Contact Lens Spectrum


June 2020

Document #295

(p. 11) GP Insights – When Corneal GP Lenses Come First
By Roxanna T. Potter, OD

  1. Price MO, Calhoun , Kollman C, Price FW Jr., Lass JH. Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty: Ten-year endothelial cell loss compared with penetrating keratoplasty. Ophthalmology. 2016 Jul;123:1421-1427.
  2. Alipour F, Sleimanzade M, Latifi G, Aghaie SH, Kasiri M, Dehghani S. Effects of soft toric, rigid gas permeable and mini-scleral lenses on corneal microstructure using confocal microscopy. Eye Contact Lens. 2020 Mar;46;74-81.
  3. Michaud L, van der Worp E, Brazeau D, Warde R, Giasson CJ. Predicting estimates of oxygen transmissibility for scleral lenses. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2012 Dec;35:266-271.
  4. Vincent SJ, Alonso-Caneiro D, Collins MJ. Evidence on scleral contact lenses and intraocular pressure. Clin Exp Optom. 2017 Jan;100(1):87-88.

(p. 13) Dry Eye Dx and Tx – Fog Away!
By Katherine M. Mastrota

  1. Malik SS, Malik SS. A simple method to prevent spectacle lenses misting up on wearing a face mask. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2011 Mar;93:168.
  2. Jordan DJ, Pritchard-Jones R. Tying a surgical mask to prevent fogging. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2014 Mar;96:165.
  3. Yuko E. How to Wear a Face Mask Without Fogging Up Your Glasses. LifeHacker. 2020 Apr 8. Available at . Accessed April 10, 2020.

(p. 15) Myopia Matters – Overcoming Obstacles in Myopia Management
By Brett O’Connor, OD

  1. Walline JJ, Greiner KL, McVey ME, Jones-Jordan LA. Multifocal contact lens myopia control. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Nov;90:1207-1214.
  2. Wen D, et al. Efficacy and Acceptability of Orthokeratology for Slowing Myopic Progression in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Ophthalmol. 2015 Jun;2015:360806.
  3. Cooper J, Weibel K, Borukhov G. Use of Atropine to Slow the Progression of Myopia: A Literature Review and Guidelines for Clinical Use. Vis Dev Rehab. 2018 Mar;4:12-28.
  4. Chia A, Lu QS, Tan D. Five-Year Clinical Trial on Atropine for the Treatment of Myopia 2: Myopia Control with Atropine 0.01% Eyedrops. Ophthalmology. 2016 Feb;123:391-399.
  5. Yam JC, Jiang Y, Tang SM, et al. Low-Concentration Atropine for Myopia Progression (LAMP) Study: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial of 0.05%, 0.025%, and 0.01% Atropine Eye Drops in Myopia Control. Ophthalmology. 2019 Jan;126:113-124.

(p. 19) NO FEE-CE: Key Considerations for Contact Lens Practitioners During the Coronavirus Pandemic
By Lyndon Jones, PhD, BSc, FCOptom; Karen Walsh, BSc, MCOptom, PGDip; Mark D.P. Willcox, PhD, DSc; Philip morgan, PhD, MCOptom; & Jason J. Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD

