Contact Lens Spectrum


Special 13th Edition, publishing in late November 2017

Document #SE2017

(p. 6) RESEARCH REVIEW: Microbial keratitis and specialty contact lens wear
By S. Barry Eiden, OD

  1. Schein OD, Glynn RJ, Poggio EC, Seddon JM, Kenyon KR. The relative risk of ulcerative keratitis among users of daily-wear and extended-wear soft contact lenses. A case-control study. Microbial Keratitis Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1989 Sep 21;321:773-778.
  2. Liesegang TJ. Contact lens-related microbial keratitis: Part I: Epidemiology. Cornea. 1997 Mar;16:125-131.
  3. Cheng KH, Leung SL, Hoekman HW, et al. Incidence of contact-lens-associated microbial keratitis and its related morbidity. Lancet. 1999 Jul 17;354:181-185.
  4. Stapleton F, Keay L, Edwards K, et al. The incidence of contact lens-related microbial keratitis in Australia. Ophthalmology. 2008 Oct;115:1655-1662.
  5. Schein OD, McNally JJ, Katz J, et al. The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30-day silicone hydrogel extended-wear contact lens. Ophthalmology. 2005 Dec;112:2172-2179.
  6. Efron N, Morgan PB. Impact of differences in diagnostic criteria when determining the incidence of contact lens-associated keratitis. Optom Vis Sci. 2006 Mar;83:152-159.
  7. Szczotka-Flynn L, Ahmadian R, Diaz M. A re-evaluation of the risk of microbial keratitis from overnight contact lens wear compared with other life risks. Eye Contact Lens. 2009 Mar;35:69-75.
  8. Albright RA, Venuti BD, Ichijima H, Nyunt AK, Cavanagh HD. Postmarket surveillance of Menicon Z rigid gas-permeable contact lenses for up to 30 days continuous wear in the United States. Eye Contact Lens. 2010 Sep;36:241-244.
  9. Severinsky B, Behrman S, Frucht-Pery J, Solomon A. Scleral contact lenses for visual rehabilitation after penetrating keratoplasty: long term outcomes. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014 Jun;37:196-202.
  10. Ciralsky JB, Chapman KO, Rosenblatt MI, et al. Treatment of Refractory Persistent Corneal Epithelial Defects: A Standardized Approach Using Continuous Wear PROSE Therapy. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2015 Jun;23:219-224.

(p. 13) DRY EYE DX & TX: Contact Lenses for Ocular Surface Disease
By Amber Gaume Giannoni, OD

  1. Lemp MA, Bauduoin C, Baum J, et al. The definition and classification of dry eye disease: report of the Definition and Classification Subcommittee of the International Dry Eye WorkShop (2007). Ocul Surf. 2007;5:75-92.
  2. Lemp MA. Advances in understanding and managing dry eye disease. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Sep;146:350-356.
  3. García-Porta N, Rico-Del-Viejo L, Martin-Gil A, Carracedo G, Pintor J, González-Méijome JM.. Differences in Dry Eye Questionnaire Symptoms in Two Different Modalities of Contact Lens Wear: Silicone-Hydrogel in Daily Wear Basis and Overnight Orthokeratology. Biomed Res Int. 2016;2016:1242845.
  4. Carracedo G, Martin-Gil A, Fonseca B, Pintor J. Effect of overnight orthokeratology on conjunctival goblet cells. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016 Aug;39:266-269.
  5. Rosenthal P, Cotter JM, Baum J. Treatment of persistent corneal epithelial defect with extended wear of a fluid-ventilated gas-permeable scleral contact lens. Am J Ophthalmol. 2000 Jul;130:33-41.
  6. Schornack MM, Baratz KH, Patel SV, Maguire LJ. Jupiter scleral lenses in the management of chronic graft versus host disease. Eye Contact Lens. 2008 Nov;34:302-305.
  7. Chauhan A, Radke CJ. Dispersive mixing in the posterior tear film under a soft contact lens. Ind Eng Chem Res. 2001;40:3015-3026.
  8. Li CC, Chauhan A. Modeling ophthalmic drug delivery by soaked contact lenses. Ind Eng Chem Res. 2006;45:3718-3734.

