Hall LA, Hunt C, Young G, Wolffsohn J. Factors Affecting Corneoscleral Topography. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 May 1;54:3691-3701.

    11. Kauffman MJ, Gilmartin CA, Bennett ES, Bassi CJ. A Comparison of the Short-Term Settling of Three Scleral Lens Designs. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Dec;91:1462-66.

    12. Bauer A, Lotoczky J. Let’s Settle This Once and For All: A Comparison of Scleral Lens Settling. Scientific poster presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, January 2015.

    13. Lotoczky J, Rosen J, Norman C. Scleral Lens Fit Scales. Ferris State University, Michigan College of Optometry, 2014. Available at

    14. Kasahara M, Shoji N, Morita T, Shimizu K. Comparative Optical Coherence Tomography Study of Differences in Scleral Shape between the Superonasal and Superotemporal Quadrants. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2014 Sep;58:396-401.

    15. Walker MK, Bergmanson JP, Miller WL, Marsack JD, Johnson LA. Complications and Fitting Challenges Associated with Scleral Contact Lenses: A Review. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016 Apr;39:88-96.

    16. McKinney A, Miller W, Leach N, Polizzi C, van der Worp E, Bergmanson J. The Cause of Midday Visual Fogging in Scleral Gas Permeable Lens Wearers. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 June;54:5483.

    17. Caroline P, André M. Etiology of Scleral Lens-Induced Conjunctival Prolapse. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2013 Aug;28:56.

    18. Caroline P, André M. A Potential Effect of Conjunctival Prolapse. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2013 Sep;28:56.

    19. Bennett E, Henry V. Clinical Manual of Contact Lenses. Fourth. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013.

(p. 38) A Retrospective Look at Children Fit with Ortho-k Lenses
By Stephanie Ramdass, OD, MS, FAAO; Nicholas Despotidis, OD, FCOVD, FAAO, FIAO; Chad M. Rosen, OD, FAAO; Robert S. Buckingham, OD, PhD, FAAO; Craig W. Norman, FCLSA; Ivan Lee, OD, FIAO; & Barry M. Tannen, OD, FCOVD, FAAO

    1. Si JK, Tang K, Bi HS, Guo DD, Guo JG, Wang XR. Orthokeratology for myopia control: A meta-analysis. Optom Vis Sci. 201 Mar5;92:252-257.

    2. Donovan L, Sankaridurg P, Ho A, Naduvilath T, Smith EL 3rd. Holden B. Myopia progression rates in urban children wearing single-vision spectacles. Optom Vis Sci. 2012 Jan;89:27-32.

    3. Lin HJ, Wan L, Tsai FJ, Tsai YY, Chen LA, Tsai AL, Huang YC. Overnight orthokeratology is comparable with atropine in controlling myopia. BMC Ophthalmol. 2014 Mar 31;14:40.

    4. Swarbrick HA, Alharbi A, Watt K, Lum E, Kang P. Myopia control during orthokeratology lens wear in children using a novel study design. Ophthalmology. 2015 Mar;122:620-630.

    5. Cho P, Cheung SW, Edwards M. The longitudinal orthokeratology research in children (LORIC) in Hong Kong: a pilot study on refractive changes and myopic control. Curr Eye Res. 2005 Jan;30:71-80.

    6. Gwiazda J, Hyman L, Hussein M, Everett D, Norton TT, Kurtz D, Leske MC, Manny R, Marsh-Tootle W, Scheiman M. A randomized clinical trial of progressive addition lenses versus single vision lenses on the progression of myopia in children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Apr;44:1492-1500.

    7. Pärssinen O, Lyyra AL. Myopia and myopic progression among schoolchildren: a three-year follow-up study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1993 Aug;34:2794-2802.

(p. 47) Contact Lens Practice Pearls – GPs: How Do They Fit into Your Business?
By Jason R. Miller, OD, MBA, FAAO

    1. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2015. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2016 Jan;31:18-23, 55.

    2. Chamberlain P. Proclear 1 Day Multifocal: A refreshing perspective for the multifocal lens wearer. Paper presented at: BCLA2012; Birmingham, England.

(p. 49) Pediatric and Teen CL Care – GP Lenses for Ocular Trauma in Children
By Melanie Frogozo, OD, FAAO

    1. Pradhan ZS, Mittal R, Jacob P. Rigid gas-permeable contact lenses for visual rehabilitation of traumatized eyes in children. Cornea. 2014 May;33:486-489.

    2. Sindt C. Pediatric Contact Lens Fitting. In Manual of Contact Lens Prescribing and Fitting, Third Edition. Hom MM, Bruce AS, eds. St. Louis, Elsevier Inc. 2006:599-636.

    3. Alipur F, Hosseini SS. Visual management of aphakia with concomitant severe corneal irregularity by mini-scleral design contact lenses. J Curr Ophthalmol. 2016 Mar 30;28:27-31.

(p. 46) Prescribing for Astigmatism – “Irregular” Applications of Toric GP Lenses
By Britney Kitamata-Wong, OD; Grace Liao, OD; & Timothy B. Edrington, OD, MS, FAAO

    1. Shoylin JP. Bitoric RGPs for Keratoconus? Rev Optom. 2001 Jan;138:98.

    2. Blackmore K, Bachand N, Bennett ES, Henry VA. Gas Permeable Toric Use and Applications: Survey of Section on Cornea and Contact Lens Diplomates of the American Academy of Optometry. Optometry, 2006 Jan;77:17-22.

    3. Edrington TB. Are Torics an Option for Keratoconus? Contact Lens Spectrum. 2005 Aug;20:17.

    4. Weissman, BA. Fitting Patients with Keratoconus. Rev Optom. 2002 Jul 15;139:07.

    5. Dominguez CE, Shah A, Weissman BA. Bitoric gas-permeable contact lens application in pellucid marginal corneal degeneration. Eye Contact Lens. 2005 Sep;31:241-243.