Contact Lens Spectrum


November 2018

Document #276

(p. 12) Refractive Focus – The Near Refractive State
By Kate Gifford, PhD, BAppSci(Optom)Hons

  1. Scheiman M, Mitchell GL, Cotter S, et al; Convergence Insufficiently Treatment Trial (CITT) Study Group. Accommodative insufficiency is the primary source of symptoms in children diagnosed with convergence insufficiency. Optom Vis Sci. 2006 Nov;83:857-858.
  2. Bennett AG, Rabbetts RB. Clinical Visual Optics, 2nd ed. London; Boston: Butterworths; 1989:529.
  3. Hunt OA, Wolffsohn JS, García-Resúa C. Ocular motor triad with single vision contact lenses compared to spectacle lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2006 Dec;29:239-245.
  4. Yang Z, Lan W, Ge J, et al. The effectiveness of progressive addition lenses on the progression of myopia in Chinese children. Ophthal Physiol Opt. 2009 Jan;29:41-48.
  5. Rouse M, Borsting E, Mitchell GL, et al; Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial (CITT) Investigator Group. Validity of the convergence insufficiency symptom survey: a confirmatory study. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Apr;86:357-363.
  6. Rueff EM, King-Smith PE, Bailey MD. Can Binocular Vision Disorders Contribute to Contact Lens Discomfort? Optom Vis Sci. 2015 Sep;92:e214-e221.
  7. Gwiazda J, Bauer J, Thorn F, Held R. A dynamic relationship between myopia and blur-driven accommodation in school-aged children. Vision Res. 1995 May;35:1299-1304.
  8. Charman WN. Near vision, lags of accommodation and myopia. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1999 Mar;19:126-133.
  9. Drobe B, de Saint-André R. The pre-myopic syndrome. Ophthal Physiol Opt. 1995 Sep;15:375-378.
  10. Gwiazda J, Thorn F, Held R. Accommodation, accommodative convergence, and response AC/A ratios before and at the onset of myopia in children. Optom Vis Sci. 2005 Apr;82:273-278.
  11. Mutti DO, Jones LA, Moeschberger ML, Zadnik K. AC/A Ratio, Age, and Refractive Error in Children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Aug;41:2469-2478.
  12. Tarrant J, Severson H, Wildsoet CF. Accommodation in emmetropic and myopic young adults wearing bifocal soft contact lenses. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2008 Jan;28:62-72.
  13. Aller TA, Liu M, Wildsoet CF. Myopia Control with Bifocal Contact Lenses: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Apr;93:344-352.
  14. Gong CR, Troilo D, Richdale K. Accommodation and Phoria in Children Wearing Multifocal Contact Lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2017 Mar;94:353-360.
  15. Kang P, Wildsoet CF. Acute and short-term changes in visual function with multifocal soft contact lens wear in young adults. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016 Apr;39:133-140.
  16. Gifford K, Gifford P, Hendicott PL, Schmid KL. Near binocular visual function in young adult orthokeratology versus soft contact lens wearers. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2017 Jun;40:184-189.
  17. Gifford K, Gifford P, Hendicott PL, Schmid KL. Binocular visual function in orthokeratology contact lens wear for myopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;58:ARVO E-Abstract 2683878.
  18. Tarrant J, Liu Y, Wildsoet CF. Orthokeratology Can Decrease the Accommodative Lag in Myopes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Apr;50:4294.
  19. Huang J, Wen D, Wang Q, et al. Efficacy Comparison of 16 Interventions for Myopia Control in Children: A Network Meta-analysis. Ophthalmology. 2016 Apr;123:697-708.
  20. Zhu M, Feng H, Zhu J, Qu X. [The impact of amplitude of accommodation on controlling the development of myopia in orthokeratology]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2014 Jan;50:14-19.
  21. Anstice NS, Phillips JR. Effect of Dual-Focus Soft Contact Lens Wear on Axial Myopia Progression in Children. Ophthalmology. 2011 Jun;118:1152-1161.
  22. Faria-Ribeiro M, Amorim-de-Sousa A, González-Méijome JM. Predicted accommodative response from image quality in young eyes fitted with different dual-focus designs. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2018 May;38:309-316.
  23. Sun Y, Xu F, Zhang T, et al. Orthokeratology to control myopia progression: a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 9;10:e0124535.
  24. Li SM, Kang MT, Wu SS, et al. Studies using concentric ring bifocal and peripheral add multifocal contact lenses to slow myopia progression in school-aged children: a meta-analysis. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2017 Jan;37:51-59.

