Contact Lens Spectrum

References

September 2016

Document #250

(p. 14) Prescribing for Presbyopia – Presbyopic Lenses—How Far Have We Come in 30 Years?
By Craig W. Norman, FCLSA

    1. Bailey NJ. Contact Lenses, 1986, Part 3. Contact Lens Spectrum. 1986 Mar;1:25-27, 30, 35-26.

    2. Winegar W, Miller M. A Viable Presbyopic Contact Lens. Contact Lens Spectrum. 1986 Jul;1:41-43.

    3. Friant RJ, Miller WC. When Bifocal Contact Lenses Are Most Likely to Succeed. Contact Lens Spectrum. 1986 Jun;1:14, 16-17, 19, 21, 23.

(p. 19) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Should Sleep Surveys Be Standard in Dry Eye Exams?
By Katherine M. Mastrota, MS, OD, FAAO

    1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sleep and Sleep Disorders. 2105 March 12. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/Sleep/index.html. Accessed July 12, 2016.

    2. Kawashima M, Uchino M, Yokoi N, Uchino Y, Dogru M, Komuro A, Sonomura Y, Kato H, Kinoshita S, Tsubota K. The association of sleep quality with dry eye disease: the Osaka study. Clin Ophthalmol. 2016 Jun 1;10:1015-1021.

    3. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF 3rd, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989 May;28:193-213.

    4. CDC. Unhealthy Sleep-Related Behaviors—12 States, 2009. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2011 May 4;60. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm6008.pdf. Accessed July 13, 2016.

    5. CDC. Insufficient Sleep Is a Public Health Problem. 2015 Sept 3. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/features/dssleep. Accessed on July 13, 2016.

    6. National Sleep Foundation. Available at https://sleepfoundation.org/excessivesleepiness/sleep-tools-tips/healthy-sleep-tips. Accessed July 13, 2016.

(p. 21) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Reducing Contact Lens Case Contamination
By Andrew D. Pucker, OD, MS, FAAO

    1. Wu YT, Zhu H, Harmis NY, Iskandar SY, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Profile and frequency of microbial contamination of contact lens cases. Optom Vis Sci. 2010 Mar;87:E152-E158.

    2. Panthi S, Paudel P, Chaudhary M, Sapkota K, Shah DN. Microbial contamination of contact lens care accessories and compliance with care regimens in Nepal. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014 Feb;37:2-10.

    3. Vijay AK, Willcox M, Zhu H, Stapleton F. Contact lens storage case hygiene practice and storage case contamination. Eye Contact Lens. 2015 Mar;41:91-97.

    4. Hickson-Curran S, Chalmers RL, Riley C. Patient attitudes and behavior regarding hygiene and replacement of soft contact lenses and storage cases. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2011 Oct;34:207-215.

    5. Stapleton F, Edwards K, Keay L, Naduvilath T, Dart JK, Brian G, Holden B. Risk factors for moderate and severe microbial keratitis in daily wear contact lens users. Ophthalmology. 2012 Aug;119:1516-1521.

    6. Wu YT, Willcox MD, Stapleton F. The effect of contact lens hygiene behavior on lens case contamination. Optom Vis Sci. 2015 Feb;92:167-174.

    7. Wu YT, Zhu H, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Impact of air-drying lens cases in various locations and positions. Optom Vis Sci. 2010;87:465-468.

    8. Lakkis C, Anastasopoulos F, Terry C, Borazjani R. Time Course of the Development of Contact Lens Case and Contact Lens Contamination. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Apr;50:E-Abstract 6352.

(p. 22) Contact Lenses: The Last 30 Years
By Desmond Fonn, MOptom, & Deborah Sweeney, PhD

    1. Poggio EC, Glynn RJ, Schein OD, Seddon JM, Shannon MJ, Scardino VA, Kenyon KK. The incidence of ulcerative keratitis among users of daily and extended-wear soft contact lenses. New Engl J Med. 1989 Sep 21;321:779-783.

    2. Ibrahim YW, Boase DL, Cree IA. How could contact lens wearers be at risk of Acanthamoeba Infection? A review. J Optom. 2009;2(2):60-66.

