Contact Lens Spectrum


January 2020

Document #290

(p. 15) GP Insights – What Time Is the Right Time for Lenses After Surgery?
By Karen DeLoss, OD

  1. Weitharn BE, Driebe WT Jr. Fitting contact lenses for visual rehabilitation after penetrating keratoplasty. Eye Contact Lens. 2004 Jan;30:31-33.
  2. Verdier D. Penetrating Keratoplasty. In: Krachmer JH, Mannis MJ, Holland EJ, eds. Cornea, 3rd ed; Elsevier Health Sciences; 2010:1335-1344.
  3. Gruenauer-Kloevekorn C, Kloevekorn-Fischer U, Duncker GI. Contact lenses and special back surface design after penetrating keratoplasty to improve contact lens fit and visual outcome. Br J Ophthalmol. 2005 Dec;89:1601-1608.
  4. Chang C, DeLoss K. Contact Lenses After Corneal Transplantation. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2018 June;33:36-41, 51.
  5. Szczotka LB, Lindsay RG. Contact lens fitting following corneal graft surgery. Clin Exp Optom. 2003 Jul;86:244-249.
  6. Greenstein SA, Shah VP, Fry KL, Hersh PS. Corneal thickness changes after corneal collagen crosslinking for keratoconus and corneal ectasia: one-year results. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2011 Apr;37:691-700.
  7. Greenstein SA, Fry KL, Bhatt J, Hersh PS. Natural history of corneal haze after collagen crosslinking for keratoconus and corneal ectasia: Scheimpflug and biomicroscopic analysis. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2010 Dec;36:2105-2114.
  8. Caporossi A, Mazzotta C, Baiocchi S, Caporossi T. Long-term results of riboflavin ultraviolet a corneal collagen cross-linking for keratoconus in Italy: the Siena eye cross study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 Apr;149:585-593.
  9. Hersh PS, Stulting RD, Muller D, Durrie DS, Rajpal RK; Unites States Crosslinking Study Group. United States Multicenter Clinical Trial of Corneal Collagen Crosslinking for Keratoconus Treatment. Ophthalmology. 2017 Sep;124:1259-1270.

(p. 16) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Light Up? Smoking and Dry Eye Disease
By William Townsend, OD

  1. Moss SE, Klein R, Klein BE. Prevalence of and risk factors for dry eye syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000 Sep;118:1264-1268.
  2. Chan SM. Svitova TF, Lin MC. Accounting for Ethnicity-Related Differences in Ocular Surface Integrity as a Step Toward Understanding Contact Lens Discomfort. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Jan;43:23-31.
  3. Jaiswal S, Asper L, Long J, Lee A, Harrison K, Golebiowski B. Ocular and visual discomfort associated with smartphones, tablets and computers: what we do and do not know. Clin Exp Optom. 2019 Sep;102:463-477.
  4. Darden M, Gilleskie DB, Strumpf K. Smoking and Mortality: New Evidence from a Long Panel. Int Econ Rev (Philadelphia). 2018 August;59:1571-1619.
  5. Zhang N, Han B, Zhao RJ, et al. Source profile and excess cancer risk evaluation of environmental tobacco smoking under real conditions, China. Atmospheric Pollution Research. 2019 Nov;10:1994-1999.
  6. Aktaş S, Tetikoğlu M, Koçak A, et al. Impact of Smoking on the Ocular Surface, Tear Function, and Tear Osmolarity. Curr Eye Res. 2017 Dec;42:1585-1589.
  7. Wang S, Zhao H, Huang C, et al. Impact of Chronic Smoking on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction. PLoS One. 2016 Dec 28;11:e0168763.
  8. Myers CE, Klein BE, Gangnon R, Sivakumaran TA, Iyengar SK, Klein R. Cigarette Smoking and the natural history of age-related macular degeneration: the Beaver Dam Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2014 Oct:121:1949-1955.
  9. Jha P, Ramasundarahettige C, Landsman V, et al. 21st-century hazards of smoking and benefits of cessation in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jan 24;368:341-350.

(p. 17) Contact Lens Care & Compliance – In-Office Contact Lens Disinfection
By Melissa Barnett, OD

  1. The American Optometric Association’s (AOA) Contact Lens & Cornea Section and The American Academy of Optometry’s (AAO) Section on Cornea, Contact Lenses and Refractive Technologies. Guidelines for Handling of Multi-Patient Contact Lenses in the Clinical Setting. October 2019. In process for publication.