(p. 14) Prescribing for Presbyopia – Improving Multifocal Efficiency
By Brooke Messer, OD

  1. Fernandez P, Amorim-de-Sousa A, Queirós A, et al. Light disturbance with multifocal contact lens and monovision for presbyopia. Cont Lens Ant Eye. 2018 Mar 22. [Epub ahead of print]

(p. 18) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Corneal Rehabilitation for a Neutrophic Cornea
By Sheila Morrison, OD, MS, & Amber Gaume Giannoni, OD

  1. Bonini S, Rama P, Olzi D, Lambiase A. Neurotrophic Keratitis. Eye(Lond). 2003 Nov;17:989-995.
  2. Sacchetti M, Lambiase A. Diagnosis and management of neurotrophic keratitis. Clin Ophtlamol. 2014 Mar 19;8:571-579.
  3. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. FDA approves first drug for neurotrophic keratitis, a rare eye disease. 2018 Aug 22. Available at . Accessed on Sep. 26, 2018.

(p. 19) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – Bacterial Species Associated with Microbial Keratitis
By Andrew D. Pucker, OD, PhD

  1. Stapleton F, Keay L, Edwards K, Holden B. The epidemiology of microbial keratitis with silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:79-85.
  2. Wagner H, Richdale K, Mitchell GL, et al; CLAY Study Group. Age, behavior, environment, and health factors in the soft contact lens risk survey. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Mar;91:252-261.
  3. Ehlers JP, Shah CP. The Wills Eye manual: office and emergency room diagnosis and treatment of eye disease, Fifth ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.
  4. Kanski JJ. Clinical ophthalmology: a systematic approach. 6th ed. Edinburgh ; New York: Butterworth-Heinemann/Elsevier; 2007;vii:931.
  5. Black JG. Microbiology: Principles and Explorations: 5th Ed. John Wiley & Son, Inc. 2002;1-762.
  6. Hauswirth SG, Mangan R. Combating Bacterial Keratitis. Rev Optom. 2016 Aug 15. Available at . Accessed on Sep. 25, 2018.
  7. Evans DJ, Fleiszig SM. Microbial keratitis: could contact lens material affect disease pathogenesis? Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:73-78.
  8. American Academy of Ophthalmology Cornea/External Disease PPP Panel. Bacterial Keratitis PPP - 2013. American Academy of Ophthalmology 2013. Available at: . Accessed on Sep. 25, 2018.
  9. Morgan PB, Efron N, Toshida H, Nichols JJ. An international analysis of contact lens compliance. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2011 Oct;34:223-228.

(p. 44) Orthokeratology Today – Your Patients Are Interested in Ortho-k—Just Ask!
By Michael J. Lipson, OD

  1. Queirós A1, Villa-Collar C, Gutiérrez AR, Jorge J, González-Méijome JM. Quality of life of myopic subjects with different methods of visual correction using the NEI RQL-42 Questionnaire. Eye Contact Lens. 2012 Mar;38:116-121.
  2. Hiraoka T, Okamoto C, Ishii Y, et al. Patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes after overnight orthokeratology. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Jul;86:875-882.
  3. Lipson MJ, Sugar A, Musch DC. Overnight corneal reshaping versus soft disposable contact lenses: vision-related quality-of-life differences from a randomized clinical trial. Optom Vis Sci. 2005 Oct;82:886-891.
  4. Cho P, Cheung SW. Retardation of myopia in orthokeratology (ROMIO) study: a 2-year randomized clinical trial. Invest Ophthal Vis Sci. 2012 Oct 11;53:7077-7085.
  5. Hiraoka T, Kakita T, Okamoto F, Takahashi H, and Oshika T. Long-term effect of overnight orthokeratology on axial length elongation in childhood myopia: a 5-year follow-up study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jun 22;53:3913-3919.
  6. Santodomingo-Rubido J, Villa-Collar C, Gilmartin B, and Gutiérrez-Ortega R. Myopia control with orthokeratology contact lenses in Spain: refractive and biometric changes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jul 31;53:5060-5065.
  7. Huang J, Wen D, Wang Q, et al. Efficacy comparison of 16 interventions for myopia control in children: A network meta-analysis. Ophthalmology 2016 Apr;123:697-708.
  8. Walline JJ, Lindsley K, Vedula SS, Cotter SA, Mutti DO, and Twelker JD. Interventions to slow progression of myopia in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Dec 7;(12):CD004916.

(p. 45) The Scleral Lens Vault – Replacing and Refitting Scleral Contact Lenses
By Gregory W. DeNaeyer, OD

  1. Consejo A, Behaegel J, Van Hoey M, Wolffsohn JS, Rozema JJ, Iskander DR. Anterior eye surface changes following miniscleral contact lens wear. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2018 Jul 3. [Epub ahead of print]