    3. Sarver MD. Striate corneal lines among patients wearing hydrophilic contact lenses. Am J Optom Arch Am Acad Optom. 1971 Sep;48:762-763.

    4. Polse KA, Sarver MD, Harris MG. Corneal edema and vertical striae accompanying the wearing of hydrogel lenses. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1975 Mar; 2:185-191.

    5. Harris MG, Sarver MD, Polse KA. Corneal curvature and refractive error changes associated with wearing hydrogel contact lenses. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1975 May;53:313-319.

    6. Ruben M. Acute eye disease secondary to contact lens wear. Lancet. 1976 Jan 17;1:138-140.

    7. Holden BA, Mertz GW. Critical oxygen levels to avoid corneal edema for daily and extended wear contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1984 Oct;25:1161-1167.

    8. Mertz G. Overnight swelling of the living cornea. J Am Optom Assoc. 1980 Mar;51:211-214.

    9. La Hood D, Sweeney D, Holden B. Overnight corneal edema with hydrogel, rigid gas permeable and silicone elastomer contact lenses. Int Cont Lens Clin. 1988;15:149-152.

    10. du Toit R, Vega JA, Simpson T, Fonn D. Diurnal variation in corneal thickness and sensitivity. Cornea. 2003 Apr;22:205-209.

    11. Holden BA, Sweeney DF, Vannas A, Nilsson KT, Efron N. Effects of long-term extended contact lens wear on the human cornea. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1985 Nov;26:1489-1501.

    12. Holden BA, Vannas A, Nilsson K, Efron N, Sweeney D, Kotow M, La Hood D, Guillon M. Epithelial and endothelial effects from the extended wear of contact lenses. Curr Eye Res. 1985 Jun:4:739-742.

    13. Carney LG, Bailey IL. Hydrophilic contact lenses - their effects on the cornea. The Aust J Optom. 1972 May;55:161-163.

    14. Zantos SG, Holden BA. Ocular changes associated with continuous wear of contact lenses. Aust J Optom. 1978:61:418-426.

    15. Sweeney DF, Holden BA. Silicone elastomer lens wear induces less overnight corneal edema than sleep without lens wear. Curr Eye Res. 1987 Dec;6:1391-1394.

    16. Mannarino AP, Belin MW, Weiner BM. Clinical fitting characteristics of extended wear silicone (Silsight) lenses. CLAO J. 1985 Oct-Dec;11:339-342.

    17. Tighe BJ Silicone Hydrogels; structure, properties and behaviour In: Sweeney DF, ed. Silicone Hydrogels: Continuous-wear Contact Lenses Edinburgh: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2004:1-27

    18. Dumbleton KA, Chalmers RL, Richter DB, Fonn D. Changes in myopic refractive error with nine months’ extended wear of hydrogel lenses with high and low oxygen permeability. Optom Vis Sci 1999 Dec;76: 845-849.

    19. Stern J, Wong R, Naduvilath TJ, Holden BA, Sweeney DF. Comparison of the performance of 6- or 30-night extended wear schedules with silicone hydrogel lenses over 3 years. Optom Vis Sci. 2004 Jun;81:398-406.

    20. Jalbert I, Stretton S, Naduvilath T, Holden BA, Keay L, Sweeney DF. Changes in myopia with low-Dk hydrogel and high-Dk silicone hydrogel extended wear. Optom Vis Sci. 2004 Aug;81:591-596.

    21. Papas EB, Vajdic CM, Austen R, Holden BA. High-oxygen-transmissibility soft contact lenses do not induce limbal hyperaemia. Curr Eye Res. 1997 Sep;16:942–948.

    22. Papas E. On the relationship between soft contact lens oxygen transmissibility and induced limbal hyperaemia. Exp Eye Res.1998 Aug;67:125-131.

    23. Covey, M, Sweeney DF, Terry RL, Sankaridurg P, Holden BA. Hypoxic effects on the anterior eye of high-Dk soft contact lens wearers are negligible. Optom Vis Sci. 2001 Feb; 78:95-99.

    24. Holden BA, Sweeney DF, Sankaridurg PR, Carnt N, Edward K, Stretton S, Stapleton F. Microbial keratitis and vision loss with contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2003 Jan;29 (1 Suppl):S131-S134; discussion S192-S194.

