Contact Lens Spectrum


July 2017

Document #260

(p. 11) Editor’s Perspective – Dry Eye Can Be Such a Pain
By Jason J. Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD

  1. Merck Manual. Available at . Accessed Jun. 13, 2017.

(p. 12) Research Review – Complications with Scleral Lens Wear
By Maria Markoulli, PhD, GradCertOcTher

  1. Bergmanson JPG, Barnett M, Naroo SA. Scleral gas permeable lenses have come of age. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2016 Aug;39:247-248.
  2. Scleral Lens Education Society. Scleral Lens Nomencalture. 2013 June. Available at . Accessed May 31, 2017.
  3. Tan DTH, Pullum KW, Buckley RJ. Medical applications of scleral contact lenses: 1. A retrospective analysis of 343 cases. Cornea. 1995 Mar;14: 121-129.
  4. de Luis Eguileor B, Etxebarria Ecenarro J, Santamaria Carro A, Feijoo Lera R. Irregular Corneas: Improve Visual Function With Scleral Contact Lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 Oct 20. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Pullum KW, Buckley RJ. A study of 530 patients referred for rigid gas permeable scleral contact lens assessment. Cornea. 1997 Nov;16:612-622.
  6. Weber SL, de Souza RB, Gomes JÁ, Hofling-Lima AL. The Use of the Esclera Scleral Contact Lens in the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Dry Eye Disease. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 Mar;163: 167-173.e1.
  7. Schornack MM, Pyle J, Patel SV. Scleral Lenses in the Management of Ocular Surface Disease. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jul;121;1398-1405.
  8. Harthan JS. Therapeutic use of mini-scleral lenses in a patient with Graves’ ophthalmopathy. J Optom. 2014 Jan-Mar;7,:62-66.
  9. Laballe R, Vigne J, Denion E, Lemaitre F, Goux D, Pisella PJ. Preclinical assessment of scleral lens as a reservoir-based ocular therapeutic system. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2016 Oct;39:394-396.
  10. Barnett M, Lien V, Li JY, Durbin-Johnson B, Mannis MJ. Use of Scleral Lenses and Miniscleral Lenses After Penetrating Keratoplasty. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 May;42:185-189.
  11. Harthan J, Nau CB, Barr J, Nau A, Shorter E, Chimato NT, Hodge DO, Schornack MM. Scleral Lens Prescription and Management Practices: The SCOPE Study. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Apr 6. [Epub ahead of print]
  12. Walker MK, Bergmanson JP, Miller WL, Marsack JD, Johnson LA. Complications and fitting challenges associated with scleral contact lenses: A review. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016 Apr;39:88-96.
  13. Asena L, Altınörs DD. Clinical outcomes of scleral Misa lenses for visual rehabilitation in patients with pellucid marginal degeneration. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2016 Dec;39:420-424.
  14. Nixon AD, Barr JT, VanNasdale DA. Corneal epithelial bullae after short-term wear of small diameter scleral lenses. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2017 Apr;40:116-126.
  15. Rosenthal P, Croteau A. Fluid-ventilated, gas-permeable scleral contact lens is an effective option for managing severe ocular surface disease and many corneal disorders that would otherwise require penetrating keratoplasty. Eye Contact Lens. 2005 May;31:130-134.
  16. Carracedo G, Blanco MS, Martin-Gil A, Zicheng W, Alvarez JC, Pintor J. Short-term Effect of Scleral Lens on the Dry Eye Biomarkers in Keratoconus. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Feb;93:150-157.
  17. Weber SP, Hazarbassanov RM, Nasaré A, Gomes JÁ, Hofling-Lima AL. Conjunctival impression cytology evaluation of patients with dry eye disease using scleral contact lenses. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2017 Jan 6. [Epub ahead of print]
  18. Carracedo G, Wang Z, Serramito-Blanco M, Martin-Gil A, Carballo-Alvarez J, Pintor J. Ocular Surface Temperature During Scleral Lens Wearing in Patients With Keratoconus. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 May 19. [Epub ahead of print]
  19. Jaynes JM, Edrington TB, Weissman BA. Predicting scleral GP lens entrapped tear layer oxygen tensions. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2015 Feb;38:44-47.
  20. Wang Y, Kornberg DL, St Clair RM, Lee M, Muhic I, Ciralsky JB, Alzaga Fernandez A, Sood P, Sippel KC, Rosenblatt MI. Corneal Nerve Structure and Function After Long-Term Wear of Fluid-Filled Scleral Lens. Cornea. 2015 Apr;34:427-432.
  21. Nau CB, Schornack MM. Region-Specific Changes in Postlens Fluid Reservoir Depth Beneath Small-Diameter Scleral Lenses Over 2 Hours. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Mar 21. [Epub ahead of print]
  22. Alonso-Caneiro D, Vincent SJ, Collins MJ. Morphological changes in the conjunctiva, episclera and sclera following short-term miniscleral contact lens wear in rigid lens neophytes. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2016 Feb;39:53-61.
  23. McMonnies CW. A hypothesis that scleral contact lenses could elevate intraocular pressure. Clin Exp Optom. 2016 Nov;99:594-596.
  24. Vincent SJ, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins MJ. Evidence on scleral contact lenses and intraocular pressure. Clin Exp Optom. 2017 Jan;100:87-88.
  25. Pearson RM. Re: A hypothesis that scleral contact lenses could elevate intraocular pressure. Clin Exp Opto. 2007 Jan;100:103-104.
  26. Vincent SJ, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins MJ, Beanland A, Lam L, Lim CC, Loke A, Nguyen N. Hypoxic Corneal Changes following Eight Hours of Scleral Contact Lens Wear. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Mar;93:293-299.
  27. Nau CB, Schornack MM, McLaren JW, Sit AJ. Intraocular Pressure After 2 Hours of Small-Diameter Scleral Lens Wear. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 Nov;42:350-353.
  28. Bergmanson JP, Walker MK, Johnson LA. Assessing Scleral Contact Lens Satisfaction in a Keratoconus Population. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Aug;93:855-860.