(p. 33) Taking the Mystery Out of Scleral Lenses: Patient Selection, Instrumentation, Fitting Techniques, and Follow-Up
By Daddi Fadel, DOptom, FSLS, FBCLA

  1. Fadel D, Kramer E. Potential contraindications to scleral lens wear. Contact Lens Anterior Eye. 2019 Feb;42:92-103.
  2. Ezekiel D. Gas permeable haptic lenses. J Br Contact Lens Assoc. 1983 Oct;6:158–161.
  3. Schein OD, Rosenthal P, Ducharme C. A gas-permeable scleral contact lens for visual rehabilitation. Am J Ophthalmol. 1990 Mar;109:318–322.
  4. Jones L, Downie LE, Korb D, et al. TFOS DEWS II management and therapy report. Ocul Surf. 2017 Jul;15:575–628.
  5. Kornberg D, Dou E, Wang Y, et al. Clinical experience with prose fitting: significance of diagnosis and age. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 Mar;42:124–128.
  6. O’Donnell C, Efron N. Corneal endothelial cell morphometry and corneal thickness in diabetic contact lens wearers. Optom Vis Sci. 2004 Nov;81:858–862.
  7. Klyce SD, Beuerman RW, et al. Structure and function of the cornea, In H.E. Kaufmann, B.A. Barron, M.B. McDonald (Eds.), The cornea, Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1988.
  8. Harthan JS, Shorter E. Therapeutic uses of scleral contact lenses for ocular surface disease: patient selection and special considerations. Clin Optom. 2018 Jul 11;10:65-74.
  9. Velasquez H. Lentes esclerales: haciendo facil lo complejo, lente de prueba inicial y apticas toricas. Presentation presented at FEDOPTO. Bogota Colombia, 2017; Aug. 4-6.
  10. Zheng F, Caroline P, Kojima R, Lampa M, Kinoshita B, André M. Corneal Elevation Differences and the Initial Selection of Corneal and Scleral Contact Lens Poster presented at Global Specialty Lens Symposium (GSLS), Las Vegas, Jan. 22-25, 2015.
  11. Fadel D. Novel scleral lens design with elliptical and toric corneal and limbal zones Poster presented at Global Specialty Lens Symposium (GSLS), Las Vegas, Jan. 25-28, 2018.
  12. Sorbara L, Simpson TL, Maram J, Song ES, Bizheva K, Hutchings N. Optical edge effects create conjunctival indentation thickness artefacts; Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2015 May;35:283-292.
  13. Sonsino J, Eiden B, Kojima R. Instrumentation, in contemporary scleral lenses, theory and application. Barnett M, Lynette KJ. Bentham ebook, 2017:157-182.
  14. Ambrosio SM. Corneal tomographic study of contralateral normal eyes of patients with very asymmetric ‘unilateral’ keratoconus. American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery Meeting, Chicago, 2008.
  15. Khaja WA, Grover S, Kelmenson AT, Ferguson LR, Sambhav K, Chalam KV. Comparison of central corneal thickness: ultrasound pachymetry versus slit-lamp optical coherence tomography, specular microscopy, and Orbscan. Clin Ophthalmol. 2015 June;9:1065-1070.
  16. Soeken TA, Apsey DA, Townley JR, Haas RW, Caldwell MC. Comparison of pachymetry measurements between the Alcon Wavelight EX500 and Sonogage Corneo-Gage plus platforms. J Refract Surg. 2015 May;31:328-332.
  17. Fadel D. Scleral profile assessment. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2019 Jan;34:40-42.
  18. Kojima R, Caroline P, Graff T, et al. Eye shape and scleral lenses. Contact Lens Spectrum 2013 Apr;28:38-43.
  19. Caroline P, Kojima R, So K, Kinoshita B, Lampa M, André M. Sagittal height uncovered. Poster Presented at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium (GSLS), Las Vegas, Jan. 26-29, 2018.
  20. Kojima R, Caroline P, Walker M, Kinoshita B, André M, Lampa M. Benefits of OCT when fitting specialty lenses. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2014 Oct;29;46,48-51,63.
  21. Vincent SJ, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins MJ. Optical coherence tomography and scleral contact lenses: clinical and research applications. Clin Exp Optom. 2019 May;102:224-241.
  22. Gemoules G. A novel method of fitting scleral lenses using high-resolution optical coherence tomography. Eye Contact Lens. 2008 Mar;34:80–83.
  23. Sindt C, Laÿ B, Danno R. Repeatability and Validation of Scheimpflug Scleral Data. Poster presented at the Association of Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO), Honolulu, April 29- May 3, 2018.
  24. Nguyen MTB, Thakrar V, Chan CC. EyePrintPRO therapeutic scleral contact lens: indications and outcomes. Can J Ophtalmol. 2018 Feb;53:66-70.
  25. Barnett M, Fadel D. Clinical guide for scleral lens success. SLS & AILeS 2018. Available and published by Contamac. Available at .
  26. Fadel D, Toabe M. Compliance using scleral lenses. JCLRS. 2018;2:e22-e29.