    25. Lim L, Loughnan MS, Sullivan LJ. Microbial keratitis associated with extended wear of silicone hydrogels lenses. Br J Ophthalmol. 2002 Mar;86:355-357.

    26. Schein OD, McNally JJ, Katz J, Chalmers RL, Tielsch JM, Alfonso E, Bullimore M, O'Day D, Shovlin J. The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30-day silicone hydrogel extended-wear contact lens. Ophthalmology. 2005 Dec;112:2172-2179.

    27. Stapleton F, Keay L, Edwards K, Naduvilath T, Dart JK, Brian G, Holden BA. The incidence of contact lens-related microbial keratitis in Australia. Ophthalmology. 2008 Oct;115:1655-1662.

    28. Stapleton F, Keay L, Edwards K, Holden BA. The epidemiology of microbial keratitis with silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:79-85.

    29. Carnt NA, Sweeney DF, Stern J, Willcox M, Wong R. Factors associated with unusual cases of acute infiltrative keratitis in silicone hydrogel extended wear. Invest Ophthal Vis Sci. 2002 Dec;43:3111.

    30. Szczotka-Flynn L, Diaz M. Risk of corneal inflammatory events with silicone hydrogel and low dk hydrogel extended contact lens wear: a meta-analysis. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 Apr;84:247-256.

    31. Chalmers RL, Keay L, McNally J, Kern J. Multicenter case-control study of the role of lens materials and care products on the development of corneal infiltrates. Optom Vis Sci. 2012 Mar;89:316-325.

    32. Kotow M, Holden B Grant T. The value of regular replacement of low water content contact lenses for extended wear J Am Optom Assoc. 1987 Jun;58:461-464.

    33. Grant T, Holden BA, Rechberger J, Chong MS. Contact lens related papillary conjunctivitis (CLPC): influence of protein accumulation and replacement frequency. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1989;30:166.

    34. Pritchard N, Fonn D Weed K. Ocular and subjective responses to frequent replacement of daily wear soft contact lenses. CLAO J. 1996 Jan;22:53-59.

    35. Nichols J. Contact Lenses 2014. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Jan;30:23-25, 27.

    36. Efron N, Nichols JJ, Woods CA, and Morgan PB. Trends in US contact lens prescribing. 2002 to 2014. Optom Vis Sci. 2015 Jul;92:758-767.

    37. Morgan P. Personal communication. 2016.

    38. Jones L, MacDougall N, Sorbara LG. Asymptomatic corneal staining associated with the use of balafilcon silicone-hydrogel contact lenses disinfected with a polyaminopropyl biguanide-preserved care regimen. Optom Vis Sci. 2002 Dec;79:753-761.

    39. Carnt N, Willcox MD, Evans V, Naduvilath TJ, Tilia D, Papas EB, Sweeney DF, Holden BA. Corneal staining: the IER matrix study. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2007 Sep;22:38-43.

    40. Saw SM, Ooi PL, Tan DT, Khor WB, Fong CW, Lim J, Cajucom-Uy HY, Heng D, Chew SK, Aung T, Tan AL, Chan CL, Ting S, Tambyah PA, Wong TY. Risk factors for contact lens-related fusarium keratitis: a case-control study in Singapore. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 May:125;611-617.

    41. Tu EY, Joslin CE. Recent outbreaks of atypical contact lens-related keratitis: what have we learned? Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Nov;150:602-608.

    42. Pritchard N, Fonn D, Brazeau D. Discontinuation of contact lens wear: A survey. ICLC. 1999 Nov;26:157-162.

    43. Dumbleton KA, Woods CA, Jones LW, Fonn D. Comfort and adaptation to silicone hydrogel lenses for daily wear. Eye Contact Lens. 2008 Jul;34:215-223.

    44. Jones L, Brennan NA, González-Méijome J, Lally J, Maldonado-Codina C, Schmidt TA, Subbaraman L, Young G, Nichols JJ; members of the TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Report of the Contact Lens Materials, Design, and Care Subcommittee. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct 18;54:TFOS37-TFOS70.