(p. 15) Prescribing for Presbyopia – Scleral Lenses for Dry Eye Syndrom and Presbyopia
By Craig W. Norman

  1. Foster CS. Dry Eye Syndrome (Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca) Available at . Accessed on June 15, 2017.
  2. The epidemiology of dry eye disease: report of the Epidemiology Subcommittee of the International Dry Eye WorkShop (2007). Ocul Surf. 2007 Apr;5:93-107.
  3. Tear Film & Ocular Society. TFOS DEWS II™ Report Announced. 2017 May 8. Available at . Accessed on June 15, 2016.

(p. 16) GP Insights – Managing Symptomatic Dry Eye GP Wearers, Part 1
By Edward S. Bennett, OD, MSEd; Thomas Arnold, OD; Melanie Frogozo, OD; Karen Lee, OD; & Melissa Barnett, OD

  1. Gangamma MP, Poonam, Rajagopala M. A clinical study on “Computer vision syndrome” and its management with Triphala eye drops and Saptamrita Lauha. Ayu. 2010 Apr;31:236-239.

(p. 19) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Flying the Not-So-Friendly Dry Eye Skies
By William Townsend, OD

  1. Bureau of Transportation. 2016 Annual and December U.S. Airline Traffic Data-Press Release Number: BTS 13-17. 2017 Mar 16. Available at .
  2. Federal Aviation Administration. Air Traffic By The Numbers. 2016 Mar 15. Available at .
  3. Gładyszewska-Fiedoruk K. Indoor air quality in the cabin of an airliner. J Air Transport Management. 2012 May;20:28-30.
  4. McCarty DJ, McCarty CA. Survey of dry eye symptoms in Australian pilots. Clin Exp Opthalmol. 2000 Jun;28:169-171.
  5. Tesón M, Gonzalez-Garcıa M, López-Miguel A. et al. Influence of a controlled environment simulating an in-flight airplane cabin on dry eye disease. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Mar 1;54:2093-2099.
  6. Guehenneux S, Gardinier S, Morizot F, et al. Skin surface hydration decreases rapidly during long distance flights. Skin Res Technol. 2012 May;18:238-240.
  7. The Tear Film & Ocular Society (TFOS). TFOS DEWS II™Report Announced! 2017 May 8. Available at . Accessed Jun 26, 2017.
  8. Stevenson W, Chauhan SK, PhD, Dana R, et al. Dry eye disease: an immune-mediated ocular surface disorder. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012 Jan;130:90-100.

(p. 21) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Combating Demodex-Related Contact Lens Intolerance
By Andrew D. Pucker, OD, PhD

  1. Jones L, Brennan NA, González-Méijome J, Lally J, Maldonado-Codina C, Schmidt TA, Subbaraman L, Young G, Nichols JJ, members of the TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: report of the contact lens materials, design, and care subcommittee. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS37-TFOS70.
  2. Nichols JJ, Willcox MD, Bron AJ, Belmonte C, Ciolino JB, Craig JP, Dogru M, Foulks GN, Jones L, Nelson JD, Nichols KK, Purslow C, Schaumberg DA, Stapleton F, Sullivan DA; members of the TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: executive summary. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct;54:TFOS7-TFOS13.
  3. Jalbert I, Rejab S. Increased numbers of Demodex in contact lens wearers. Optom Vis Sci. 2015 Jun;92:671-678.
  4. Koo H, Kim TH, Kim KW, Wee SW, Chun YS, Kim JC. Ocular surface discomfort and Demodex: effect of tea tree oil eyelid scrub in Demodex blepharitis. J Korean Med Sci. 2012 Dec;27:1574-1579.
  5. Tarkowski W, Moneta-Wielgoś J, Młocicki D. Demodex sp. as a Potential Cause of the Abandonment of Soft Contact Lenses by Their Existing Users. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:259109.
  6. Kabataş N, Doğan AŞ, Kabataş EU, Acar M, Biçer T, Gürdal C. The Effect of Demodex Infestation on Blepharitis and the Ocular Symptoms. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Jan;43:64-67.
  7. Wesolowska M, Knysz B, Reich A, Blazejewska D, Czarnecki M, Gladysz A, Pozowski A, Misiuk-Hojlo M. Prevalence of Demodex spp. in eyelash follicles in different populations. Arch Med Sci. 2014 May 12;10:319-324.
  8. Guillon M, Maissa C, Wong S. Symptomatic relief associated with eyelid hygiene in anterior blepharitis and MGD. Eye Contact Lens. 2012 Sep;38:306-312.