(p. 44) The Scleral Lens Vault – The Fourth Phase of Water and Scleral Lens Fogging
By Langis Michaud, OD, MSc

  1. Hill AV. Sir William Bate Hardy. Available at . Accessed Dec. 27, 2019.
  2. Pollack G. The Fourth Phase of Water: Beyond Solid, Liquid and Vapor. Ebner and Sons. 2014 Aug 25.
  3. Pollack, G. The Fourth Phase of Water. Presented at the Soil & Nutrition Conference. 2018 Dec. 1. Available at . Accessed Dec. 27, 2019.
  4. Kundacina N, Shi M, Pollack GH. Effect of Local and General Anesthetics on Interfacial Water. PloS One. 2016 Apr 7;11:e0152127.

(p. 46) Orthokeratology Today – Orthokeratology Is in Your Future
By Michael J. Lipson, OD

  1. Wolffsohn JS, Flitcroft DI, Gifford KL, et al. IMI – Myopia control reports overview and introduction. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2019 Feb;60:M1-M19.
  2. Gifford KL, Richdale K, Kang P, et al. IMI-Clinical Management Guidelines Report. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2019 Feb 28;60:M184-M203.
  3. Hiraoka T, Kakita T, Okamoto F, Takahashi H, Oshika T. Long-term effect of overnight orthokeratology on axial length elongation in childhood myopia: a 5-year follow-up study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jun;53:3913-3919.
  4. Santodomingo-Rubido J, Villa-Collar C, Gilmartin B, Gutiérrez-Ortega R. Myopia control with orthokeratology contact lenses in Spain: refractive and biometric changes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jul 31;53:5060-5065.
  5. Cho P, Cheung SW. Retardation of Myopia in Orthokeratology (ROMIO) Study: a 2-year randomized clinical trial. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Oct 11;53:7077-7085.
  6. Walline JJ, Jones LA, Sinnott LT. Corneal reshaping and myopia progression. Br J Ophthalmol. 2009 Sep;93:1181-1185.
  7. Lipson MJ, Brooks MM, Koffler BH. The Role of Orthokeratology in Myopia Control: A Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2018 Jul;44:224-230.
  8. Bullimore M, Sinnott L, Jones-Jordan L. The risk of microbial keratitis with overnight corneal reshaping lenses. Optom Vis Sci.2013 Sep;90:937-944.
  9. Liu YM, Xie P. The Safety of Orthokeratology—A Systematic Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2016 Jan;42:35-42.
  10. Lipson MJ, Sugar A, Musch DC. Overnight corneal reshaping versus soft disposable contact lenses: vision-related quality-of-life differences from a randomized clinical trial. Optom Vis Sci. 2005 Oct; 82:886-891.
  11. Santodomingo-Rubido J, Villa-Collar C, Gilmartin B, Gutiérrez-Ortega R. Myopia control with orthokeratology contact lenses in Spain: a comparison of vision-related quality-of-life measures between orthokeratology contact lenses and single-vision spectacles. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Mar;39:153-157.

(p. 48) Reader and Industry Forum – Proactivity: The Forgotten Magic Wand!
By Nilesh Thite, MOptom

  1. NOP Healthcare. STAR performers. Optician. 1996;212:18-19.
  2. Akerman D. Our greatest opportunity. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2018 Aug;41:319-320.
  3. Thite N, Shinde L, Sawant P, et al. Proactive contact lens prescribing – Which approach is more effective? Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2018 Aug;41:389-392.
  4. Jones L, Jones D, Langley C, Houlford M. Reactive or proactive contact lens fitting – does it make a difference? J Br Contact Lens Assoc. 1996;19:41-43.
  5. Atkins NP, Morgan SL, Morgan PB. Enhancing the approach to selecting eyewear (EASE): A multi-centre, practice-based study into the effect of applying contact lenses prior to spectacle dispensing. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2009 Jun;32:103-107.
  6. Mayers M, Jansen Bishop M, Walerius D, et al. Improving your spectacle patients’ in-practice experience with contact lenses during frame selection. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2019 Aug;42 406-410.
  7. Bullimore M. The safety of soft contact lenses in children. Optom Vis Sci. 2017 Jun;.94:638-646.

(p. 52) Contact Lens Case Reports– Localized Vaults for Eyes with Conjunctival Blebs
By Gregory W. DeNaeyer, OD

  1. Kornman HL, Gedde SJ. Glaucoma management after corneal transplant surgeries. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2016 March;27:132-139.