    45. Guillon M. Are Silicone Hydrogel contact lenses more comfortable than hydrogel contact lenses? Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:86-92.

    46. Efron N, Morgan PB, Woods CA; International Contact Lens Prescribing Consortium. An international survey of daily disposable contact lens prescribing. Clin Exp Optom. 2013 Jan;96:58-64.

    47. Dumbleton K, Woods C, Jones L, Fonn D, Sarwer DB. Patient and practitioner compliance with silicone hydrogel and daily disposable lens replacement in the United States. Eye Contact Lens. 2009 Jul;35:164-171.

    48. Dumbleton K, Richter D, Woods C, Jones L, Fonn D. Compliance with contact lens replacement in Canada and the United States. Optom Vis Sci. 2010 Feb;87:131-139.

    49. Morgan PB, Plowright AJ, Moody KJ, Henderson T. A daily disposable silicone hydrogel contact lens in neophyte wearers. Optom Vis Sci. 2009;86:E-abstract 95814

    50. Solomon OD, Freeman MI, Boshnick EL, Cannon WM, Dubow BW, Kame RT, Lanier JC, Jr., Lopanik RW, Quinn TG, Rigel LE, Sherrill DD, Stiegemeier MJ, Teiche RS, Zigler LG, Mertz GW, Nason RJ. A 3-year prospective study of the clinical performance of daily disposable contact lenses compared with frequent replacement and conventional daily wear contact lenses. CLAO J. 1996 Oct;22:250-257.

    51. Stapleton F, Edwards K, Keay L, Naduvilath T, Dart JKG, Brian G, Holden B. Risk factors for moderate and severe microbial keratitis in daily wear contact lens users. Ophthalmology. 2012 Aug;119:1516-1521.

    52. Griffiths H. A new silicone hydrogel daily disposable lens. Optician. 2009 Jun 11;238:16-19.

    53. Draper M, Pérez-Gomez I, Pruitt J A. Water Gradient Contact Lens. The Optician. 2013 Apr 5;245, 6396, ProQuest Central:24-26

    54. Dunn A, Urueña JM, Huo Y, Pery SS, Angelini TE, Sawyer WG. Lubricity of Surface Hydrogel Layers. Tribology Letters. 2013:49;371-378.

    55. Morgan PB, Chamberlain P, Moody K, Maldonado-Codina C. Ocular physiology and comfort in neophyte subjects fitted with daily disposable silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 Jun;36:118-125.

    56. Chalmers RL, Hickson-Curran SB, Keay L, Gleason WJ, Albright R. Rates of adverse events with hydrogel and silicone hydrogel daily disposable lenses in a large postmarket surveillance registry: the TEMPO Registry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Jan 8;56:654-663.

    57. Holden BA. The principles and practice of correcting astigmatism with soft contact lenses. Aust J Optom. 1975 Aug;58:279-299.

    58. Young G, Sully A, Hunt C. Prevalence of astigmatism in relation to soft contact lens fitting. Eye Contact Lens. 2011 Jan;37:20-25.

    59. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2015. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2016 Jan;31:18-23, 55.

    60. Morgan P, Woods C, Tranoudis I, Helland M, Efron N, Jones L. Teufl M, Grupcheva CN, Lemos RS, Jones D, Beeler-Kaupke D, Qi P; Tan K-O, Belikova J, Pult H, Ravn O, Santodomingo-Rubido J, Malet F, Plakitsi A, Végh M, Erdinest N, Jafari AR, Montani G, Itoi M, Chu BS, Bendoriene J, van der Worp E, Pintor R, Monroy JL, Chia J, Awasthi S, Lam W, Romualdez-Oo J, Abesamis-Dichoso C, González-Méijome JM, Gierow P, Silih MS, Hsiao J, Nichols JJ. International Contact Lens Prescribing in 2015. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2016 Jan;31:24-29.

    61. Back AP, Holden BA, Hine NA. Correction of presbyopia with contact lenses: Comparative success rates with three systems. Optom Vis Sci. 1989 Aug;66:518-525.

    62. Back AP, Grant T, Hine N. Comparative visual performance of three presbyopic contact lens corrections. Optom Vis Sci 1992 Jun:69:474-480.