(p. 43) Contact Lens Practice Pearls – Patient Happiness Is Overrated
By David L. Kading, OD

  1. Nichols JJ. Contact Lenses 2014. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2015 Jan;30:22-27.

(p. 44) Orthokeratology Today – Eyes Too Dry for Contact Lenses? Prescribe Ortho-k
By Michael J. Lipson, OD

  1. García-Porta N, Rico-del-Viejo L, Martin-Gil A, et al. Differences in Dry Eye Questionnaire Symptoms in Two Different Modalities of Contact Lens Wear: Silicone-Hydrogel in Daily Wear Basis and Overnight Orthokeratology. Biomed Res. Int. 2016;2016:1242825.
  2. Carracedo G, Martin-Gil A, Fonseca B, Pintor J. Effect Of Overnight Orthokeratology On Conjunctival Goblet Cells. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016 Aug;39:266-269.
  3. Lipson MJ, Sugar A, Musch DC. Overnight Corneal Reshaping Versus Soft Disposable Contact Lenses: Vision-Related Quality-Of-Life Differences From A Randomized Clinical Trial. Optom Vis Sci. 2005 Oct;82:886-891.
  4. Berntsen DA, Mitchell GL, Barr JT. The Effect of Overnight Contact Lens Corneal Reshaping on Refractive Error-Specific Quality of Life. Optom Vis Sci. 2006 Jun;83:354-359.
  5. Hiraoka T, Okamoto C, Ishii Y, et al. Patient Satisfaction and Clinical Outcomes After Overnight Orthokeratology. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Jul;86:875-882.
  6. Liu G, Chen Z, Xue F, et al. Effects of Myopic Orthokeratology on Visual Performance and Optical Quality. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Mar 24. [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Berntsen DA, Barr JT, Mitchell GL. The Effect of Overnight Contact Lens Corneal Reshaping on Higher-Order Aberrations and Best-Corrected Visual Acuity. Optom Vis Sci. 2005 Jun;82:490-497.

(p. 46) The Scleral Lens Vault – Consider Scleral Lenses in Managing Sjögren’s
By Gregory W. DeNaeyer, OD

  1. Both T, Dalm V, Martin D, van Hagen M, et al. Reviewing primary Sjogren’s syndrome: beyond dryness- From pathophysiology to diagnosis and treatment. Int J Med Sci. 2017 Feb 23;14:191-200.
  2. Sjögren’s Syndrome Foundation website: . Accessed April 19 2017.
  3. Franceschini F, Cavazzana I, Andreoli L, Tincani A. The 2016 classification criteria for primary Sjögren’s syndrome: what’s new? BMC Med. 2017 Mar 31;15:69.

(p. 48) Treatment Plan – Take Advantage of Dry Eye Treatment Advancement
By Leo Semes, OD

  1. Schaumberg DA, Dana R, Buring JE, Sullivan DA. Prevalence of dry eye disease among US men: estimates from the Physicians' Health Studies. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Jun;127:763-8.
  2. Schaumberg DA, Sullivan DA, Buring JE, Dana MR. Prevalence of dry eye syndrome among US women. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003 Aug;136:318-26.
  3. (No authors listed) Lifitegrast (Xiidra) for dry eye disease. Med Lett Drugs Ther. 2016 Aug 29;58(1502):110-1. . Accessed April 20, 2017.
  4. . Accessed April 20, 2017.
  5. Abidi A, Shukla P, Ahmad A. Lifitegrast: A novel drug for treatment of dry eye disease. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2016 Oct-Dec;7:194-198.
  6. Pflugfelder SC, Stern M, Zhang S, Shojaei A. LFA-1/ICAM-1 Interaction as a Therapeutic Target in Dry Eye Disease. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2017 Jan/Feb;33:5-12.
  7. Holland EJ, Whitley WO, Sall K, et al. Lifitegrast clinical efficacy for treatment of signs and symptoms of dry eye disease across three randomized controlled trials. Curr Med Res Opin. 2016 Jul 22:1-7.
  8. Holland EJ, Luchs J, Karpecki PM, et al. Lifitegrast for the Treatment of Dry Eye Disease: Results of a Phase III, Randomized, Double-Masked, Placebo-Controlled Trial (OPUS-3). Ophthalmology. 2017 Jan;124:53-60.
  9. (No authors listed) Lifitegrast (Xiidra) for Dry Eye Disease. JAMA. 2017 Apr 11;317:1473-1474.

(p. 56) Contact Lens Case Reports – Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and the Ocular Surface
By Patrick J. Caroline & Mark P. André

  1. Batsuji-Garin S, Rzany B, Stern RS, Shear, NH, Naldi L, Roujeau, JC. Clinical classification of cases of toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and erythema multiforme. Arch Dermatol. 1993 Jan;129:92-96.