  1. Jones L, Walsh K, Wilcox M, Morgan P, Nichols J. The COVID-19 pandemic: Important considerations for contact lens practitioners. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2020 April 3. [In Press] Available at . Accessed April 8, 2020.
  2. Wu C, Liu Y, Yang Y, et al. Analysis of therapeutic targets for SARS-CoV-2 and discovery of potential drugs by computational methods. 2020 Feb 27. [Epub ahead of print] Available at . Accessed May 11, 2020.
  3. Chen Y, Guo Y, Pan Y, Zhao ZJ. Structure analysis of the receptor binding of 2019-nCoV. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2020 Feb 17. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Seah I, Su X, Lingam G. Revisiting the dangers of the coronavirus in the ophthalmology practice. Eye (Lond). 2020 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Xia J, Tong J, Liu M, Shen Y, Guo D. Evaluation of coronavirus in tears and conjunctival secretions of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. J Med Virol. 2020 Feb 26. [Epub ahead of print]
  6. Seah IYJ, Anderson DE, Kang AE, et al. Assessing viral shedding and infectivity of tears in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Ophthalmology. 2020 Mar 24. [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Guan WJ, Ni ZY, Hu Y, et al; China Medical Treatment Expert Group for Covid-19. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 30;382:1708-1720.
  8. Bonn D. SARS virus in tears? Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Aug;4:480.
  9. Chan WM, Yuen KS, Fan DS, Lam DS, Chan PK, Sung JJ. Tears and conjunctival scrapings for coronavirus in patients with SARS. Br J Ophthalmol. 2004 Jul;88:968-969.
  10. Loon SC, Teoh SC, Oon LL, et al. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus in tears. Br J Ophthalmol. 2004 Jul;88:861-863.
  11. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Important coronavirus updates for ophthalmologists. 2020 May 11. Available at . Accessed March 24, 2020.
  12. Peng Y, Zhou YH. Is novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) transmitted through conjunctiva? J Med Virol. 2020. [Epub ahead of print]
  13. Sun C, Wang Y, Liu G, Liu Z.Role of the eye in transmitting human coronavirus: what we know and what we do not know. Preprints. 2020 Mar 18. [Epub ahead of print]
  14. Garcia-Zalisnak D, Rapuano C, Sheppard JD, Davis AR. Adenovirus ocular infections: prevalence, pathology, pitfalls, and practical pointers. Eye Contact Lens. 2018 Sep;44 Suppl 1:S1-S7.
  15. Doyle TJ, King D, Cobb J, Miller D, Johnson B. An outbreak of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis at an outpatient ophthalmology clinic. Infect Dis Rep. 2010 Dec 7;2:e17.
  16. Yong K, Killerby M, Pan CY, et al. Outbreak of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis caused by human adenovirus type D53 in an eye care clinic-Los Angeles County, 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Dec 7;67:1347-1349.
  17. Muller MP, Siddiqui N, Ivancic R, Wong D. Adenovirus-related epidemic keratoconjunctivitis outbreak at a hospital-affiliated ophthalmology clinic. Am J Infect Control. 2018 May;46:581-583.
  18. Marinos E, Cabrera-Aguas M, Watson SL. Viral conjunctivitis: a retrospective study in an Australian hospital. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2019 Dec;42:679-684.
  19. Sammons JS, Graf EH, Townsend S, et al. Outbreak of adenovirus in a neonatal intensive care unit: critical importance of equipment cleaning during inpatient ophthalmologic examinations. Ophthalmology. 2019 Jan;126:137-143.
  20. Mueller AJ, Klauss V. Main sources of infection in 145 cases of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. Ger J Ophthalmol. 1993 Aug;2:224-227.
  21. Habibzadeh P, Stoneman EK. The novel coronavirus: a bird’s eye view. Int J Occup Environ Med. 2020 Apr;11:65-71.
  22. Wu D, Wu T, Liu Q, Yang Z. The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak: what we know. Int J Infect Dis. 2020 May;94:44-48.
  23. Adhikari SP, Meng S, Wu YJ, et al. Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: a scoping review. Infect Dis Poverty. 2020 Mar 17;9:29.
  24. Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. J Autoimmun. 2020 May;109:102433.
  25. World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. 2020 April 29. Available at . Accessed March 24, 2020.
  26. Fonn D, Jones L. Hand hygiene is linked to microbial keratitis and corneal inflammatory events. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2019 Apr;42:132-135.
  27. van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, et al. Aerosol and surface stability of SARS-CoV-2 as compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 16;382:1564-1567.
  28. Kampf G, Todt D, Pfaender S, Steinmann E. Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents. J Hosp Infect. 2020 Mar;104:246-251.
  29. Kowalski RP, Sundar-Raj CV, Romanowski EG, Gordon YJ. The disinfection of contact lenses contaminated with adenovirus. Am J Ophthalmol. 2001 Nov;132:777-779.
  30. Heaselgrave W, Lonnen J, Kilvington S, Santodomingo-Rubido J, Mori O. The disinfection efficacy of MeniCare soft multipurpose solution against Acanthamoeba and viruses using stand-alone biocidal and regimen testing. Eye Contact Lens. 2010 Mar;36:90-95.
  31. Rohrer MD, Terry MA, Bulard RA, Graves DC, Taylor EM. Microwave sterilization of hydrophilic contact lenses. Am J Ophthalmol. 1986 Jan;101:49-57.
  32. Pepose JS. Contact lens disinfection to prevent transmission of viral disease. CLAO J. 1988 Jul-Sep;14:165-168.
  33. Amin RM, Dean MT, Zaumetzer LE, Poiesz BJ. Virucidal efficacy of various lens cleaning and disinfecting solutions on HIV-I contaminated contact lenses. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1991 Apr;7:403-408.
  34. Lazzaro DR, Abulawi K, Hajee ME. In vitro cytotoxic effects of benzalkonium chloride on adenovirus. Eye Contact Lens. 2009 Nov;35:329-332.
  35. Kuc CJ, Lebow KA. Contact lens solutions and contact lens discomfort: examining the correlations between solution components, keratitis, and contact lens discomfort. Eye Contact Lens. 2018 Nov;44:355-366.