    63. Polse KA, Graham AD, Fusaro RE, Gan CM, Rivera RK, Lin MC, Sanders TL, McNamara NA, Chan JS. The Berkeley Contact Lens Extended Wear Study: Part II. Ophthalmology. 2001 Aug;108;1389-1399.

    64. Swarbrick HA. Orthokeratology review and update. Clin Exp Optom. 2006 May;89:124-143.

    65. Bullimore MA, Sinnot LT, Jones-Jordan LA. The risk of microbial keratitis with overnight corneal reshaping lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Sep:90; 937-944.

    66. van der Worp E, Bornman D, Ferreira DL, Faria-Ribeiro M, Garcia-Porta N, Gonza´lez-Meijome JM. Modern scleral contact lenses: a review. Cont Lens Ant Eye. 2014 Aug;37:240-250.

    67. Morgan PB, Chamberlain P, Moody K, Maldonado-Codina C.Ocular physiology and comfort in neophyte subjects fitted with daily disposable silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013; 36:118-125.

    68. Lee YY, Lo CT, Sheu SJ, Yin LT. Risk factors for and progression of myopia in young Taiwanese men. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2015 Feb;22:66-73.

    69. Wu LJ, You QS, Duan JL, Luo YX, Liu LJ, Li X, Gao Q, Zhu HP, He Y, Xu L, Jonas JB, Wang W, Guo XH. Prevalence and associated factors of myopia in high-school students in Beijing. PloS One. 2015 Mar 24;10:e0120764

    70. Holden B, Davis S, Jong M, Resnikoff S. The evolution of uncorrected refractive error as a major public health issue. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales. 2014; 147(453/454):101-106.

    71. Holden BA, Fricke TR, Wilson DA, Jong M, Naidoo KS, Sankaridurg P, Wong TY, Naduvilath TJ, Reskinoff S. Global prevalence of myopia and high myopia and temporal trends from 2000 through 2050. Ophthalmology. 2016 May;123: 1036-1042.

    72. Chia A, Chua WH, Cheung YB, Wong WL, Lingham A, Fong A, Tan D. Atropine for the treatment of childhood myopia: safety and efficacy of 0.5%, 0.1%, and 0.01% doses (Atropine for the Treatment of Myopia 2). Ophthalmology. 2012 Feb:119;347-354.

    73. Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott L, Chitkara M, Coffey B, Jackson JM, Manny RE, Rah MJ, Prinstein MJ, ACHIEVE Study Group. Randomized trial of the effect of contact lens wear on self-perception in children. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Mar;86:222-232.

    74. Cho P, Cheung SW. Retardation of Myopia in Orthokeratology (ROMIO) study: A 2-Year randomized clinical trial. Invest Ophthal Vis Sci. 2012 Oct 11;53:7077-7085.

    75. Sankaridurg P, Holden B, Smith E 3rd, Naduvilath T, Chen X, de la Jara PL, Martinez A, Kwan J, Ho A, Frick K, Ge J. Decrease in rate of myopia progression with a contact lens designed to reduce relative peripheral hyperopia: one-year results. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Dec 9;52:9362-9367.

    76. Aller TA, Liu M, Wildsoet CF. Myopia Control with Bifocal Contact Lenses: A randomized clinical trial. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Apr;93:344-352.

(p. 28) Contact Lenses: The Next 30 Years
By Harvard Sylvan, OD

    1. Nichols J. Contact Lenses 2015. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2016 Jan;31:1823,55.

    2. Guillon M, Maissa C. Contact lens wear affects tear film evaporation. Eye and Contact Lens. 2008 Nov;34:326-330.

    3. Nichols J, Mitchell G, King-Smith P. Thinning rate of the precorneal and prelens tear films. Invest Opthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jul;46:2353-2361.

    4. Kern J, Rappon J, Bauman E, Vaughn B. Assessment of the relationship between contact lens coefficient of friction and subject lens comfort. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 June; 54;ARVO Abstracts: E-abstract 494

    5. Coles MC, Brennan NA. Coefficient of friction and soft contact lens comfort. Optom Vis Sci. 2012; 89: E-abstract 125603.

