Contact Lens Spectrum


October 2017

Document #263

(p. 12) Research Review – Multifocal Lenses and Myopia Progression
By S. Barry Eiden, OD

  1. Kempen JH, Mitchell P, Lee KE, et al. The prevalence of refractive errors among adults in the United States, Western Europe, and Australia. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004 Apr;122:495-505.
  2. Vitale S, Sperduto RD, Ferris FL, 3rd. Increased prevalence of myopia in the United States between 1971-1972 and 1999-2004. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Dec;127:1632-1639.
  3. Lin LL, Shih YF, Hsiao CK, Chen CJ. Prevalence of myopia in Taiwanese schoolchildren: 1983 to 2000. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2004 Jan;33:27-33.
  4. Lam CS, Goldschmidt E, Edwards MH. Prevalence of myopia in local and international schools in Hong Kong. Optom Vis Sci. 2004 May;81:317-322.
  5. Holden BA, Fricke TR, Wilson DA, et al. Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050. Ophthalmology. 2016 May;123:1036-1042.
  6. Saw SM, Gazzard G, Shih-Yen EC, Chua WH. Myopia and associated pathological complications. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2005 Sep;25:381-391.
  7. Kandel H, Khadka J, Goggin M, Pesudovs K. Impact of refractive error on quality of life: a qualitative study. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2017 Mar 31 [Epub ahead of print].
  8. Brennan NA. Predicted reduction in high myopia for various degrees of myopia control. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2012 Dec;35(Suppl):e14-e15.
  9. Smith EL 3rd, Hung LF, Huang J, Arumugam B. Effects of local myopic defocus on refractive development in monkeys. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Nov;90:1176-1186.
  10. Walline JJ, Greiner KL, McVey ME, Jones-Jordan LA. Multifocal contact lens myopia control. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Nov;90:1207-1214.
  11. Lam CS, Tang WC, Tse DY, Tang YY, To CH. Defocus Incorporated Soft Contact (DISC) lens slows myopia progression in Hong Kong Chinese schoolchildren: a 2-year randomised clinical trial. Br J Ophthalmol. 2014 Jan;98:40-45.
  12. Efficacy and Safety of MiSight ® Contact Lenses in Reducing the Progression of Childhood Myopia. Identifier: NCT01917110.
  13. Walline JJ, Gaume Giannoni A, Sinnott LT, et al. A Randomized Trial of Soft Multifocal Contact Lenses for Myopia Control: Baseline Data and Methods. Optom Vis Sci. 2017 Sep;94:856-866.

(p. 15) Prescribing for Presbyopia – What Are You Waiting For?
By Douglas P. Benoit, OD

  1. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2016. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2017 Jan;32:22-25, 27, 29, 55.

(p. 16) GP Insights – Managing Symptomatic Dry Eye Wearers, Part 2
By Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd; Roxanna Potter, OD; Melanie Frogozo, OD; Melissa Barnett, OD; & Karen Lee, OD

  1. Musset A, Stone J. Contact Lens Design Tables. London: Butterworths; 1981:1-12.
  2. Henry VA, Bennett ES, Forrest JF. Clinical investigation of the Paraperm EW rigid gas-permeable contact lens. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1987 May;64:313-320.
  3. Azhar J, Bennett ES, Castellano CF. Corneal Desiccation in Today’s GP Lens Wearers. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Oct;30:15.

(p. 17) Contact Lens Design & Materials – Why GP Lenses
By Ronald K. Watanabe, OD

  1. Nichols J. Contact Lenses 2016. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2017 Jan ;32:22-25, 27, 29, 55.
  2. Huang J, Wen D, Wang Q, et al. Efficacy Comparison of 16 Interventions for Myopia Control in Children: A Network Meta-analylsis. Ophthalmology. 2016 Apr;123:697-708.
  3. Walline JJ. Myopia Control: A Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 Jan;42:3-8.

(p. 18) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Dry Eye Disease: A New Generation
By William Townsend, OD

  1. Domingues-Montanari S. Clinical and psychological effects of excessive screen time on children. J Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Apr;53:333-338.
  2. Dube N, Khan K, Loehr S, Chu Y, Veugelers P. The use of entertainment and communication technologies before sleep could affect sleep and weight status: a population-based study among children. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017 Jul 19;14:97.
  3. Mizoguchi T, Arita R, Fukuoka S, Morishige N. Morphology and Function of Meibomian Glands and Other Tear Film Parameters in Junior High School Students. Cornea. 2017 Aug;36:922-926.
  4. Moon JH, Kim KW, Moon NJ. Smartphone use is a risk factor for pediatric dry eye disease according to region and age: a case control study. BMC Ophthalmol. 2016 Oct 28;16:188.
  5. Chu CA, Rosenfield M, Portello JK. Blink patterns: reading from a computer screen versus hard copy. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Mar;91:297-302
  6. McMonnies CW. Blink Efficiency: A Neglected Area Of Ocular Surface Disease Management? Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 June 23;52:4484.
  7. Korb DR, Herman JP, Exford JM et al. Tear film lipid layer thickness as a function of blinking. Cornea. 1994 Jul;13:354-359.
  8. American Academy of Pediatrics. American Academy of Pediatrics Announces New Recommendations for Children’s Media Use. 2016 Oct 21. Available at . Accessed on September 18, 2017.

(p. 19) Hybrid How-To – Vaulting Considerations with Hybrid Contact Lenses
By Stephanie Ramdass, OD, MS

  1. Montani G. Evaluation of Settling Behaviour of UltraHealth Hybrid Contact Lenses Fitted on Keratoconic Eyes. Scientific Poster presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, January 2017.

(p. 47) Practice Pearls – Offer Innovation
By Jason R. Miller, OD, MBA

  1. The Vision Council. Digital Eye Strain. Available at , accessed on July 3, 2017.

(p. 50) Pediatric and Teen CL Care – GP Lenses for High Astigmatism in Children
By Melanie Frogozo, OD

  1. Bennett ES, Layfield KA, Lam D, Henry VA. Correction of Astigmatism. In ES Bennet, VA Henry (eds), Clinical Manual of Contact Lenses, 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

(p. 51) Prescribing for Astigmatism – No More Hesitation with Mini-Scleral Lenses
By Brooke Messer, OD

  1. Nau C, Harthan J, Shorter E, et al. Demographic Characteristics and Prescribing Patterns of Scleral Lens Fitters: The SCOPE Study. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Jun 14. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. Vincent SJ, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins MJ. The temporal dynamics of miniscleral contact lenses: Central corneal clearance and centration. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2017 Jul 14. [Epub ahead of print]
  3. Caroline P, André M. Scleral Lens Settling. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2012 May;27:56.
  4. Bray C, Britton S, Yeung D, Haines L, Sorbara L. Change in over-refraction after scleral lens settling on average corneas. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2017 Jul;37:467-472.