  36. Feldman J. How ditching contacts for glasses can protect you from the coronavirus. Huffington Post. 2020 Mar 23. Available at . Accessed March 24, 2020.
  37. Weiss S. Does wearing glasses help protect you against coronavirus? New York Post. 2020 Mar 10. Available at . Accessed March 24, 2020.
  38. Anon. Experts do not recommend using contact lenses for coronavirus. 2020. Available at ; last accessed Mar. 24, 2020.
  39. World Health Organization: Rational use of personal protective equipment for coronavirus disease (COVID-19): interim guidance. 2020 Mar 19. Available at . Accessed March 24, 2020.
  40. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim infection prevention and control recommendations for patients with suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in healthcare settings. COVID-19. 2020 Apr 13. Available at . Accessed May 18, 2020.
  41. Warnes SL, Little ZR, Keevil CW. Human coronavirus 229E remains infectious on common touch surface materials. mBio. 2015 Nov;6:e01697-e10715.
  42. Ikonen N, Savolainen-Kopra C, Enstone JE, et al. Deposition of respiratory virus pathogens on frequently touched surfaces at airports. BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Aug 29;18:437.
  43. Ong SWX, Tan YK, Chia PY, et al. Air, surface environmental, and personal protective equipment contamination by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) from a symptomatic patient. JAMA. 2020 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]
  44. Macias AE, de la Torre A, Moreno-Espinosa S, Leal PE, Bourlon MT, Ruiz-Palacios GM. Controlling the novel A (H1N1) influenza virus: don’t touch your face! J Hosp Infect. 2009 Nov 7;73:280-281.
  45. Kwok YL, Gralton J, McLaws ML. Face touching: a frequent habit that has implications for hand hygiene. Am J Infect Control. 2015 Feb;43:112-114.
  46. Zeri F, Naroo SA. Contact lens practice in the time of COVID-19. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2020 Mar 19. [Epub ahead of print]
  47. Mukamal R. Coronavirus eye safety. American Academy of Ophthalmology. 2020 Mar 10. Available at . Accessed March 24, 2020.
  48. General Optical Council. Joint statement and advice for eye care practitioners. 2020. Available at . Accessed March 24, 2020.
  49. American Optometric Association. Contact lens wear during COVID-19. 2020. Available at . Accessed April 7, 2020.
  50. Chalmers RL, Keay L, Long B, Bergenske P, Giles T, Bullimore MA. Risk factors for contact lens complications in US clinical practices. Optom Vis Sci. 2010 Oct;87:725-735.
  51. Chalmers RL, Hickson-Curran SB, Keay L, Gleason WJ, Albright R. Rates of adverse events with hydrogel and silicone hydrogel daily disposable lenses in a large postmarket surveillance registry: the TEMPO Registry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Jan 8;56:654-663.
  52. Chalmers RL, Wagner H, Mitchell GL, et al. Age and other risk factors for corneal infiltrative and inflammatory events in young soft contact lens wearers from the Contact Lens Assessment in Youth (CLAY) study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Aug 24;52:6690-6696.
  53. Morgan PB, Efron N, Brennan NA, Hill EA, Raynor MK, Tullo AB. Risk factors for the development of corneal infiltrative events associated with contact lens wear. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Sep;46:3136-3143.
  54. Radford CF, Minassian D, Dart JK, Stapleton F, Verma S. Risk factors for nonulcerative contact lens complications in an ophthalmic accident and emergency department: a case-control study. Ophthalmology. 2009 Mar;116:385-392.
  55. Stapleton F, Keay L, Edwards K, et al. The incidence of contact lens-related microbial keratitis in Australia. Ophthalmology. 2008 Oct;115:1655-1662.
  56. Cheng KH, Leung SL, Hoekman HW, et al. Incidence of contact-lens-associated microbial keratitis and its related morbidity. Lancet. 1999 Jul 17;354:181-185.
  57. Dart JK, Radford CF, Minassian D, Verma S, Stapleton F. Risk factors for microbial keratitis with contemporary contact lenses: a case-control study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Oct;115:1647-1654,1654.e1-e3.
  58. Schein OD, McNally JJ, Katz J, et al. The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30-day silicone hydrogel extended-wear contact lens. Ophthalmology. 2005 Dec;112:2172-2179.
  59. Morgan PB, Efron N, Hill EA, Raynor MK, Whiting MA, Tullo AB. Incidence of keratitis of varying severity among contact lens wearers. Br J Ophthalmol. 2005 Apr;89:430-436.
  60. Steele KR, Szczotka-Flynn L. Epidemiology of contact lens-induced infiltrates: an updated review. Clin Exp Optom. 2017 Sep;100:473-481.
  61. Stapleton F, Edwards K, Keay L, et al. Risk factors for moderate and severe microbial keratitis in daily wear contact lens users. Ophthalmology. 2012 Aug;119:1516-1521.
  62. Arshad M, Carnt N, Tan J, Ekkeshis I, Stapleton F. Water exposure and the risk of contact lens-related disease. Cornea. 2019 Jun;38:791-797.
  63. Stapleton F, Naduvilath T, Keay L, et al. Risk factors and causative organisms in microbial keratitis in daily disposable contact lens wear. PLoS One. 2017 Aug 16;12:e0181343.
  64. Carnt N, Hoffman JM, Verma S, et al. Acanthamoeba keratitis: confirmation of the UK outbreak and a prospective case-control study identifying contributing risk factors. Br J Ophthalmol. 2018 Dec;102:1621-1628.
  65. Randag AC, van Rooij J, van Goor AT, et al. The rising incidence of Acanthamoeba keratitis: A 7-year nationwide survey and clinical assessment of risk factors and functional outcomes. PLoS One. 2019 Sep 6;14:e0222092.
  66. Walsh K, Lenz Y, Behrens R. Get the Support You Need. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2019 Sep;34:32-37.
  67. British Contact Lens Association. Contact Lens Wear and coronavirus (COVID-19) guidance. 2020 March 13. Available at . Accessed April 7, 2020.
  68. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: How to Protect Yourself. Updated May 12, 2020. Available at . Accessed April 28, 2020.