(p. 14) CUSTOM SOFT: Are We Too General When It Comes to Soft Lens Fitting?
By Stephanie Ramdass, OD

  1. Young G. Ocular Sagittal Height and Soft Contact Lens Fit. J Brit Cont Lens Assoc. 1992;15:45-49.
  2. van der Warp E. Reviving the Art of Soft Lens Fitting. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2013 Sept;28: 44-55.

(p. 15) CARE & COMPLIANCE: Top Three Tips for Caring for Specialty Contact Lenses
By Andrew D. Pucker, OD, PhD

  1. Harthan J, Nau CB, Barr J, et al. Scleral Lens Prescription and Management Practices: The SCOPE Study. Eye Contact Lens. 2017.
  2. Zimmerman AB, Marks A. Microbial keratitis secondary to unintended poor compliance with scleral gas-permeable contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2014;40:e1-4.
  3. Robertson DM, Cavanagh HD. Non-compliance with contact lens wear and care practices: a comparative analysis. Optom Vis Sci. 2011;88:1402-1408.
  4. Walker MK, Bergmanson JP, Miller WL, Marsack JD, Johnson LA. Complications and fitting challenges associated with scleral contact lenses: A review. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016;39:88-96.
  5. Wu YT, Zhu H, Harmis NY, Iskandar SY, Willcox M, Stapleton F. Profile and frequency of microbial contamination of contact lens cases. Optom Vis Sci. 2010;87:E152-158.
  6. Panthi S, Paudel P, Chaudhary M, Sapkota K, Shah DN. Microbial contamination of contact lens care accessories and compliance with care regimens in Nepal. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014;37:2-10.
  7. Stapleton F, Edwards K, Keay L, et al. Risk factors for moderate and severe microbial keratitis in daily wear contact lens users. Ophthalmology. 2012;119:1516-1521.
  8. Logan AK, Perrigin P. Microbial growth after cleaning scleral DMV devices. Poster presented at the 2017 Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, Jan. 26-28, 2017.
  9. Choo J, Vuu K, Bergenske P, Burnham K, Smythe J, Caroline P. Bacterial populations on silicone hydrogel and hydrogel contact lenses after swimming in a chlorinated pool. Optom Vis Sci. 2005;82:134-137.
  10. Vesaluoma M, Kalso S, Jokipii L, Warhurst D, Ponka A, Tervo T. Microbiological quality in Finnish public swimming pools and whirlpools with special reference to free living amoebae: a risk factor for contact lens wearers? Br J Ophthalmol. 1995;79:178-181.
  11. Sweeney DF, Willcox MD, Sansey N, et al. Incidence of contamination of preserved saline solutions during normal use. CLAO J. 1999;25:167-175.
  12. Pucker AD, Ng SM, Nichols JJ. Over the counter (OTC) artificial tear drops for dry eye syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;2:CD009729.
  13. Davidson SI, Akingbehin T. Compliance in ophthalmology. Trans Ophthalmol Soc U K. 1980;100:286-290.
  14. Nichols JJ. 2016 Annual Report: Contact Lenses 2016. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2017;32:22-25, 27, 29, 55.
  15. Boost MV, Cho P. Microbial flora of tears of orthokeratology patients, and microbial contamination of contact lenses and contact lens accessories. Optom Vis Sci. 2005;82:451-458.
  16. Cho P, Boost M, Cheng R. Non-compliance and microbial contamination in orthokeratology. Optom Vis Sci. 2009;86:1227-1234.
  17. Moore JW, Stanitski CL, Jurs PC. Chemistry: the molecular science. 1st ed. Pacific Grove, CA: BrooksCole/Thompson Learning; 2002.

