Contact Lens Spectrum


August 2020

Document #297

(p. 12) Research Review – Understanding Contact Lens Dropout
By Andrew D. Pucker, OD, PhD, & Anna Ablamowicz Tichenor, OD, PhD

  1. Nichols JJ, Willcox MD, Bron AJ, et al. The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: Executive Summary. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Oct 18;54:TFOS7-TFOS13.
  2. Begley CG, Chalmers RL, Mitchell GL, et al. Characterization of Ocular Surface Symptoms From Optometric Practices in North America. Cornea. 2001 Aug;20:610-618.
  3. Young G, Veys J, Pritchard N, Coleman S. A Multi-Centre Study of Lapsed Contact Lens Wearers. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2002 Nov;22:516-527.
  4. Sulley A, Young G, Hunt C. Factors in the success of new contact lens wearers. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2017 Feb;40:15-24.
  5. Sulley A, Young G, Hunt C, McCready S, Targett MT, Craven R. Retention Rates in New Contact Lens Wearers. Eye Contact Lens. 2018 Sep;44 Suppl 1:S273-S282.
  6. Macedo-de-Araujo RJ, van der Worp E, González-Méijome JM. A One-Year Prospective Study on Scleral Lens Wear Success. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2019 Nov 13;S1367-0484(19)30298-X.
  7. Weed K, Fonn D, Potvin R. Discontinuation of contact lens wear. Optom Vis Sci. 1993;70:140.
  8. Pritchard N, Fonn D, Brazeau D. Discontinuation of contact lens wear: a survey. Int Contact Lens Clin. 1999 Nov;26:157-162.
  9. Sweeney DF. Have Silicone Hydrogel Lenses Eliminated Hypoxia? Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:53-60.
  10. Guillon M. Are Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses More Comfortable Than Hydrogel Contact Lenses? Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:86-92.
  11. Szczotka-Flynn L, Diaz M. Risk of Corneal Inflammatory Events With Silicone Hydrogel and Low Dk Hydrogel Extended Contact Lens Wear: A Meta-Analysis. Optom Vis Sci. 2007 Apr;84:247-256.
  12. Richdale K, Sinnott LT, Skadahl E, Nichols JJ. Frequency of and Factors Associated With Contact Lens Dissatisfaction and Discontinuation. Cornea. 2007 Feb;26:168-174.
  13. Dumbleton K, Woods CA, Jones LW, Fonn D. The Impact of Contemporary Contact Lenses on Contact Lens Discontinuation. Eye Contact Lens. 2013 Jan;39:93-99.
  14. Rumpakis J. New Data on Contact Lens Dropouts: An International Perspective. Rev Optom. 2010 Jan 15;147:37-42.
  15. Schlanger JL. A Study of Contact Lens Failures. J Am Optom Assoc. 1993 Mar;64:220-224.
  16. Pucker AD, Jones-Jordan LA, Marx S, et al. Clinical Factors Associated With Contact Lens Dropout. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2019 Jun;42:318-324.
  17. Giannaccare G, Blalock W, Fresina M, Vagge A, Versura P. Intolerant Contact Lens Wearers Exhibit Ocular Surface Impairment Despite 3 Months Wear Discontinuation. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2016 Sep;254:1825-1831.

(p. 14) Prescribing for Astigmatism – Improve Comfort and Vision in Both Eyes
By Brooke Messer, OD

  1. Yang  SN, Tai YC, Sheedy JE, Kinoshita B, Lampa M, Kern JR. Comparative Effect of Lens Care Solutions on Blink Rate, Ocular Discomfort and Visual Performance. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2012 Sep;32:412-420.

(p. 54) The Scleral Lens Vault – The Great Saline Debate
By Karen L. Lee, OD

  1. Chiu GB, She R, Jeong M, Lee KL. Microbiological evaluation of opened saline bottles & hygiene habits of patients wearing scleral lenses. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Free Paper Presentation Session. 2020 Jan, Las Vegas.
  2. The Dry Eye Foundation. Survey: Saline Preferences for Fitting Scleral Lenses. 2018 Dec. Available at , accessed 6/25/20.
  3. Sweeney DF, Taylor P, Holden BA, Sansey N. Contamination of 500 ml bottles of unpreserved saline. Clin Exp Optom. 1992 Mar;75:67-75.
  4. Willcox MDP, Holden BA. Contact Lens Related Corneal Infections. Biosci Rep. 2001 Aug;21:445-461.
  5. Szczotka-Flynn LB, Pearlman E, Ghannoum M. Microbial Contamination of Contact Lenses, Lens Care Solutions, and Their Accessories: A Literature Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2010 Mar;36:116-129.
  6. Arshad M, Carnt N, Tan J, Ekkeshis I, Stapleton F. Water Exposure and the Risk of Contact Lens-Related Disease. Cornea. 2019 Jun;38:791-797.
  7. Hall BJ, Jones L. Contact Lens Cases: The Missing Link in Contact Lens Safety? Eye Contact Lens. 2010 Mar;36:101-105.
  8. Zimmerman AB, Marks A. Microbial Keratitis Secondary to Unintended Poor Compliance With Scleral Gas-Permeable Contact Lenses. Eye Contact Lens. 2014 Jan;40:e1-e4.
  9. Severinsky B, Behrman S, Frucht-Pery J, Solomon A. Scleral Contact Lenses for Visual Rehabilitation After Penetrating Keratoplasty: Long Term Outcomes. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2014 Jun;37:196-202.
  10. Schornack MM. Scleral Lenses: A Literature Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2015 Jan;41:3-11.
  11. Fadel D, Toabe M. Scleral Lens Issues and Complications Related to Handling, Care and Compliance. J Contact Lens Res Sci. 2018 Oct 26;2:e1-e13.
  12. Fadel D, Toabe M. Scleral Lens Hygiene and Care. J Contact lens Res Sci. 2018 Apr 24;2:e30-e37.

(p. 55) Pediatric and Teen CL Care – How to Approach Scleral Fitting in Pediatric Patients
By Melanie Frogozo, OD

  1. Sweeney DF, Stretton S, Fonn D, Swarbrick HA, Holden BA. Extended- and continuous-wear lenses. In: Phillips AJ, Speedwell L, eds. Contact Lenses, 5th ed. London, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2006. p 278-290.
  2. Johns LK, Barnett M. Scleral Lens Anatomy. In: M. Barnett, K.J. Lynette (Eds.), Contemporary Scleral Lenses, Theory and Application. Bentham ebook, 2017, pp. 48-67.