(p. 46) Pediatric and Teen CL Care – Empirical Fitting of Specialty Contact Lenses
By Melanie Frogozo, OD

  1. International Organization for Standardization. ISO 19979:2018(en) Ophthalmic optics – contact lenses – hygienic management of multipatient use trial contact lenses. 2018. Available for purchase at: . Accessed Feb. 16, 2020.
  2. The American Optometric Association’s (AOA) Contact Lens & Cornea Section and The American Academy of Optometry’s (AAO) Section on Cornea, Contact Lenses and Refractive Technologies. Guidelines for Handling of Multi-Patient Contact Lenses in the Clinical Setting. October 2019. In process for publication.

(p. 50) History of Contact Lenses – The Birth of the Corneal Lens Story Continues
By Patrick J. Caroline & Craig W. Norman

  1. Robert F. Heitz MD, PhD., The History of Contact Lenses Volume Two Keratoconus and the Use of Early Contact Lenses (1888-1920).G. Schmidt Van Iseghem Laan 18/27 B- 8400 Oostende Belgium 2005.
  2. Robert F. Heitz MD PhD., History of Contact Lenses, Contact Lenses, Grune & Stratton 1984.
  3. US Patent Application #642117 Division 7, Dennis C. England January 19th 1946, Invention: Ophthalmic Contact Lens, Patent Attorney: William S. McDowell Columbus, Ohio.