(p. 66) PEDIATRIC & TEEN: Myopia Control
By Melanie Frogozo, OD

  1. Holden BA, Fricke TR, Wilson DA, et al. Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050. Ophthalmology. 2016 May;123:1036-1042.
  2. Wu PC, Huang HM, Yu HJ, Fang PC, Chen CT. Epidemiology of Myopia. Aisa Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila). 2016 Nov/Dec;5:386-393.
  3. Cho BJ, Shin JY, Yu HG. Complications of Pathologic Myopia. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 Jan;42:9-15.
  4. Walline JJ. Myopia Control: A Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 Jan;42:3-8.
  5. Rinehart J. Orthokeratology in Manual of Contact Lens Prescribing and Fitting Third Edition, Hom MM and Bruce AS, eds. Elsevier, St Louis. 2006:637-686.
  6. Liu M. Myopia Control Clinic at UC Berkeley Eye Center. Presented at the Vision By Design 2017 Annual Meeting. The American Academy of Orhtokeratology and Myopia Control. Dallas, Apr. 5 - Apr. 9.

(p. 69) PRESCRIBING FOR ASTIGMATISM: Residual Astigmatism With Scleral Lenses
By Elaine Chen, OD, & Timothy Edrington, OD, MS

  1. Bandlitz S, Bäumer J, Conrad U, Wolffsohn J. Scleral topography analysed by optical coherence tomography. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2017 Aug;40:242-247.

(p. 70) CASE REPORTS: Customized Scleral Fitting Post-PTK and Corneal Rings
By Luciano Bastos

  1. Girard LJ, Soper JW, Gunn C. Corneal and Scleral Contact Lenses. Proceedings of the International Congress. St. Louis: Mosby, 1967.
  2. Cochet P, Amiard H. Contact Lens International Clinics. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969.
  3. Jenkin L, Tyler-Jones R. Theory and Practice of Contact Lens Fitting: Hatton Press, 1969.
  4. Girard LJ, Soper JW, Sampson WG. Corneal Contact Lenses. St. Louis: Mosby Co., 1970.
  5. Black CJ, Rosenthal P, Kaufman HE et al. Symposium on Contact Lenses. Transactions – New Orleans Academy of Opthalmology. St Louis: Mosby, 1973.
  6. Pena A, Bastos S, et al. Clínica de Lentes de Contato. Cultura Médica. 1989;69-79.
  7. Schein OD, Rosenthal P, Ducharme C. A Gas-Permeable Scleral Lens for visual rehabilitation. Am J Ophthalmol. 1990 Mar 15;109:318-322.
  8. Romero-Rangel T, Stavrou P, Cotter J, Rosenthal P, Baltatzis S, Foster CS. Gas Permeable scleral contact lens Therapy in Ocular Surface Desease. Am J Ophthalmol. 2000 Jul;130:25-32.
  9. Rosenthal P, Cotter JM, Baum J. Treatment of Persistent Epithelial Defect with extended wear of a fluid-ventilated gas permeable scleral contact lens. Am J Opthalmol. 2000 Jul;130:33-41.
  10. Rosenthal P, Cotter JM. The Boston Ocular Surface Prosthesis in the management of the Severe Ocular Surface Disease. In: Foulks G. (ed.) Ophthalm Clin A Am. 2003;16:89-93.
  11. Cvintal T, Munarin MAM, Moro F. Complicações do Transplante de Córnea. São Paulo, Santos, 2004.
  12. Philips AJ, Speedwell L, Morris J. Contact Lenses – 5th ed. Ed Butterworth Heinmann Elsevier, 2007.
  13. Banta JT. Ocular Trauma – Bascon Plamer Eye Institute. Miami, FL – Saunders Elsevier, 2007.
  14. Duker JS, Macsal MS, Fontes BM. Anterior Segment – Rapid Diagnosis in Ophthalmology, St. Louis, Mosby Elsevier, 2008.
  15. Bowden TJ. Contact Lenses: The Story – Cornwall, UK. London: Bower House, 2009.
  16. Godinho C, Dantas B, Sobrinho al. O Padrão CG em Lentes de Contato. Bastos, L. Cultura Médica. 2010;301-313.
  17. Denaeyer GW. GP Insights: Designing Lenses to Work Around Scleral Obstacles. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2012 Aug;27:17.
  18. van der Worp E. A Guide to Scleral Lens Fitting. Scleral Lens Education Society; 2010.
  19. Barnett M. Fix The Fog. Scleral Lens Monthly, Contact Lens Spectrum. June 2017. Available at . Last accessed Oct. 30, 2017.