    6. Willcox M. Microbial adhesion to silicone hydrogel lenses: a review. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:61-66.

    7. Dutta D, Cole N, Kumar N, Willcox MD. Broad spectrum antimicrobial activity of melimine covalently bound to contact lenses. Invest Opthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Jan 7;54:175-182.

    8. Dutta D, Ozkan J, Willcox MD. Biocompatibility of antimicrobial melimine lenses: Rabbit and human studies, Optom Vis Sci. 2014 May;91:570-581.

    9. Tilia D, Lazon de la Jara P, Zhu H, Naduvilath TJ, Holden BA. The effect of compliance on contact lens case contamination. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Mar;91:262-271.

    10. Dantam J, Zhu H, Willcox M, Ozkan J, Naduvilath T, Thomas V, Stapleton F. In vivo assessment of antimicrobial efficacy of silver-impregnated contact lens storage cases. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Mar 26;53:1641-1648.

    11. Verma MS, Chen PZ, Jones L, Gu FX. Controlling “chemical nose” biosensor characteristics by modulating gold nanoparticle shape and concentration. Sensing and Bio-sensing Research. 2015 Sep;5:513-518.

    12. Twa MD, Roberts CJ, Karol HJ, Mahmoud AM, Weber PA, Small RH. Evaluation of a contact lens-embedded sensor for intraocular pressure measurement. J Glaucoma. 2010 Aug;19:382-390.

    13. Flatau A, Solano F, Idrees S, Jefferys JL, Volpe P, Damion C, Quigley HA. Measured changes in limbal strain during simulated sleep In face down position using an instrumented contact lens in healthy adults and adults with glaucoma. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Apr 1;134:375-382.

    14. Hiraoka T, Kakita T, Okamoto F, Takahashi H, Oshika T. Long-term effect of overnight orthokeratology on axial length elongation in childhood myopia: a 5-year follow-up study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jun 22;53:3913-3919. 

    15. Sankaridurg P, Holden B, Smith E 3rd, Naduvilath T, Chen X, de la Jara PL, Martinez A, Kwan J, Ho A, Frick K, Ge J. Decrease in rate of myopia progression with a contact lens designed to reduce relative peripheral hyperopia: one-year results. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Dec;52:9362-9367.

    16. Chia A, Chua WH, Wen L, Fong A, Goon YY, Tan D. Atropine for the treatment of childhood myopia: Changes after stopping atropine 0.01%, 0.1% and 0.5%. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb;157:451-457.

    17. Bobba S, Chow S, Watson S, Di Girolamo N. Clinical outcomes of xeno-free expansion and transplantation of autologous ocular surface epithelial stem cells via contact lens delivery: a prospective case series. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2015 Mar 12;6:23.

(p. 40) Back and the Future
By Jason J. Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD, FAAO, & Deborah Fisher

    1. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2015. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2016 Jan;31:18-23,55.

    2. Morgan PB, Woods CA, Tranoudis IG; Helland M, Efron N, Jones L, Teufl IM, Grupcheva CN, Lemos RS; Jones D, Beeler-Kaupke M, Qi P; Tan KO, Belikova J; Pult H, Ravn O, Santodomingo-Rubido J, Malet F, Plakitsi A, Végh M, Erdinest N, Jafari AR, Montani G, Itoi M, Sun B, Bendoriene J, van der Worp E, Pintor R, Monroy JL, Chia J, Awasthi S, Lam W, Romualdez-Oo J, Abesamis-Dichoso C, González-Méijome JM, GIEROW P, Silih MS, Hsiao J, Nichols JJ. International Contact Lens Prescribing in 2015. 2016 Jan;31:24-29.

    3. Orsborn GN, Zantos SG. Practitioner survey: management of dry-eye symptoms in soft lens wearers. Contact Lens Spectrum. 1989 Sept;4:23-26.

    4. Dumbleton KA, Richter D, Woods CA, Aakre BM, Plowright A, Morgan PB, Jones LW. A multi-country assessment of compliance with daily disposable contact lens wear. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 July;36:304-312.

    5. Holden BA, Fricke TR, Wilson DA, Jong M, Naidoo KS, Sankaridurg P, Wong TY, Naduvilath TJ, Resnikoff S. Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050. Ophthalmology. 2016 May;123:1036-1042.

(p. 58) Contact Lens Practice Pearls – What’s Best for My Patients Is Best for My Practice
By David L. Kading, OD, FAAO

    1. Nichols J. Contact Lenses 2014. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Jan;30:23-25, 27.

    2. Riley C, Young G, Chalmers R. Prevalence of ocular surface symptoms, signs, and uncomfortable hours of wear in contact lens wearers: the effect of refitting with daily-wear silicone hydrogel lenses (senofilcon a). Eye Contact Lens. 2006 Dec;32:281-286.

(p. 62) The Scleral Lens Vault – Minimizing Corneal Hypoxia and Edema
By Gregory W. DeNaeyer, OD, FAAO

    1. Michaud L, van der Worp E, Brazeau D, Warde R, Giasson CJ. Predicting estimates of oxygen transmissibility for scleral lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2012 Dec;35:266-271.

    2. Compañ V, Oliveira C, Aguilella-Arzo M, Mollá S, Peixoto-de-Matos SC, González-Méijome JM. Oxygen diffusion and edema with modern scleral rigid gas permeable contact lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Sep 4;55:6421-6429.

    3. Jaynes JM, Edrington TB, Weissman BA. Predicting scleral GP lens entrapped tear layer oxygen tensions. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Feb;38:44-47.

    4. Pullum KW, Stapleton FJ. Scleral lens induced corneal swelling: what is the effect of varying Dk and lens thickness? CLAO J. 1997 Oct;23:259-263.

    5. Miller WL, Vance K, Johnson L, Bermanson JP. Scleral contact lens effect on central and peripheral corneal thickness. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015; 55:6103.

    6. Schipper A, Lotoczky JT. How Deep is Your Vault? Comparison Between Vault and Corneal Edema. Poster presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium 2016, Las Vegas. Available at http://www.pentavisionevents.com/ckfinder/userfiles/files/Schipper%20-%20Scleral%20Vault%20&%20Corneal%20Edema%20Poster.pdf

    7. Vincent SJ, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins MJ, Beanland A, Lam L, Lim CC, Loke A, Nguyen N. Hypoxic Corneal Changes following Eight Hours of Scleral Contact Lens Wear. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Mar;93:293-299.

    8. Michaud L. Scleral Lens Fitting: Once rare, now routine? Available at https://www.reviewofoptometry.com/ce/scleral-lens-fitting-once-rare.

(p. 64) Treatment Plan – When Patients Go Fishing…for Mucus
By William L. Miller, OD, MS, PhD, FAAO

    1. McCulley JP, Moore MB, Matoba AY. Mucus fishing syndrome. Ophthalmology. 1985 Sep;92:1262-1265.

    2. Slagle WS, Slagle AM, Brough GH. Mucus fishing syndrome: case report and new treatment option. Optometry. 2001 Oct;72:634-640.

    3. Pokroy R, Marcovich A. Self-inflicted (factitious) conjunctivitis. Ophthalmology. 2003 Apr;110:790-795.

    4. Kaçmaz RO, Kempen JH, Newcomb C, Daniel E, Gangaputra S, Nussenblatt RB, Rosenbaum JT, Suhler EB, Thorne JE, Jabs DA, Levy-Clarke GA, Foster CS. Cyclosporine for ocular inflammatory diseases. Ophthalmology. 2010 Mar;117:576-584.

    5. Roberts S, O'Connor K, Bélanger C. Emotion regulation and other psychological models for body-focused repetitive behaviors. Clin Psychol Rev. 2013 Aug;33:745-762.

(p. 72) Contact Lens Case Reports – Scleral Shape 360° Around
By Patrick J. Caroline, FAAO, & Mark P. André, FAAO

    1. Morrison S, Ritzmann M, Caroine P, Kinoshita B, Lampa M, Kojima R. Sagittal Height and Scleral Toricity in 30 Normal Eyes Measured by Three Techniques. Poster presented at the 2016 Global Specialty Lens Symposium. January 2016.